Basuki Tjahaja Purnama

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Basuki Tjahaja Purnama
Wakil Gubernur DKI Basuki TP.jpg
17th Governor of Jakarta
Assumed office
19 November 2014
Acting: 1 June–22 July 2014 and
16 October–19 November 2014
Deputy Djarot Saiful Hidayat
Preceded by Joko Widodo
Succeeded by Anies Baswedan (elect)
Deputy Governor of Jakarta
In office
15 October 2012 – 19 November 2014
Governor Joko Widodo
Preceded by Prijanto
Succeeded by Djarot Saiful Hidayat
3rd Regent of East Belitung
In office
3 August 2005 – 22 December 2006
Deputy Khairul Efendi
Preceded by Usman Saleh
Succeeded by Khairul Efendi
Member of the Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat
In office
1 October 2009 – 26 April 2012
Constituency Bangka Belitung
Personal details
Born Tjung Ban Hok
鍾萬學

(1966-06-29) 29 June 1966 (age 50)
Manggar, Belitung, Indonesia
Nationality Indonesian
Political party Independent (2014–present)
Gerindra (2012–2014)
Golkar (2008–2012)
PPIB (2004–2008)
Spouse(s) Veronica Tan
Relations Indra Tjahaja Purnama (father)
Buniarti Ningsih (mother)
Children Nicholas Sean Purnama
Nathania Purnama
Daud Albeenner Purnama
Alma mater Trisakti University
STIE Prasetiya Mulya
Occupation Politician
Religion Protestantism
Signature
Website ahok.org

Basuki Tjahaja Purnama (EYD: Basuki Cahaya Purnama; Chinese: 鍾萬學; Tjung Ban Hok; pinyin: Zhōng Wànxué; born June 29, 1966) is an Indonesian politician serving as the 17th Governor of Jakarta since November 14, 2014. Basuki was inaugurated by President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) on November 18, 2014.[1] He was a legislator in the Indonesian People's Representative Council and Regent of East Belitung.[2] He is also known by his Hakka Chinese nickname, Ahok (Chinese: 阿學).

Basuki was also a Komisi II House of Representatives member for the 2009–2014 office term. However, he resigned from the position in 2012 to run for Jakarta governor election.

Basuki is the second governor with Chinese ancestry, and also the second Christian governor of Jakarta, following Henk Ngantung, who was governor during the period 1964–65.[3][4]

Basuki is recognized to be a clean politician by his strong stance against corruption and his straight-talking style to the Jakarta's government and legislature people who work badly.[5]

He lost the governorship to Anies Baswedan in 2017 Jakarta gubernatorial election.[6] But those of his supporters and almost of the Jakarta's citizens made their feelings of gratitude and sympathy by flooding the Jakarta City Hall with more than 1000 flower boards with messages of love, support and thanks for Basuki and his deputy governor, Djarot Saiful Hidayat.[7][8]

Personal life

Early life

Basuki was born on 29 June 1966 and grew up in Manggar, East Belitung. He is the first son of Buniarti Ningsih (Boen Nen Tjauw) and the late Indra Tjahaja Purnama (Tjoeng Kiem Nam).[9] Basuki has three siblings, Basuri Tjahaja Purnama, Fifi Lety, and Harry Basuki.

Education

Basuki attended Trisakti University majoring in Mineral Resources & Technology. He graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in Geological Engineering in 1989 and returned to his hometown in Belitung to build a company which dealt in mining contracts.

After two years of working in the company, he decided to pursue a master's degree in Financial Management at Prasetiya Mulya Business School in Jakarta. He graduated as a Master of Business Administration (MBA).[10]

Family

Basuki is married to Veronica Tan and the couple has three children, Nicolas Sean, Natania, and Daud Albeneer.[11]

Political career

Early involvement with politics

Basuki entered politics in his home region of Belitung. He ran in the 2005 East Belitung regent election with Khairul Effendi as his running mate and was elected as regent with 37.13% of the vote. Basuki believes that Indonesia is breaking with the past, that had a long and often violent history of prejudice and resentment. He is nicknamed "The Father" and "The Law" for strong actions against corruption.[12] After a month in office, Basuki confronted key issues related to traffic congestion, labor, corruption and the bureaucracy. He mediated a minimum wage increase, proposed incentives for street vendors to move to designated markets in order to reduce congestion, migrating poor villagers into new flats, launched sudden inspections of government offices, and proposed installing closed circuit televisions to improve accountability.[13]

2007 Bangka-Belitung governor election

Basuki resigned from his position as East Belitung regent on 11 December 2006 in order to run in the 2007 Bangka-Belitung gubernatorial election. He later credited former Indonesian president Abdurrahman Wahid, for convincing him to run for public office.[14] Wahid supported Basuki's candidacy[15] and praised Ahok's healthcare reforms.[citation needed]

Basuki was defeated by Eko Maulana Ali.

In 2008, Basuki wrote a biography titled Merubah Indonesia (Reforming Indonesia).[16]

Parliamentary career

In 2009, Basuki was elected to the House of Representatives, as a Golkar politician. He was elected with 119,232 votes,[17] and was assigned to the Second Commission.[18] In 2011, he created a controversy during a visit to his local constituency. He was recorded by the local media condemning local tin mining businesses for causing environmental damage. The comment was regarded as an insult by a local youth NGO, who reported him to the House Ethics Committee.[19]

Jakarta's deputy governor

In 2011, Basuki considered to run as Jakarta governor as an independent. However, he decided not to run as he was pessimistic about his chances on getting 250 thousand signatures, the requirement for running as an independent gubernatorial candidate in Jakarta.[20] However, he then ran along Joko Widodo in the 2012 election as his running mate. Jokowi and Basuki won 1.847.157 (42,60%) votes in the first round, and 2.472.130 (53,82%) in the second round, defeating incumbernt governor Fauzi Bowo.[21][22] The ticket was nominated by the Indonesian Democratic Party – Struggle (PDI-P) and the Great Indonesia Movement Party (Gerindra).[23] On 10 September 2014, Basuki left Gerindra due to a dispute on a proposed bill on regional elections. Since then, he becomes politically unaffiliated.

Governorship

Basuki was inaugurated by Joko Widodo at the Indonesian State Palace on 2014.

When Joko Widodo took a temporary leave from his post as Jakarta governor to run for President, Basuki became the acting Governor of Jakarta from 1 June 2014.[24] Following Jokowi's victory, he succeeded him as governor and was sworn into office on 18 November 2014.[1]

Target of racism

A member of a minority ethnic group, Basuki has become the subject of occasional racist comments. During the 2012 gubernatorial campaign, he was regularly targeted by ultra-conservatives and supporters of rival candidates for being a non-Muslim. Furthermore, Basuki's "double minority" background makes him a target of the hardliner Islamic Defenders Front (FPI). The group called for the revision of the Jakarta constitution to remove some of the governor's responsibilities for government-affiliated Islamic organizations.[13]

A number of hardline right-wing Islamic groups staged several violent protests opposing him in the weeks leading to his inauguration, mentioning his background as a reason.[25]

Jakarta governor election, 2017

Basuki initially had declared to run for the 2017 Jakarta gubernatorial election as an independent candidate with Teman Ahok, a group of volunteers responsible for collecting over one million Identity Cards, representing over one million supporters required by Indonesian law to be eligible to run from independent ticket.[26] Due to a new state regulation that stricken independent candidate's requirements to run for gubernatorial election, Basuki is set to run from political party ticket from three political parties, who previously declared endorsements earlier in 2016.[27][28] The three political parties consisting Golkar, People's Conscience Party, and Nasdem Party.[29] On 20 September 2016, Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDIP) declared its support for Basuki.[30]

In the first round of voting on 15 February 2017, Ahok secured passage to the second round run-off between two candidates, having secured approximately 43 percent of the vote, ahead of Anies Baswedan on 40 percent, and well ahead of Agus Yudhoyono on 17 percent.[31]

Quick counts for the 19 April runoff indicated that Anies Baswedan was elected as governor; Ahok concede defeat hours after the polls closed. The official results of the runoff will be published by the KPU in May.[32][33]

Allegations of Quran insult

On 27 September 2016, in a speech in front of citizens of Thousand Islands, Basuki noted that some citizens would not vote for him because they are being "deceived using Verse 51 of Al Maidah and variations of it,"[34] referring to a verse that some groups have cited as grounds to oppose him.[35] The provincial government of Jakarta uploaded the video recording to YouTube in a channel which often feature Basuki's activities.[36] Citizens and pundits criticized Basuki's statement, considering it an insult on the Quran.[34] The video became viral and Basuki was widely criticized in social media such as Facebook and Twitter. A Change.org petition criticising him gained tens of thousands of signatures.[36]

Several organizations, including the Islamic Defenders Front (Indonesian acronym: FPI) and a local chapter of the Indonesian Ulema Council, reported Basuki to the police, accusing him blindly of having violated Indonesia's Law On Misuse and Insult of Religion.[37] On October 10, 2016, Basuki publicly apologized to those he offended with his statement, stating that it was not his intention to do so, and that some of his policies that he said had benefited Muslims, such granting permits for Islamic schools, providing Jakarta Smart Cards (KJP) to the students, and building a mosque in the City Hall complex. He also pointed out that during his September 7 speech in the Thousand Islands in which he mentioned Surah al-Maidah, verse 51 of the Quran, the residents were not insulted, and even laughed during his recitation.[38]

References

  1. ^ a b "Ahok becomes Jakarta governor today". The Jakarta Post. 19 November 2014. 
  2. ^ "Siapa Ahok?" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  3. ^ Cochrane, Joe (22 November 2014). "An Ethnic Chinese Christian, Breaking Barriers in Indonesia". The New York Times. 
  4. ^ Harfenist, Ethan (August 17, 2014). "Jakarta Could Be Getting Its First Ethnically Chinese Governor". Vice News.
  5. ^ "Ahok: loved and hated governor of Jakarta". indonesiaatmelbourne.unimelb.edu.au. 4 August 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  6. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Ahok concedes defeat, calls on supporters to move on". The Jakarta Post. 
  7. ^ "Flower Boards for Ahok-Djarot Surround the City Hall". jakartaglobe.id. 25 April 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  8. ^ "After election loss, City Hall flooded with flower boards and Ahok mobbed by fans expressing thanks and sympathy". coconuts.co. 26 April 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  9. ^ "Profil Basuki Tjahaja Purnama". Merdeka. 25 November 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2014. 
  10. ^ "Siapa Ahok?" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "Nicolas Sean, Anak Ahok yang Hobi Ngegame". detikinet. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  12. ^ "In Indonesia, ethnic Chinese see a new future". 19 August 2012. 
  13. ^ a b "The Leaderboard: Basuki "Ahok" Tjahaja Purnama". Center for Strategic & International Studies. 27 November 2012. 
  14. ^ Hodge, Amanda (13 December 2016). "Ahok blasphemy hearing 'a trial by mob'". The Australian. Retrieved 27 December 2016. He credited the late Islamic scholar and former Indonesian president Abdurrahman Wahid for convincing him to run for public office in 2007 in the Muslim majority district of Bangka Belitung, and said he spoke at one of his campaign rallies about how the al Maidah verse was taken out of context. 
  15. ^ "Dua Alasan Gus Dur Tertarik pada Ahok". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). 9 September 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  16. ^ "PDF Buku "Merubah Indonesia"". Ahok.org. Retrieved 2016-12-24. 
  17. ^ Wajah DPR dan DPD, 2009–2014: latar belakang pendidikan dan karier, Penerbit Buku Kompas, 2010, page 171
  18. ^ Daftar Komisi II DPR RI, Okezone, 29 October 2009
  19. ^ Ahok: Bela Rakyat Tapi kok dilaporkan ke BK DPR RI, PetaPolitik.Com, 20 May 2011
  20. ^ "A Hok Pesimis Lolos Cagub Independen DKI Jakarta | Megapolitan". Beritasatu.com. Retrieved 2016-12-24. 
  21. ^ "Jokowi-Ahok Pemenang Pilkada Putaran Pertama". Megapolitan.kompas.com. 2012-07-19. Retrieved 2016-12-24. 
  22. ^ "Jokowi-Basuki Menangi Pilkada DKI Putaran II". Megapolitan.kompas.com. 2012-09-28. Retrieved 2016-12-24. 
  23. ^ "Jokowi, Ahok take a Kopaja to KPUD". The Jakarta Post. 19 March 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  24. ^ "Ahok Ready to be Acting Governor". Tempo. 31 May 2014. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  25. ^ Dewi, Sita W. (3 October 2014). "FPI members arrested during violent protest". The Jakarta Post. 
  26. ^ Cochrane, Joe (4 June 2016). "Governor of Jakarta bucks Indonesia's Party Politics". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  27. ^ "Party ticket will ensure smooth candidacy for Ahok, analyst says". The Jakarta Post. 28 July 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  28. ^ "Ahok to Run With Political Parties in Jakarta Governor Race". Jakarta Globe. 28 July 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  29. ^ Elyda, Corry (24 June 2016). "Ahok secures ticket from political parties". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  30. ^ Rahmah, Ghoida (21 September 2016). "Ahok-Djarot Diusung, Ketua RT: PDIP Khianati Rakyat Kecil". Tempo. Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
  31. ^ Ahok heading for Baswedan run-off in tense Jakarta vote, Al Jazeera, 16 Feb 2017
  32. ^ Joe Cochrane (19 April 2017). "Jakarta Governor Concedes Defeat in Religiously Tinged Election". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 April 2017. 
  33. ^ "Jakarta's 'Ahok' concedes heavy defeat in governor race". South China Morning Post. 
  34. ^ a b Sasongko, Agung (6 October 2016). "Video Ahok: Anda Dibohongi Alquran Surat Al-Maidah 51 Viral di Medsos". Republika. 
  35. ^ "Basuki Tjahaja Purnama: Jakarta's governor". BBC News. 4 November 2016. 
  36. ^ a b "Soal Al Maidah 51, Ahok: Saya Tak Berniat Melecehkan Ayat Suci Alquran". detik.com. Retrieved 5 November 2016. 
  37. ^ "UU penodaan agama dianggap diskriminatif dan tak sesuai HAM". BBC News. 3 November 2016. Retrieved 5 November 2016 – via BBC. 
  38. ^ Wijaya, Callistasia Anggun (1October 10, 2016). "Ahok apologizes to Muslims for alleged defamation". The Jakarta Post.
Political offices
Preceded by
Joko Widodo
Governor of Jakarta
2014–present
Incumbent
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