Baby, It's Cold Outside

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"Baby, It's Cold Outside"
Song
Written 1944
Songwriter(s) Frank Loesser

"Baby, It's Cold Outside" is a popular song written by Frank Loesser in 1944. It is a call and response duet in which a host, usually performed by a male voice, tries to convince a guest, usually performed by a female voice, that she should stay the evening because the weather is cold and the trip home would be difficult. While the lyrics make no mention of any holiday, it is popularly regarded as a Christmas song due to its winter theme.

Loesser wrote the song for his wife and himself to perform at parties. He sold the song to MGM, which used it for the 1949 film Neptune's Daughter. It was sung by Esther Williams and Ricardo Montalbán and won the Academy Award. Since 1949 it has been covered by many singers, including Ray Charles, Michael Bublé, and Dolly Parton.

History

During the 1940s, when Hollywood celebrities attended parties, they were expected to perform. In 1944, Frank Loesser wrote "Baby, It's Cold Outside" for his wife, Lynn Garland, and himself to sing at a housewarming party in New York City at the Navarro Hotel. They sang the song to indicate to guests that it was time to leave. Loesser often introduced himself as the "evil of two Loessers" because of the role he played in the song.[1]

Garland wrote that after the first performance, "We become instant parlor room stars. We got invited to all the best parties for years on the basis of 'Baby.' It was our ticket to caviar and truffles. Parties were built around our being the closing act." In 1948, after years of performing the song, Loesser sold it to MGM for the 1949 romantic comedy Neptune's Daughter. Garland was furious. She wrote, "I felt as betrayed as if I'd caught him in bed with another woman."[1]

In the film, "Baby, It's Cold Outside" was sung by Esther Williams and Ricardo Montalbán, then by Betty Garrett and Red Skelton, who reversed the roles. The song won the Academy Award.[2][3]

Lyrics

The lyrics in this duet are designed to be heard as a conversation between two people, identified as "mouse" (usually female) and "wolf" (usually male) on the printed score; they are at the wolf's home and the mouse decides it is time to go home, but the wolf flirtatiously invites the mouse to stay as it is late and "it's cold outside." The mouse states that he/she has enjoyed the time and agrees at one point to another drink, but the mouse also says "the answer is no" and tries to return home, worried what family and neighbors will think.[4] Every line in the song features a statement from the mouse followed by a response from the wolf, which is musically known as a call and response song.

Although some critical analyses of the song have highlighted parts of the lyrics such as "What's in this drink?" and the wolf's unrelenting pressure for the mouse to stay in spite of her repeated suggestions that she should go home,[5] others have noted that cultural expectations of the time period were such that women were not socially permitted to spend the night with a boyfriend or fiancé, and that the mouse states that she wants to stay, while "What's in this drink?" was a common idiom of the period used to rebuke social expectations by blaming one's actions on the influence of alcohol.[5][6]

In at least one published version the tempo of the song is given as "Loesserando", a humorous reference to the composer's name.[7]

1949 recordings

Other recordings

Year Performer Work Source
1951 Louis Armstrong and Velma Middleton Satchmo at Pasadena [13]
1955 Eddie Fisher and June Hutton Eddie Fisher Sings Academy Award Winning Songs [14]
1957 Sammy Davis Jr. and Carmen McRae Boy Meets Girl [15][16]
1959 Jack Marshall Soundsville! [17]
1959 Dean Martin A Winter Romance [18]
1961 Ray Charles and Betty Carter Ray Charles and Betty Carter [19]
1964 Al Hirt and Ann-Margret Beauty and the Beard [20]
1964 Steve Lawrence and Eydie Gorme That Holiday Feeling! [21]
1966 Henry Mancini The Academy Award Songs [22]
1972 Rod McKuen and Liesbeth List [23]
1990 Barry Manilow and K. T. Oslin Because It's Christmas [24]
1991 Bette Midler and James Caan For the Boys [25]
1992 Robert Palmer and Carnie Wilson Ridin' High [26]
1994 Nancy LaMott and Michael Feinstein Just in Time for Christmas [27]
1995 Lou Rawls and Dianne Reeves Jazz to the World [28]
1996 Vanessa Williams and Bobby Caldwell Star Bright [29]
1999 Tom Jones and Cerys Matthews Reload [30]
2000 Tom Wopat and Antonia Bennett The Still of the Night [31]
2001 Suzy Bogguss and Delbert McClinton Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas [32]
2000 Holly Cole Baby, It's Cold Outside [33]
2002 Brian Setzer and Ann-Margret Boogie Woogie Christmas [34]
2002 Lee Ann Womack and Harry Connick Jr. The Season for Romance [35]
2003 Zooey Deschanel and Leon Redbone Elf [36]
2004 Jessica Simpson and Nick Lachey ReJoyce: The Christmas Album [37]
2004 Rod Stewart and Dolly Parton Stardust: The Great American Songbook, Volume III [38]
2004 James Taylor and Natalie Cole A Christmas Album [39]
2008 Anne Murray and Michael Bublé Anne Murray's Christmas Album [40]
2009 Lady Antebellum Country for Christmas [41]
2009 Willie Nelson and Norah Jones American Classic [42]
2010 Chris Colfer and Darren Criss Glee: The Music, The Christmas Album [43]
2011 Haley Reinhart and Casey Abrams [44]
2011 She & Him A Very She & Him Christmas [45]
2012 Colbie Caillat and Gavin DeGraw Christmas in the Sand [46]
2012 Rita Coolidge A Rita Coolidge Christmas [47]
2012 Cee Lo Green and Christina Aguilera Cee Lo's Magic Moment [48]
2012 Lyle Lovett and Kat Edmonson Release Me [49]
2013 Kelly Clarkson and Ronnie Dunn Wrapped in Red [50]
2013 Jimmy Fallon and Cecily Strong Saturday Night Live [51][52]
2013 Lady Gaga and Joseph Gordon-Levitt Lady Gaga and the Muppets Holiday Spectacular [53]
2013 Martina McBride and Dean Martin The Classic Christmas Album [54]
2014 Connie Britton and Will Chase Christmas with Nashville [55]
2014 Seth MacFarlane and Sara Bareilles Holiday for Swing [56]
2014 Idina Menzel and Michael Bublé Holiday Wishes [57]
2014 Darius Rucker and Sheryl Crow Home for the Holidays [58]
2014 Virginia to Vegas and Alyssa Reid [59]
2016 Garth Brooks and Trisha Yearwood Christmas Together [60]
2016 Jimmy Buffett and Nadirah Shakoor 'Tis the SeaSon [61]
2016 Brett Eldredge and Meghan Trainor Glow [62]
2016 John Farnham and Olivia Newton-John Friends for Christmas [63]
2016 Amy Grant and Vince Gill Tennessee Christmas [64]
2017 Fantasia and CeeLo Green Christmas After Midnight [65]
2017 Kelley Jakle and Shelley Regner Pitch Perfect 3 [66]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Loesser, Susan (1993). A Most Remarkable Fella: Frank Loesser and the Guys and Dolls in His Life, A Portrait by His Daughter. Hal Leonard. pp. 79–81. ISBN 1-55611-364-1.
  2. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 134. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
  3. ^ Inman, Davis (19 December 2011). "Ray Charles and Betty Carter, "Baby, It's Cold Outside"". American Songwriter. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  4. ^ Riis, Thomas Laurence (January 1, 2008). Frank Loesser. Yale University Press. pp. 71–73. ISBN 0300110510.
  5. ^ a b Marya Hannun (December 19, 2014). "'Baby It's Cold Outside' was once an anthem for progressive women. What happened?". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
  6. ^ "Listening While Feminist: In Defense of 'Baby, It's Cold Outside'". Persophone Magazine. December 6, 2010.
  7. ^ Feinstein, Michael (June 29, 2010). "Fresh Air Celebrates Frank Loesser's 100th Birthday43". Wbur.org. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
  8. ^ "Pearl Bailey And Hot Lips Page - Baby, It's Cold Outside / The Huckle-Buck". Discogs.com. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d Whitburn, Joel (1973). Top Pop Records 1940–1955. Record Research.
  10. ^ Loesser, Lynn & Loesser, Frank (December 16, 2017). "Baby It's Cold Outside". Retrieved December 16, 2017 – via Internet Archive.
  11. ^ "Homer And Jethro With June Carter – Baby, It's Cold Outside (With Apologies To Frank Loesser)". Discogs.com. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  12. ^ "Esther Williams (2), Ricardo Montalban – Baby, It's Cold Outside/My Heart Beats Faster". Discogs.com. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  13. ^ Campbell, Al. "Satchmo at Pasadena". AllMusic. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  14. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "Eddie Fisher Sings Academy Award Winning Songs". AllMusic. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  15. ^ "Boy Meets Girl: Sammy Davis, Jr. and Carmen McRae". SammyDavisJr.info. Retrieved December 16, 2017.
  16. ^ "'Baby, It's Cold Outside': You choose the best version". Retrieved December 16, 2017.
  17. ^ "Soundsville". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  18. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "A Winter Romance". AllMusic. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  19. ^ Ginell, Richard S. "Ray Charles & Betty Carter". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  20. ^ "Beauty and the Beard". AllMusic. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  21. ^ Denning, Mark. "That Holiday Feeling!". AllMusic. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  22. ^ Adams, Greg. "The Academy Award Songs". AllMusic. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  23. ^ "Rod McKuen & Liesbeth List – Baby It's Cold Outside (Vinyl)". Discogs.com. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  24. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "Because It's Christmas". AllMusic. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  25. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "For the Boys". AllMusic. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  26. ^ "Ridin' High (Robert Palmer album)". Wikipedia. 2018-02-01.
  27. ^ Batdorf, Rodney. "Just in Time for Christmas". AllMusic. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  28. ^ Yanow, Scott. "Jazz to the World". AllMusic. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  29. ^ Haney, Shawn M. "Star Bright". AllMusic. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  30. ^ Wolff, Carlo. "Reload". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  31. ^ Widran, Jonathan. "The Still of the Night". AllMusic. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  32. ^ "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas". AllMusic. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  33. ^ "Baby, It's Cold Outside". AllMusic. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  34. ^ Horowitz, Hal. "Boogie Woogie Christmas". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  35. ^ Widran, Jonathan. "The Season for Romance". AllMusic. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  36. ^ Phares, Heather. "Elf". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  37. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "ReJoyce: The Christmas Album". AllMusic. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  38. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Stardust: The Great American Songbook, Vol. 3". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  39. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "A Christmas Album". AllMusic. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  40. ^ Sterling, Todd. "Anne Murray's Christmas Album". AllMusic. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  41. ^ "Baby, It's Cold Outside". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  42. ^ Roach, Pemberton. "American Classic". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  43. ^ "Hot 100: Week of December 25, 2010". Billboard. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
  44. ^ Gunter, Barrie (July 24, 2014). "I Want to Change My Life: Can Reality TV Competition Shows Trigger Lasting Career Success?". Cambridge Scholars Publishing – via Google Books.
  45. ^ Monger, James Christopher. "A Very She & Him Christmas". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  46. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Christmas in the Sand". AllMusic. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  47. ^ Leggett, Steve. "A Rita Coolidge Christmas". AllMusic. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  48. ^ Kellman, Andy. "CeeLo's Magic Moment". AllMusic. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  49. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Release Me". AllMusic. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  50. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Wrapped in Red". AllMusic. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  51. ^ McGlynn, Katla (December 22, 2013). "Their Version Of 'Baby It's Cold Outside' Is So Much Better". The Huffington Post. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  52. ^ "Jimmy Fallon's 'Baby It's Cold Outside' SNL Duet Has Hilariously Cold Modern Twist". Mediaite. December 22, 2013. Archived from the original on December 24, 2013. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
  53. ^ "Watch Lady Gaga & Tony Bennett Sing Gorgeous 'Baby It's Cold Outside' Duet in New Commercial". Billboard. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
  54. ^ Leggett, Steve. "The Classic Christmas Album". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  55. ^ Jurek, Thom. "Christmas with Nashville". AllMusic. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  56. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Holiday for Swing!". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  57. ^ "Adult Contemporary". Billboard. December 20, 2014. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
  58. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Home for the Holidays". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  59. ^ "Chart Search Virginia to Vegas". Billboard. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
  60. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Christmas Together". AllMusic. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  61. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "'Tis the SeaSon". AllMusic. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  62. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Glow". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  63. ^ "Friends for Christmas". AllMusic. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  64. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Tennessee Christmas". AllMusic. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  65. ^ "Christmas After Midnight". AllMusic. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  66. ^ Donelson, Marcy. "Pitch Perfect 3 [Original Motion Picture Soundtrack]". AllMusic. Retrieved 29 October 2018.

External links

  • Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
  • 27 Takes On Frank Loesser's 'Baby, It's Cold Outside' Broadwayworld
  • Is 'Baby, It's Cold Outside' About Date Rape? Snopes. Includes 1949 recording by the Loessers
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