Bargain of Judas

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Judas making a bargain with the priests, depicted by Duccio, early 14th century.
Bargain of Judas, fresco by Lippo Memmi, 14th century.

The Bargain of Judas is a biblical episode related to the life of Jesus which is recorded in all three Synoptic Gospels, Matthew 26:14–16, Mark 14:10–11 and Luke 22:1–6. It relates how Judas Iscariot made a bargain with the Jewish chief priests to betray Jesus.[1]

The Gospel of Matthew specifies that Judas received thirty pieces of silver:

Then one of the Twelve — the one called Judas Iscariot — went to the chief priests and asked, "What are you willing to give me if I hand him over to you?" So they counted out for him thirty silver coins. From then on Judas watched for an opportunity to hand him over.[2]

The word which is translated "counted out" (Greek: εστησαν, estēsan) in modern translations like the Good News Translation and the New International Version appears as "they appointed unto him" in the Geneva Bible, "they covenanted with him" in the King James Version, "they weighed out" in the American Standard Version and as "they settled with him" in J. B. Phillips' 1960[3] translation. The prophetic text of Zechariah 11:12, in most English translations, uses the word "weighed":

Then I said to them, "If it seems right to you, give me my wages; but if not, keep them.” And they weighed out as my wages thirty shekels of silver.[4]

The Gospel of Mark and the Gospel of Luke mention no price. The Gospel of Luke states that Satan entered Judas to prompt him for the bargain:

Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread, called the Passover, was approaching, and the chief priests and the teachers of the law were looking for some way to get rid of Jesus, for they were afraid of the people. Then Satan entered Judas, called Iscariot, one of the Twelve. And Judas went to the chief priests and the officers of the temple guard and discussed with them how he might betray Jesus. They were delighted and agreed to give him money. He consented, and watched for an opportunity to hand Jesus over to them when no crowd was present.[5]

In the New Testament Jesus is later betrayed in the Kiss of Judas incident. The Bargain of Judas is considered one of the seven key episodes that relate to the events of the week of the Crucifixion of Jesus.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ All the Apostles of the Bible by Herbert Lockyer 1988 ISBN 0-310-28011-7 pages 106–111
  2. ^ Biblegateway
  3. ^ Phillips J. B., The New Testament in Modern English copyright © 1960, 1972 J. B. Phillips, administered by The Archbishops’ Council of the Church of England
  4. ^ Zechariah 11:12
  5. ^ Biblegateway
  6. ^ The Synoptic Gospels and the Book of Acts by Doremus Almy Hayes 2009 ISBN 1-115-87731-3 page 88
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