Bahá'í timeline

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The following is a basic timeline of the Bábí and Bahá'í religions emphasizing dates that are relatively well known. For a more comprehensive chronology of the timeline, see the references at the bottom.






  • Shaykh Ahmad dies and Siyyid Kázim is appointed leader of the Shaykhi sect.


  • Mírzá Muhammad Ridá, the Father of the Báb, dies. The Báb is placed in the care of his maternal uncle, Hají Mirzá Siyyid 'Alí



1844 AD / 1 BE

  • The Báb's first religious experience, witnessed by his wife, is dated to about the evening of April 3.[2]
  • (1260 AH), May 22, evening, the Báb declares his mission to Mulla Husayn in Shiraz, Iran.
  • May 22-3, overnight, `Abdu'l-Bahá is born to Navváb and Bahá'u'lláh.
  • By late Sept. Bahá'u'lláh accepts the Bábí religion.[3]

1845 AD / 2 BE

  • September, restrictions are enforced on the Báb's movement within Shiraz after he declares himself to be the Mahdi publicly.
  • Government reports initiate coverage in the West first mentions the arrest and imprisonment of Mullá 'Alíy-i-Bastámí of the Bábí religion. It was published in The Times of London November 1 and several times thereafter.[4]

1846 / 3 BE

  • Bahíyyih Khánum is born to Navváb and Bahá'u'lláh.
  • September, the Báb leaves Shiraz for Isfahan.[5]

1847 / 4 BE

1848 / 5 BE

  • Mírzá Mihdí is born to Navváb and Bahá'u'lláh.
  • Munirih Khánum, wife of 'Abdu'l-Bahá is born in Isfahan to prominent Bábís of the city.
  • March 20, Mullá Husayn visits the Báb in Maku
  • April 10, the Báb is moved to the prison of Chihriq, due to his growing influence in Maku. He was largely kept there until a few days before his execution.
  • June - July, the Conference of Badasht was held.[6]
  • July, during public interrogation at Tabriz the Báb makes a dramatic public declaration. He is returned to Chihriq.
  • July 21, Mullá Husayn hoists the Black Standard and marches with 202 other Bábís to Mashhad.
  • October 10, Mullá Husayn and a host of other Bábís are besieged at fort Tabarsi.
  • October 20, Quddús arrives at fort Tabarsí.

1849 AD / 6 BE

1850 AD / 7 BE

  • July 9, the Báb is publicly executed in Tabriz.
  • Brief newspaper coverage of the Bábí religion reaches several newspapers in Britain and the United States in the autumn.[7]

1851 AD / 7-8 BE

Dr. Rev. Austin Wright sent materials of the Báb and a letter/paper about events related to the religion to the American Oriental Society - he wrote the letter February 1851 and it was published June.[8] The letter/paper was published in June a Vermont newspaper as well.[9] Some of it was also translated into German by his supervisor, Rev. Justin Perkins, and was thought for many years to have not been published in English though even in its German form Wright had been named as the first person to write a paper on the Bábí-Bahá'í period.[10]:pp.10,73

1852 AD / 9 BE

1853 / 9 BE

  • January 12, Bahá'u'lláh is exiled from Tehran to Baghdad.

1854 / 11 BE

  • April 10, Bahá'u'lláh retreats to the Sulaymaniyah mountains within Kurdistan due to a rising tensions between Mírzá Yahyá and himself.
  • Henry Aaron Stern (1820-1885) published a boot that mentions "Baba, the Persian socialist" for a couple pages.[14][10]:pp.14–15

1856 / 13 BE

  • After being discovered in Kurdistan, Bahá'u'lláh returns to Baghdad, at the request of `Abdu'l-Bahá.
  • Mary Sheil and Sir Justin Sheil publish Glimpses of the Life and Manners in Persia which has a section on Bábísm of some 14 pages.[15][10]:pp.5,8,15

1857 / 14 BE

1860 / 17 BE

1861 / 18 BE

1862 / 19 BE

  • May 10, the Persian ambassador requests that the Ottomans move the Bábís farther from Persia.

1863 / 20 BE

  • April 21, Bahá'u'lláh declares himself to be He whom God shall make manifest in the Garden of Ridván in Baghdad on the eve of his exile to Constantinople (Istanbul). (13 Jalal 20 BE)
  • December 12, Bahá'u'lláh is exiled into formal confinement in Adrianople (Edirne) after four months in Constantinople. (1 Masa'il 20 BE)

1865 / 22 BE

1867 / 24 BE

  • 53 Bahá'ís in Baghdad on March 16, 1867 petitioned the United States Congress for assistance for Bahá'u'lláh's release and for assistance for the Bahá'ís in general.[16]
  • Bahá'u'lláh begins writing and sending his Tablets to the Kings.

1868 / 25 BE

  • August 5, Bahá'u'lláh and a large group of followers are sent from Edirne to the penal colony of Akká, Palestine (now Acre, Israel).
  • August 31, Bahá'u'lláh arrives in `Akká.

1869 / 26 BE

1870 / 27 BE

1873 / 30 BE

1886 / 43 BE

  • Navváb dies.
  • Abdu'l-Bahá writes the original Arabic text of Traveller's Narrative later translated and published in 1891.

1889 / 46 BE

  • February 25, E.G. Browne mentions the Bahá'í Faith as part of a series academic talks and papers through 1889 in England.

1890 / 47 BE

E. G. Browne, a famed Cambridge orientalist interviewed Bahá’u’lláh and was His guest at Bahjí from 15 April to 20 April 1890. Browne was the only Westerner to meet Bahá’u’lláh and leave an account of his experience. In Browne's 1893 publication entitled A Year Among the Persians, he wrote a sympathetic portrayal of Persian society. After his death in 1926 it was reprinted and became a classic in English travel literature. Browne described Baha'u'llah as, "The face of Him on Whom I gazed, I can never forget, though I cannot describe it. Those piercing eyes seemed to read one’s very soul; power and authority sat on that ample brow… No need to ask in whose presence I stood, as I bowed myself before one who is the object of a devotion and love which kings might envy and emperors sigh for in vain..."[17]

1892 / 49 BE

  • May 29, Bahá'u'lláh dies, his mortal remains are placed in a Shrine dedicated to him next to the Mansion of Bahjí where he spent his final years. In his will he appointed 'Abdu'l-Bahá to be his successor and head of the Bahá'í Faith.

1893 / 50 BE

1894 / 51 BE

  • Thornton Chase is the first of five Bahá'ís in the United States this year

1897 / 54 BE

  • March 1, Shoghi Effendi, the great-grandson of Bahá'u'lláh, is born.

1898 / 55 BE

  • The first Western pilgrims arrive in `Akká, including Phoebe Hearst and the first African-American believer, Robert Turner.

1900 / 58 BE

Sarah Farmer, founder of Green Acre Bahá'í School, meets `Abdu'l-Bahá and converts.

1901 / 59 BE

1903 / 60 BE

1908 / 65 BE

  • September, `Abdu'l-Bahá is released from a lifetime of exile and imprisonment at 64 years of age.

1909 / 66 BE

  • March 21, the mortal remains of the Báb are laid to rest in the Shrine of the Báb after 59 years in hiding.

1910 / 67 BE

1911 / 68 BE

1912 / 69 BE

1916 / 73 BE

1917 / 74 BE

  • `Abdu'l-Bahá writes six more Tablets of the Divine Plan.

1918 / 75 BE

1920 / 76 BE

  • April 27, `Abdu'l-Bahá is knighted by the British Empire in recognition of his humanitarian work during WWI.

1921 / 77 BE




1944 AD / 101 BE

  • Shoghi Effendi releases God Passes By to mark the 100th anniversary of the Bahá'í dispensation, which commenced with the Declaration of the Bab in 1844 AD / 1 BE.




  • November 4, Shoghi Effendi dies without children and without appointing a successor Guardian. The temporary role of 'Head of the Faith' is taken up by 27 Hands of the Cause with plans to complete the Ten Year Crusade and elect the Universal House of Justice.


  • Hand-of-the-Cause Mason Remey starts a schism by claiming to be Effendi's successor Guardian. The other living Hands of the Cause and almost all of the Baha'i community reject his claim, but a few Baha'is accept it, and thus there is a schism. The two groups excommunicate each other.


  • A wave of persecution of Bahá'ís in Morocco ends in mid April with a royal pardon against death sentences for being Bahá'í in Morocco after months of diplomatic newspaper.[20] and television coverage in the United States.[21]
  • April 21, the first Bahá'í World Congress takes place in London. The first Universal House of Justice is elected by representatives of 56 National Spiritual Assemblies gathered in Haifa, in synchronization with the end of the Ten Year Crusade and the centenary of the Declaration of Bahá'u'lláh in the Garden of Ridván.[22][23]


  • Second election of the Universal House of Justice


  • Third election of the Universal House of Justice


  • Fourth election of the Universal House of Justice




  • October, the Universal House of Justice publishes The Promise of World Peace



  • Sixth election of the Universal House of Justice


  • April 21, a Holy year begins marking the centenary of the death of Bahá'u'lláh.
  • November 22 - 26th, the second Bahá'í World Congress takes place in New York.
  • The Ruhi Institute reaches a milestone in development as a formal organization, although its efforts have been evolving since the 1970s by the FUNDAEC Foundation.

1993 AD / 150 BE

  • March 21, the Kitáb-i-Aqdas is released in English with notes, question and answers, supplementary materials and synopsis and codification. (1 Baha 150 BE)
  • Seventh election of the Universal House of Justice


  • Eighth election of the Universal House of Justice


  • January 19, Rúhíyyih Khanum dies, representing the last remnant of the family of Bahá'u'lláh who remained loyal to Shoghi Effendi and the Universal House of Justice.



  • Ninth election of the Universal House of Justice



  • The Universal House of Justice announced the convocation in October of a series of 41 regional conferences around the world which finished by March 2009.[24]
  • Tenth election of the Universal House of Justice


  • Eleventh election of the Universal House of Justice

Further reading

  • Chronology of Persecutions of Babis and Baha'is compiled by Jonah Winters, 1998

See also


  1. ^ Nabíl-i-Zarandí 1932, pp. 2-19.
  2. ^ Afnan & Rabbani 2008, pp. 20–22.
  3. ^ Cameron & Momen 1996, p. 19.
  4. ^ Momen 1999.
  5. ^ a b Perkins 1987, p. 212.
  6. ^ Amanat 1989, p. 324.
  7. ^ Bahá'í Library Online 2010.
  8. ^ "American Oriental Society". The Literary World. New Haven, CT.: American Oriental Society: 470. June 14, 1851 [Feb 18, 1851]. Retrieved March 15, 2015. (registration required)
  9. ^ "A new Prophet" (PDF). Green Mountain Freeman. 8 (26). Montpelier, Vermont. June 26, 1851. p. 1 (5th col mid, 6th col top). Retrieved March 12, 2015. 
  10. ^ a b c Momen, Moojan (1981), The Babi and Baha'i Religions, 1844-1944: Some Contemporary Western Accounts, Oxford, England: George Ronald, ISBN 0-85398-102-7 
  11. ^ The Attempted Assassination of Nasir al Din Shah in 1852: Millennialism and violence, by Moojan Momen, 2011
  12. ^ The Attempted Assassination of Nasir al Din Shah in 1852: Millennialism and Violence, by Moojan Momen, 2011
  13. ^ Momen, Moojan (August 2008). "Millennialism and Violence: The Attempted Assassination of Nasir al-Din Shah of Iran by the Babis in 1852". Nova Religio: The Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions. 12 (1): 57–82. doi:10.1525/nr.2008.12.1.57. JSTOR 10.1525/nr.2008.12.1.57. 
  14. ^ Henry Aaron Stern (1854). Dawnings of light in the East. Purday. pp. 261–262. 
  15. ^ lady Mary Leonora Woulfe Sheil; Sir Justin Sheil (1856). Glimpses of Life and Manners in Persia. J. Murray. pp. 176–81, 273–82. 
  16. ^ Stauffer 1997.
  17. ^ Shoghi Effendi 1944, pp. 194-5.
  18. ^ Hainsworth nd.
  19. ^ Lambden 1999.
  20. ^ The Harvard Crimson 1963.
  21. ^ Rutstein 2008.
  22. ^ Francis 2004.
  23. ^ Smith 1999, pp. 109–110.
  24. ^ Bahá’í International Community 2009.


  • Adamson, Hugh C. (2006). Historical Dictionary of the Bahá'í Faith. Oxford, UK: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0810864673. 
  • Afnan, Mirza Habibu'llah; Rabbani, Ahang (translator) (2008). The Genesis of the Bâbí-Bahá'í Faiths in Shíráz and Fárs. BRILL. ISBN 90-04-17054-5. 
  • Amanat, Abbas (1989). Resurrection and Renewal. 124 Roberts Place, Ithica, New York 14850: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-2098-9. 
  • "Regional Conferences of the Five Year Plan". Bahá’í International Community. 2009. Retrieved 2 February 2012. 
  • "Early mention of Bábís in western newspapers, summer 1850". Bahá'í Library Online. 17 September 2010 [Autumn 1850]. Retrieved 2 February 2012. 
  • Cameron, Glenn; Momen, Wendy (1996). A Basic Bahá'í Chronology. Oxford, UK: George Ronald. ISBN 0-85398-404-2. 
  • Effendi, Shoghi (1944). God Passes By. Wilmette, Illinois, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust. ISBN 0-87743-020-9. 
  • Francis, N. Richard (2004). "Excerpts from the lives of early and contemporary believers on teaching the Bahá'í Faith: Enoch Olinga, Hand of the Cause of God, Father of Victories". Archived from the original on 28 February 2008. Retrieved 18 February 2008. 
  • Hainsworth, Philip (2004), "Breakwell, Thomas (1872–1902)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, retrieved 21 November 2010 
  • "Divinity School Members Protest Verdict on Baha'i". The Harvard Crimson. 18 January 1963. Retrieved 6 July 2010. 
  • Lambden, Stephen (1999), "Catastrophe, Armageddon and Millennium: some aspects of the Bábí-Baha'i exegesis of apocalyptic symbolism", Baha'i Studies Review, London, retrieved 14 April 2014 
  • Nabíl-i-Zarandí (1932). Shoghi Effendi (Translator), ed. The Dawn-Breakers: Nabíl’s Narrative (Hardcover ed.). Wilmette, Illinois, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust. ISBN 0-900125-22-5. 
  • Momen, Moojan (1999 (online)). "Early Western Accounts of the Babi and Baha'i Faiths". Encyclopedia articles. Bahá'í Library Online. Retrieved 2012-02-02.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  • Perkins, Mary (1987). Hour of the Dawn. Oxford: George Ronald. 
  • Rutstein, Nathan (2008). From a Gnat to an Eagle: The Story of Nathan Rutstein. US Baha'i Publishing Trust. p. 119. ISBN 978-1-931847-46-9. 
  • Smith, Peter (1999). A Concise Encyclopedia of the Bahá'í Faith. Oxford, UK: Oneworld Publications. ISBN 1-85168-184-1. 
  • Stauffer, Robert (Editor) (1997) [1867]. "Petition from the Persian Reformers". Bahá'í Library Online. Retrieved 1-5-2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

External links

  • Bahá'í Library: Chronology of the Bábí and Bahá'í Faiths and related history
  • Compendium on God Passes By
  • A Brief History of the Bahá'í Faith - Website of the Bahá'í Community of Boise, Idaho, U.S.A.
  • Timelines, Genealogies, Chronologies
  • Bahá'i Chronology
  • Bibliography for the Tablets of Baha'u'llah: List of citations and resources for Tablets revealed 1853-1863 (first of four sections)
  • "First Public Mentions of the Bahá'í Faith". Archived from the original on 2008-02-26.  prepared by the Bahá'í Information Office (United Kingdom) for the UK. Bahá'í Centenary 1998-99 and is based on research and articles by Dr Moojan Momen (Bahá'í Journal, September 1989) and Derek Cockshutt (Bahá'í Journal, March 1993).
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