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Community development block
Bagdah is located in West Bengal
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°13′N 88°53′E / 23.22°N 88.88°E / 23.22; 88.88Coordinates: 23°13′N 88°53′E / 23.22°N 88.88°E / 23.22; 88.88
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
 • Type Community development block
 • Total 233.05 km2 (89.98 sq mi)
Elevation 13 m (43 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 242,974
 • Density 1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
 • Official Bengali, English
Literacy (2011)
 • Total literates 164,283 (75.30%)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

743232 (Bagdah)
743297 (Sindrani)

(Helencha Colony)
Telephone/STD code 03215
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-23, WB-24, WB-25, WB-26
Lok Sabha constituency Bangaon
Vidhan Sabha constituency Bagda

Bagdah (also spelled Bagda) is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Bangaon subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Bagdah police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Bagdah. It is located 73 km from Barasat, the district headquarters.



Bagdah is located at 23°13′N 88°53′E / 23.22°N 88.88°E / 23.22; 88.88.

Bagdah CD Block is bounded by Maheshpur Upazila in Jhenaidaha District, Chaugachha Upazila and Sharsha Upazila in Jessore District of Bangladesh in the north and east, Bangaon CD Block in the south and Hanskhali and Ranaghat II CD Blocks in Nadia district in the west.[1]


Bagdah community development block has an area of 233.05 km2.[2]

Physical features

North 24 Parganas district is part of the Gangetic delta, lying east of the Hooghly River. The country is flat. It is a little raised above flood level and the highest ground borders the river channels. The rivers in the district were formerly distributaries of the Ganges but their mouths have long been filled up and blocked. The area is described as a sort of a drowned land broken by swamps. Land in the north-east of the district is higher than that of the rest of the district. The sturdy peasants raise crops of rice, jute and sugarcane from the alluvial soil. There are clumps of palm and fruit trees in which village homesteads nestle. Industrial activity is concentrated in the narrow strip of land along the Hooghly River. The south-eastern part of the district gradually merges into the Sunderbans.[3] Parts of the metropolitan city of Kolkata extend over southern part of the district.

Gram panchayats

Gram panchayats of Bagdah block/ panchayat samiti are: Asharu, Helencha, Malipota, Bagda, Koniara I, Ranghat, Bayra, Koniara II and Sindrani.[4]


As per 2011 Census of India Bagda CD Block had a total population of 242,974, all of which were rural. There were 125,270 (52%) males and 117,704 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 24,801. Scheduled Castes numbered 133,170 (54.81%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 12,960 (5.33%).[5]

At the time of the 2001 census, Bagdah block had a total population of 219,812 out of which 112,595 were males and 107,217 were females. Bagdah block registered a population growth of 15.23 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 22.40 per cent.[2] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[6]

Large villages

Large villages in Bagdah CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Sindrani (9,811), Char Mandalbhag (8,456), Mathabhanga (4,115), Khordda Kulbaria (4,004), Bagdaha (6,424), Mamabhagina (5,144), Helencha (6,375), Karanga (4,398), Parmadan (6,087), Godpukuria (4,586) and Gobindapur (4,525).[5]


As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Bagda CD Block was 164,283 (75.30% of the population over 6 years) out of which 90,492 (55%) were males and 73,791 (45%) were females.[5]

As per 2011 census, literacy in North 24 Parganas district was 84.06 (including urban areas outside the CD Blocks).[7] Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[8] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[8]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate

Language and religion

As per census definition, mother-tongue is the language spoken in childhood by the person’s mother to the person. As a mother-tongue, Bengali has decreased its share from 91.3% of the population of North Twenty Four Parganas district in 1961 to 87.9% in 2001, Hindi has increased its share from 5.0% in 1961 to 8.3% in 2001, Urdu has increased its share from 2.0% in 1961 to 2.5% in 2001. Other mother-tongues spoken in 2001 were Odiya (0.4%), Telugu (0.2%), Santhali (0.1%), Nepali (0.1%), Bhojpuri (0.1%) and Sadan/ Sadri (0.1%).[9]

Religion in Bagda CD Block

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 199,249 and formed 82.00% of the population in Bagda CD Block. Muslims numbered 42,318 and formed 17.42% of the population. Others numbered 1,407 and formed 0.58% of the population.[10]

In 1981 Hindus numbered 116,584 and formed 82.1% of the population and Muslims numbered 25,011 and formed 17.61% of the population. In 1991 Hindus numbered 159,301 and formed 83.51% of the population and Muslims numbered 30,969 and formed 16.24% of the population in Bagada CD Block. (In 1981 and 1991 census was conducted as per jurisdiction of the police station.)[11]

In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 7,352,769 and formed 73.46% of the population in North 24 Parganas district. Muslims numbered 2,584,684 and formed 25.82% of the population.[10] In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[10]

Human Development Report

According to Census 2001, 54% of the population of North 24 Parganas district lived in the urban areas. The district had 1,571 inhabited villages spread over 22 community development blocks. In the urban area there were 27 municipalities, 20 census towns, 7 urban outgrowths and one town under Cantonment Board. The North 24 Parganas district Human Development Report opines that in spite of agricultural productivity in North 24 Parganas district being rather impressive 81.84% of rural population suffered from shortage of food. The number of families living below the poverty line varied widely from block to block. Even in some municipal areas, such as Baduria, Gobardanga, Taki, Basirhat, Bangaon and Habra surveys have revealed large percentage of people living in poverty. Several poverty alleviation schemes are under implementation mostly at the block level. North 24 Parganas district with a population density of 2,192 persons per square km, was the third densest in West Bengal, after Kolkata and Howrah. The high density of population in the district is largely because of large scale migration of refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan, particularly in the period 1947 to 1955. In 2004, life expectancy at birth of a female was 71 years and that of a male was 66 years. With a literacy rate of 68.74% in 2001, the district was second only to Kolkata in the state in literacy. There were 6,139 habitations in the rural areas of North 24 Parganas. Out of these 2,331 habitations have primary schools within the villages and another 3,334 habitations have primary schools within 1 km. There are 474 habitations with primary schools beyond 1 km from the village. There were 258 high schools in the rural areas of the district.[12]

Bagdah CD Block had a population density of 942 persons per km2. It was ranked 19 amongst the 22 CD Blocks for density of population in 2001. It had a literacy rate of 66.59%, ranking of 16. Male literacy rate was 74.12% and female literacy rate was 58.67%. Percentage distribution of main workers in Bagdah CD Block was cultivators 30.84, agricultural labourers 36.23, household industry workers 3.92 and other workers 29.01 (non-agricultural, non-household). 14.56% of households in this CD Block lived below poverty line.[12]

In the Bagdah CD Block 10 villages had secondary schools and for all villages a college was more than 5 km away. Bagdah had 15 high schools with 13,312 students and 212 teachers. It had 7 higher secondary schools with 13,290 students and 205 teachers.[12]

In Bagdah, 70.75% of the villages had electricity for domestic use, 96.23% villages had paved approach roads, 94.34% villages had primary schools, 0.94% of the villages had maternity and child welfare centres, and 100% villages had drinking water. The tube well is the source of drinking water in 1,244 out of 1,572 villages in the district. In Bagdah CD Block, 81 villages had tube wells for drinking water, 20 villages had tap water and 1 village used tank water. Bagdah CD Block had 204 km surfaced roads and 276 km unsurfaced roads.[12]

North 24 Parganas is one of the leading districts in the formation and development of self-help groups. In Bagdah there were 1,025 such groups. The major activities done by these groups were poultry, animal-husbandry, machine-embroidery and tailoring. Bagdah CD Block had 4 health centres and 35 sub-centres.[12]


Bagdah block is one of the areas where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination.[13]


  1. ^ "North 24 Parganas District". Map Gallery – CD Blocks. North 24 Parganas district administration. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Census of India 2001, Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal, Table - 4". North Twenty Four Parganas District (11). Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2010-10-25. 
  3. ^ LSS O’Malley. "Bengal District Gazetteers: 24 Parganas". p 1-4. Google Books. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
  4. ^ From Bangaon subdivision page.
  5. ^ a b c "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  6. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  7. ^ "District Census 2011". Population Census 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  8. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  9. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 50: Mother-tongue. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 16 April 2018. 
  10. ^ a b c "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "Block Level Statistics of North 24 Parganas District" (PDF). Handbook 2004. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). Intro Pp 3, 6, 8, 22, 38, 202; Block specific Pp 20, 22, 27, 28, 31, 86, 89, 123, 145, 151, 189. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2016. 
  13. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Groundwater arsenic contamination status of North 24-Parganas district, one of the nine arsenic affected districts of West Bengal-India. SOES. Retrieved 2011-02-17. 
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