Augustus Schell

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Augustus Schell
Augustus Schell.jpg
Chairman of the Democratic National Committee
In office
1872–1876
Preceded by August Belmont, Sr.
Succeeded by Abram S. Hewitt
Collector of the Port of New York
In office
1872–1876
Preceded by Heman J. Redfield
Succeeded by Hiram Barney
Chairman of the New York State Democratic Committee
In office
1853–1856
Personal details
Born August 1, 1812
Rhinebeck, New York, U.S.
Died March 27, 1884
New York City, New York, U.S.
Resting place Woodlawn Cemetery
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Anna Mott Fox
Relations Richard Schell (brother)
Parents Christian Schell
Elizabeth Hughes
Alma mater Union College
Litchfield Law School

Augustus Schell (August 1, 1812 – March 27, 1884) was a New York politician and lawyer. He was Chairman of the Democratic National Committee from 1872 to 1876.

Early life

Schell was born on August 1, 1812 in Rhinebeck, New York. He was the son of Christian Schell (1779–1825), a merchant,[1] and Elizabeth (née Hughes) Schell (1783–1866).[2] He was the brother of U.S. Representative Richard Schell (1810–1879), Robert Schell (1815–1900), and Edward Schell (1819–1893), who were well-known business men of New York City.[2]

His paternal grandparents were Richard Schell and Anna (née Schultz) Schell.[2]

He was educated at Rhinebeck Academy and Wesleyan Seminary. He was graduated in 1830 from Union College with Phi Beta Kappa honors and membership in the Kappa Alpha Society,[3] and then studied at Litchfield Law School.[4]

Career

He was admitted to the bar in 1833,[1] and started a practice in New York City at the firm of John Slossom, later forming a firm with Slossom in 1842.[5] He started out as an early expert in the then new field of corporate law and through his profession became active in railroad management. A friend of Cornelius Vanderbilt, he gradually expanded his railroad connections through investments as well as legal counsel.[5]

He was a director in many railroad and financial corporations, including the Harlem Railroad, Lake Shore and Michigan Central, and Hudson River Railroads as well as the Western Union Telegraph Company. He was also active in the management of philanthropic institutions, including 19 years as Chairman of the Executive Committee of the New-York Historical Society.[4][6]

Political career

An active Democrat, he joined Tammany Hall in 1852 where, after William M. Tweed's fall, he succeeded August Belmont, Sr. as Grand Sachem in 1870.[7] He was head of the Democratic state committee from 1853 to 1856. In the 1852, he was proposed as the Democratic candidate for Governor of New York, although he lost the nomination to Horatio Seymour, who was elected Governor.[4]

During the administration of President James Buchanan, he was collector of the Port of New York.[8]

He was chairman of the Democratic National Committee that supported John C. Breckinridge for the presidency in 1860 and also from 1872 to 1876,[9] where he managed Horace Greeley's presidential campaign.[10] In 1872, he was name was again put forth for the nomination for Democratic candidate for Governor, but he was prevented by the work of Samuel Jones Tilden, who was then the Chairman of the New York State Democratic Committee.[5] After the trial of William M. Tweed and his associates, Schell became the Grand Sachem of Tammany Hall and labored for the purification and rehabilitation of the Tammany society.[11] In 1878, he was an unsuccessful candidate for mayor.[4]

Personal life

Schell was married to Anna Mott Fox (1827–1905), the daughter of George Shotwell Fox and Rebecca Leggett Fox.[12] At his death, he was worth several million dollars, but having had no children, he left all of his money to his nieces and nephews,[5] except for $200,000 in cash and his home at 9 West 34th Street in New York to his wife.[13]

He died on March 27, 1884[10] from Bright's disease.[14][15][16] He was buried at Woodlawn Cemetery in The Bronx.[17]

Legacy

Augustus Schell is the namesake of Schell City, Missouri, of which he was one of the original proprietors.[18]

References

Notes
  1. ^ a b "Augustus Schell (1812-1884)". www.nyhistory.org. New-York Historical Society. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  2. ^ a b c The Saint Nicholas Society of the City of New York: History, Customs, Record of Events, Constitution, Certain Genealogies, and Other Matters of Interest. V. 1-. Saint Nicholas Society of the City of New York. 1905. p. 138. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  3. ^ Kappa Alpha Catalog committee (1892). A Record of the Members of the Kappa Alpha Society and a City and Town Directory, 1825-1913. Cayuga Press. p. 21. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d Appletons' Annual Cyclopaedia and Register of Important Events. D. Appleton & Company. 1888. p. 611. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d "Augustus Schell | Litchfield Ledger - Student". www.litchfieldhistoricalsociety.org. Litchfield Historical Society. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  6. ^ "The Historical Society and "Gus" Schell". The New York Times. January 10, 1873. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  7. ^ The American Almanac, Year-Book, Encyclopædia and Atlas, 1904, p. 187
  8. ^ "Eulogizing Augustus Schell". The New York Times. 29 March 1884. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  9. ^ "General Politics; the Presidential Campaign. Mr. Schell's Visit to Washington and the Result of It He Takes the Campaign into His Own Hands". The New York Times. January 31, 1876. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  10. ^ a b Lossing, Benson John; Wilson, Woodrow (1915). Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History from 458 A.D. to 1915. Harper Bros. p. 104. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  11. ^ "RESUSCITATING TAMMANY.; Installation of the New Grand Sachem His Address A Committee of Reorganization". The New York Times. 21 February 1872. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  12. ^ "DIED. Schell". The New York Times. January 7, 1905. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  13. ^ "Augustus Schell's Heirs.; Liberal Bequests to the Members of His Family". The New York Times. 15 April 1884. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  14. ^ "Augustus Schell Still Alive". The New York Times. 24 March 1884. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  15. ^ "Augustus Schell's Condition". The New York Times. 25 March 1884. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  16. ^ "Augustus Schell Dying". The New York Times. March 23, 1884. Retrieved 2011-05-03.
  17. ^ "Funeral of Augustus Schell.; Many Distinguished Persons at the Services at the House". The New York Times. 30 March 1884. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  18. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1918). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 369.
Sources
  • Bio from PictureHistory
  • Wikisource-logo.svg Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1900). "Schell, Augustus". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
  • Memoir of the Hon. Augustus Schell. 1884. Francis Schell, author.

External links

Party political offices
Preceded by
New York State Democratic Committee Chairman
1853 – 1856
Succeeded by
Preceded by
August Belmont, Sr.
Grand Sachem of Tammany Hall
1870 – 1876
Succeeded by
Charles H. Haswell
Preceded by
August Belmont, Sr.
Democratic National Committee Chairman
1872 – 1876
Succeeded by
Abram S. Hewitt
Government offices
Preceded by
Heman J. Redfield
Collector of the Port of New York
1857 – 1861
Succeeded by
Hiram Barney
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