Ban Mueang

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Ban Mueang
บานเมือง
King of Sukhothai
Reign ? – ca 1822 BE (1279/80 CE)[1]
Predecessor Si Inthrathit[2]
Successor Ram Khamhaeng[2]
Died ca 1822 BE (1279/80 CE)[1]
Issue Ngua Nam Thum[3]
House Phra Ruang Dynasty[4]
Father Si Inthrathit[2]
Mother Sueang[2]

Ban Mueang (Thai: บานเมือง) was a king of Sukhothai, an ancient kingdom in Thailand. He was from the House of Phra Ruang.[4]

Name

The name Ban Mueang (Thai: บานเมือง; IPA: [bä̃ːn˧.mɯːä̃ŋ˧]) means "one who delights the nation".[5]

In Thai, the name is usually misspelt as "บาลเมือง", which is pronounced the same and means "one who protects the nation".[4][5]

He is merely referred to as Ban (บาน) in the Pu Khun Chit Khun Chot Inscription (Inscription 45), created in 1935 BE (1392/93 CE).[6]

Life

He was the second son of King Si Inthrathit of Sukhothai and his wife, Sueang.[7] He succeeded his father to the throne of Sukhothai in an unknown year and reigned until his death, which occurred around 1822 BE (1279/80 CE).[1]

The Ram Khamhaeng Inscription (Inscription 1), which was allegedly created in 1835 BE (1292/93 CE) and contains an autobiography of his younger brother, Ram Khamhaeng,[8] states:[9]

My father was named Si Inthrathit. My mother was named Lady Sueang. My elder brother was named Ban Mueang. There were five of us born from the same womb: three boys and two girls. My eldest brother died when he was still a child. [...] In my father's lifetime, I served my father and I served my mother. When I caught any game or fish, I brought them to my brother. When I picked any acid or sweet fruits that were delicious and good to eat, I brought them to my father. When I went hunting elephants and caught some, either by lasso or by driving them into a corral, I brought them to my father. When I raided a town or village and captured elephants, men and women, silver or gold, I turned them over to my father. When my father died, my elder brother was still alive. I served him steadfastly as I had served my father. When my elder brother died, I got the whole kingdom for myself.

Ban Mueang is also mentioned in the Pu Khun Chit Khun Chot Inscription which describes the lineage of the House of Phra Ruang.[6]

As stated by both inscriptions, Ban Mueang was, upon his death, succeeded by his younger brother, Ram Khamhaeng.[1]

A historical document, Jinakalamali, states that Ban Mueang had a son, Ngua Nam Thum, who later became a king of Sukhothai.[3]

A great-great-grandchild of Ban Mueang was named after Ban Mueang according to the ancient custom of naming a baby after its ancestor.[10] The great-great-grandchild also ascended the throne of Sukhothai as Mahathammaracha IV.[11]

References

Bibliography

  • Chulalongkorn University (1984). "Silacharuek Phokhun Ram Khamhaeng Dan Thi Nueng" ศิลาจารึกพ่อขุนรามคำแหง ด้านที่ ๑ [King Ram Khamhaeng's Inscription, Face 1]. Bangkok: Ramkhamhaeng University. Retrieved 2015-09-03. 
  • Na Nakhon, Prasoet (2006). Prawattisat Bettalet ประวัติศาสตร์เบ็ดเตล็ด [Historical Miscellanea] (in Thai). Bangkok: Matichon. ISBN 9743236007. 
  • Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Foundation (2011). Namanukrom Phramahakasat Thai นามานุกรมพระมหากษัตริย์ไทย [Directory of Thai Kings] (in Thai). Bangkok: Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Foundation. ISBN 9786167308258. 
  • SAC (2006). "Charuek Phokhun Ram Khamhaeng" จารึกพ่อขุนรามคำแหง [King Ram Khamhaeng's Inscription]. Thai Inscriptions Database (in Thai). Bangkok: SAC. Retrieved 2015-09-03. 
  • SAC (2006). "Charuek Pu Khun Chit Khun Chot" จารึกปู่ขุนจิดขุนจอด [Pu Khun Chit Khun Chot Inscription]. Thai Inscriptions Database (in Thai). Bangkok: SAC. Retrieved 2015-09-03. 
  • Mahāwitthayālai Sukhōthaithammāthirāt; Khrōngkān Sūn Sukhōthaisưksā. (1996). Sārānukrom Sukhōthaisưksā สารานุกรมสุโขทัยศึกษา (เล่ม ๒ ฝ–ฮ) [Sukhothai Studies Encyclopedia (Volume 2: Letters Fo–Ho)] (in Thai). Bangkok: Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University. ISBN 9789746149372. 
  • Wongthes, Sujit (1983). Sukhothai Mai Chai Ratchathani Haeng Raek Khong Thai สุโขทัยไม่ใช่ราชธานีแห่งแรกของไทย [Sukhothai is not the first Thai kingdom] (in Thai). Bangkok: Matichon. ISBN 9748350363. 
Ban Mueang
Born:  ? Died: ca 1822 BE (1279/80 CE)
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Si Inthrathit
King of Sukhothai
? – ca 1822 BE (1279/80 CE)
Succeeded by
Ram Khamhaeng
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