Bare-faced curassow

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Bare-faced curassow
Bare-faced curassow (Crax fasciolata) male.JPG
Male
Bare-faced curassow (Crax fasciolata) female.JPG
Female
Both in the Pantanal, Brazil
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Cracidae
Genus: Crax
Species: C. fasciolata
Binomial name
Crax fasciolata
Spix, 1825

The bare-faced curassow (Crax fasciolata) is a species of bird in the family Cracidae, the chachalacas, guans, curassows, etc. It is found in Brazil, Paraguay, and eastern Bolivia, and extreme northeast Argentina, in the cerrado, pantanal, and the southeastern region of the Amazon basin. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest.

Taxonomy

There are three currently recognized subspecies following the IOC,

Description

The bare-faced curassow is a large bird reaching a length of 82 to 92 centimetres (32 to 36 in). The sexes differ in appearance. The male has black upper parts faintly glossed with greenish-olive, with an unfeathered face with yellowish bare skin, a small black crest, and white underparts. The female, on the other hand, has a black head, throat, neck and upper mantle, and a black and white barred crest. The remainder of the upper parts are greenish-black barred with white or ochre. The black tail is tipped with white or ochre and the underparts are black with ochre barring on the breast, paling to a yellowish or ochre belly. The facial skin on females is blackish.[2]

Behaviour

The bare-faced curassow lives in moist, semi-deciduous and gallery forests, often near the fringes of the woodland. It mainly feeds on fruit, but seeds, flowers and small invertebrates are also eaten. Breeding takes place in the summer in the southern part of its range, with the nests being platforms of sticks in trees.[1]

Status

The bare-faced curassow has a wide range and is fairly numerous in parts of its range, however it is subject to hunting and to the destruction of its habitat and the total population is likely to be declining quite rapidly. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed its conservation status as "vulnerable".[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2016). "Crax fasciolata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T45092100A95141387. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T45092100A95141387.en. Retrieved 17 May 2018. 
  2. ^ Emmet Reid Blake (1 July 1977). Manual of Neotropical Birds. University of Chicago Press. p. 433. ISBN 978-0-226-05641-8. 

External links

  • Bare-faced Curassow videos on the Internet Bird Collection
  • Stamps (for Paraguay) with RangeMap
  • Bare-faced Curassow photo gallery VIREO Photo-High Res--(Close-up)
  • Photo-High Res; Article chandra.as.utexas.edu–"Birds of Brazil"
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