Banca Giuratale (Valletta)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Banca Giuratale
Banka Ġuratali
Palazzo della Città, Valletta.jpeg
View of the Banca Giuratale
Former names Palazzo della Città
Consolato del Mare
Alternative names Municipal Palace
General information
Status Intact
Type City hall
Architectural style Baroque
Location Valletta, Malta
Coordinates 35°53′52″N 14°30′49.1″E / 35.89778°N 14.513639°E / 35.89778; 14.513639
Current tenants Ministry for the Economy, Investment and Small Business
Completed 1721
Owner Government of Malta
Technical details
Material Limestone
Floor count 2
Design and construction
Architect Romano Carapecchia

The Banca Giuratale (Maltese: Banka Ġuratali),[1] formerly also known as Banca dei Giurati,[2][3] the Municipal Palace (Maltese: Palazz Muniċipali),[1] the Palazzo della Città,[4] Casa Città[5] and the Consolato del Mare,[1] is a public building in Valletta, Malta. It was built in the 18th century to house the city's administrative council, and it was subsequently used as the General Post Office and the Public Registry. The Banca Giuratale now houses the Ministry for the Economy, Investment and Small Business.

History

The Banca Giuratale was originally a house which belonged to Dr. Gio Batta Piotto, and it was taken over by the treasury of the Order of St. John in 1665. In 1721, the Università, which was the local administrative council of Valletta, acquired the building in exchange for its original premises located across the street (now the Monte di Pietà). The building was subsequently reconstructed during the magistracy of Grand Master Marc'Antonio Zondadari. The new building was designed by the architect Romano Carapecchia.[6][7][8]

The Banca Giuratale was renovated in 1762, during the magistracy of Manuel Pinto da Fonseca. Napoleon is said to have spent his last night in Malta, between 13 and 14 June 1798, at this building.[9] The Banca Giuratale remained in use by the Università until that body was suppressed by Governor Thomas Maitland in 1818.[10]

The Banca Giuratale in the 19th century, when it was the GPO
Interior of the Banca Giuratale

In 1841, the Banca Giuratale became a post office when the Packet Office was transferred there from the Casa del Commun Tesoro in Piazza Tesoreria. The Island Post Office was also transferred into the Banca Giuratale on 1 April 1849, and the two were merged into the General Post Office in 1885. A year later, the GPO moved to Palazzo Parisio.[11]

For many years, the Banca Giuratale housed the Public Registry. The latter has now moved to Evans Building,[1] and the Banca Giuratale now houses the Ministry for the Economy, Investment and Small Business.[12]

The building was included on the Antiquities List of 1925.[13] It is now a Grade 1 national monument,[6] and it is also listed on the National Inventory of the Cultural Property of the Maltese Islands.[14]

The façade was restored sometimes in 2014.[15]

Architecture

Baroque façade of the Banca Giuratale

The Banca Giuratale is built in the Baroque style. The main portal is flanked by Doric columns which support an open balcony.[6] Two arcades are located on either side of the doorway, above which are oval windows set in blind arches. The first floor contains five ornate windows, and an ornate centrepiece is located above the central window. This includes a bust of Grand Master Zondadari, carved figures and drapery and a marble slab with the following Latin inscription:[16]

MARCUS ANTONIUS ZONDADARIUS M. M.
HAS ÆDES IN COMMODIOREM FORMAM REDACTAS
PUBLICIS MELITÆ NEGOCIIS
ET PUBLICÆ PIETATI APERUIT
ANNO DNI. MDCCXXI.

The centrepiece also contained a number of coats of arms, but these were probably defaced during the French occupation of 1798–1800. The central coat of arms was later replaced by the British royal arms in the early 19th century.[14]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Public Registry". Ċertifikati.gov.mt. Archived from the original on 26 October 2015. 
  2. ^ page. 414
  3. ^ De Piro, Nicholas (1997). Valletta: A City Built by Gentlemen for Gentlemen. Miranda Publications. p. 85. ISBN 9990985006. 
  4. ^ Gaul, Simon (2007). Malta, Gozo and Comino. New Holland publishers. p. 110. ISBN 9781860113659. 
  5. ^ "The Architectural legacy of Grand Master Pinto (1)". The Malta Independent. 14 May 2008. 
  6. ^ a b c "One World - Protecting the most significant buildings, monuments and features of Valletta (59)". Times of Malta. 13 December 2008. Retrieved 26 October 2015. 
  7. ^ UOM. p. 12.
  8. ^ De Piro, Nicholas (1997). Valletta: A City Built by Gentlemen for Gentlemen. Miranda Publications. p. 85. ISBN 9990985006. 
  9. ^ "Merchants Street – Valletta". Culture Malta. Archived from the original on 22 August 2016. 
  10. ^ "Gibbons Stamp Weekly". 8. Stanley Gibbons. 1908: 414. 
  11. ^ Proud, Edward B. (1999). The Postal History of Malta. Heathfield: Proud-Bailey Co. Ltd. pp. 186–189. ISBN 1872465315. 
  12. ^ "Contact Information". Ministry for the Economy, Investment and Small Business. Archived from the original on 26 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Protection of Antiquities Regulations 21st November, 1932 Government Notice 402 of 1932, as Amended by Government Notices 127 of 1935 and 338 of 1939". Malta Environment and Planning Authority. Archived from the original on 20 April 2016. 
  14. ^ a b "Municipal Palace/ Banca Guratale" (PDF). National Inventory of the Cultural Property of the Maltese Islands. 28 December 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 26 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Gazzetta tal-Gvern ta' Malta" (PDF). Government Gazette. 23 January 2015. p. 585. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 November 2016. 
  16. ^ Ciantar, Giovannantonio (1772). Malta illustrata ovvero descrizione di Malta isola del Mare Siciliano e Adriatico (in Italian). Malta. p. 66. 

Media related to Banca Giuratale (Valletta) at Wikimedia Commons


Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Banca_Giuratale_(Valletta)&oldid=841629352"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banca_Giuratale_(Valletta)
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Banca Giuratale (Valletta)"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA