Barbarians in the Byzantine Empire

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In the Byzantine Empire, the term "barbarians" (Greek: βάρβαρος) was used for several non-Greek people. The Byzantines regarded most neighbouring people as barbarians.[1] The Bureau of Barbarians was a department of government dealing with matters relating to these "barbarians".[2] In the Early Middle Ages in Europe, the term was applied to Huns,[3] Goths,[4] Pechenegs,[4] Avars, Slavs,[5] Bulgars,[5] and others.

References

  1. ^ John H. Rosser (2012). Historical Dictionary of Byzantium. Scarecrow Press. pp. 15–. ISBN 978-0-8108-7567-8.
  2. ^ Nicholas C. Eliopoulos (1 September 2002). Oneness of Politics and Religion. iUniverse. pp. 49–. ISBN 978-0-595-24054-8.
  3. ^ Lawler 2004, p. G303.
  4. ^ a b Lawler 2004, p. 303.
  5. ^ a b Lawler 2004, p. 176.

Sources

  • Heather, Peter (2010). Empires and Barbarians: Migration, Development and the Birth of Europe. Pan Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-330-54021-6.
  • James, Edward (2014). Europe's Barbarians AD 200-600. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-86825-5.
  • Lawler, Jennifer (2004). Encyclopedia of the Byzantine Empire. McFarland. ISBN 978-1-4766-0929-4.
  • Treadgold, Warren (1998). Byzantium and Its Army, 284-1081. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-3163-8.
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