Avigliana

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Avigliana
Comune
Città di Avigliana
Castello di Avigliana.jpg
Coat of arms of Avigliana
Coat of arms
Avigliana is located in Italy
Avigliana
Avigliana
Location of Avigliana in Italy
Coordinates: 45°5′N 7°24′E / 45.083°N 7.400°E / 45.083; 7.400Coordinates: 45°5′N 7°24′E / 45.083°N 7.400°E / 45.083; 7.400
Country Italy
Region Piedmont
Metropolitan city Turin (TO)
Frazioni Drubiaglio, Milanere, Mortera, Bertassi
Government
 • Mayor Andrea Archinà
Area
 • Total 23.22 km2 (8.97 sq mi)
Elevation 383 m (1,257 ft)
Population (1-1-2017)[1]
 • Total 12,480
 • Density 540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Aviglianese(i)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code 10051
Dialing code 011
Patron saint St. John the Baptist
Saint day June 24
Website Official website

Avigliana (Piedmontese: Vijan-a) is a town and comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Piedmont region or Italy , with 12,480 inhabitants as of January 1, 2017. It lies about 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Turin in the Susa valley, on the highway going from Turin to Frejus, France.

It is best known for two maar lakes, Lago Grande and Lago Piccolo. Also nearby is the massive Sacra di San Michele.

History

In 574 the Lombard King Cleph built a castle here. According to some sources, the battle between the Franks of Pippin the Younger and the Lombards of Aistulf occurred in the nearby in 750. Later Avigliana depended from the Abbey of Novalesa. Later it was a possession of the House of Savoy.

Avigliana was captured by Emperor Henry VI in 1187, but later it was acquired by Thomas I of Savoy. In 1536, in the course of the Italian Wars, it was again stormed by French troops. French attacks repeated in 1630 and 1690, the latter with the destruction of the castle.

Main sights

  • Ruins of the castle, destroyed in the 17th century by the French.
  • Church of San Giovanni, with several works by Defendente Ferrari.
  • the Romanesque church of San Pietro.
  • Natural Park of the Lakes of Avigliana.

Transportation

Avigliana has two gates on the A32 Bardonecchia-Turin motorway. It has also a station on the Turin-Modane railroad.

Twin towns

References

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.

External links

  • Wikisource "Avigliana". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). 1911. p. 53. Official website


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