Aveley

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Aveley
Timeless (St Michael's Aveley) - geograph.org.uk - 36157.jpg
St Michael's, Aveley
Aveley is located in Essex
Aveley
Aveley
Aveley shown within Essex
Population 8,381 
OS grid reference TQ565805
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SOUTH OCKENDON
Postcode district RM15
Dialling code 01708
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Essex
51°30′06″N 0°15′12″E / 51.50177°N 0.25339°E / 51.50177; 0.25339Coordinates: 51°30′06″N 0°15′12″E / 51.50177°N 0.25339°E / 51.50177; 0.25339

Aveley is a small town within the Thurrock unitary authority in Essex, England, and forms one of its traditional Church of England parishes. It is a suburb of London located 16.3 miles (26.2 km) east of Charing Cross in London and within the eastern bounds of the M25 motorway.

Position

Aveley is roughly bounded to the north and west by the London Borough of Havering, to the south by the A13 road and to the east by the M25 motorway. The nearest places are Purfleet, South Ockendon, Wennington and West Thurrock.

Prehistory and history

Aveley has given its name to the Aveley Interglacial period around 200,000 years ago. Important evidence of the local flora and fauna of the period and some signs of occupation by Neanderthal humans have been found there.[1]

In Domesday the names has various spellings – Alvithelea, Alvileia and Alvilea.[2] The name means Aelfgyth's wood clearing.[3] A variation, in 1418, is Alvythele.[4]

John Newton, the author of Amazing Grace, lived in Aveley, which was the home of his father's second wife.[5] Alice Diehl (née Mangold), the novelist and concert pianist, was born in Aveley.

After the Second World War the population grew rapidly as the area absorbed London overspill.

Historic buildings

St Michael's Church

The parish church of St Michael is a Grade 1 listed building dating from the 12th century.[6] It contains a 14th-century memorial brass to Radulphus de Knevynton, which is echoed in the arms of the Thurrock unitary authority. The church was declared unsafe in the 19th century, with the recommendation that it should be pulled down. However, this was averted by its parishioners, who raised £1,000 to save it.[7]

Other listed buildings

Grade 2*[6]

  • Brett's Farmhouse
  • Sir Henry Gurnett public house

Grade 2[6]

  • 79, High Street
  • Crown and Anchor hotel
  • Park Corner House
  • 54 and 56 High Street
  • Courts Farm, Park Lane
  • Court's Farmhouse barn
  • Brett's Farmhouse barn
  • Aveley Hall
The Old Ship

The Old Ship public house at 58 High Street is on the Campaign for Real Ale's National Inventory of Historic Pub Interiors.[8]

Demographics

According to Thurrock Council, the ward of Aveley and Uplands had a population of 8,381 people in 2001.

Sport

Aveley is the home of two non-League football clubs; Aveley, which plays at Parkside, and Thurrock, which plays at Ship Lane.

Belhus golf course is located in Aveley near the site of the former Belhus Mansion. Much of the remaining land from Belhus forms the Belhus Woods Country Park.

Communications

The nearest railway stations are:

Notes

  1. ^ Nick Ashton: Early Humans, New Naturalist series (London: HarperCollins, 2017), pp. 168–70.
  2. ^ Christopher Harrold (Editor), Exploring Thurrock (Thurrock Local History Society, 2008)
  3. ^ James Kemble, Essex Place-Names (Historical Publications, 2007)
  4. ^ Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; National Archives: CP 40/629; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/H5/CP40no629/aCP40no629fronts/IMG_0489.htm; first entry
  5. ^ Lewis, Frank (1976). Essex and Suger. Philimore. p. 51. 
  6. ^ a b c "Appendix 7 to Thurrock Development Plan" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 May 2012. 
  7. ^ "St Michael's, Aveley". 
  8. ^ Brandwood, Geoff (2013). Britain's best real heritage pubs. St. Albans: CAMRA. p. 39. ISBN 9781852493042. 

External links

  • Thurrock Council's Population page
  • Aveley and Newham Band
  • St Michael's Church, Aveley
  • Aveley Church on Essex Churches website
  • Aveley Football Club
  • History of Aveley in 1863 Whites Directory
  • Historic photos of Aveley
  • Aveley in the Domesday Book
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