Ballardong

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Noongar language groups

Ballardong are an indigenous Noongar people of the south western area of Western Australia.

Country

The Ballardong's land encompassed an estimated 10,500 square miles (27,000 km2). Northwards they occupied the Avon River. From York, To the east they extended to Tammin, Kununoppin, Waddouring Hill, and Bencubbin, Toodyay, Goomalling, the Wongan Hills. On their southern flank lay Pingelly and Wickepin. Their western frontier was at the Darling Scarp.[1]

Economy

The Ballardong engaged in mining, quarrying stones to be shaped and sharpened for knives and multibarbed spears at Kalannie Boyangoora, Booyungur.

Alternative names

  • Balardong
  • Balladong, Ballardon
  • Ballerdokking
  • Waljuk
  • Warrangul, Warrangle ("kangaroo country". This ethnonym was also applied to the Koreng)
  • Warranger
  • Toode-nunjer (a coastal exonym for the Ballardong, properly, Tu:denyunga (Toodyay men))
  • Boijangura, Boyangoora, Booyungur (hill people)
  • Maiawongi (language name)
  • Mudila, Mudilja, Mudi:a (general Kalamaia exonym for the Ballardong and other uncircumcised tribes to their southwest).
  • Minang ("south", used by the Kalamaia of the Ballardong and other southern tribes' languages) Boyangoora, Booyungur

Some words

  • maman (father)
  • unkan (mother)
  • doorda (tame dog)
  • yockine )wild dog)
  • chungar (whiteman)[2]

Notes

Citations

  1. ^ Tindale 1974, pp. 239–240.
  2. ^ Hackett 1886, p. 344.

Sources

  • "AIATSIS map of Indigenous Australia". AIATSIS.
  • "Tindale Tribal Boundaries" (PDF). Department of Aboriginal Affairs, Western Australia. September 2016.
  • Gilchrist, J. (1886). "The Perth Tribe" (PDF). In Curr, Edward Micklethwaite (ed.). The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia and the routes by which it spread itself over the continent. Volume 1. Melbourne: J. Ferres. pp. 332–335.
  • Hackett, D.E. (1886). "The York District" (PDF). In Curr, Edward Micklethwaite (ed.). The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia and the routes by which it spread itself over the continent. Volume 1. Melbourne: J. Ferres. pp. 342–345.
  • Nind, Scott (1831). "Description of the Natives of King George's Sound (Swan River Colony) and Adjoining Country". Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London. 1: 21–51. JSTOR 1797657.
  • Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Balardong (WA)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University.
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