August 1967

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August 16, 1967: Israel's Religion Ministry reaffirms Islamic administration of the Temple Mount
August 22, 1967: The Singer Building, formerly the world's tallest, to be demolished
August 15, 1967: Chicago's Picasso statue unveiled


The following events occurred in August 1967:

August 1, 1967 (Tuesday)

  • The U.S. State Department lifted restrictions on American travel to Algeria, Libya and the Sudan, imposed after the Six-Day War, but still limited travel to Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Iraq and Yemen.[1]
  • Nine Japanese high school students were killed by a bolt of lightning that struck them while they were descending Mount Nishihodaka, a 9,514 feet (2,900 m) peak in Japan's Hida Mountains, near Nagano. Ten others were injured, and the other 31 members of the group were unhurt.[2][3]
  • Died: Richard Kuhn, 66, Austrian-born German biochemist and 1938 Nobel laureate

August 2, 1967 (Wednesday)

  • Israel issued IDF Order Number 82, canceling municipal council elections that had been scheduled in the Palestinian towns of the West Bank prior to its capture from Jordan. The four-year terms of all of the members who had been elected in 1963 were extended indefinitely. Elections would finally be held on March 28, 1972 in the cities of Nablus, Jenin, Tulkarm, Qalqilya and Jericho (Ariha); and in Ramallah, Bethlehem and Hebron on May 2, 1972.[4]
  • The Turkish soccer football team Trabzonspor, which would become one of the "big four" teams" that have won all but one of the championships in Turkey's top national circuit the Süper Lig, played its first game, after having been created by the merger of six teams in the city of Trabzon. Trabonzpor would win six Süper Lig titles in the nine seasons between 1975–76 and 1983-84. The other teams in the "big four" (Galatasaray, Fenerbahçe and Beşiktaş) are all in Istanbul.
  • Died: Walter Terence Stace, 80, British philosopher and mystic

August 3, 1967 (Thursday)

  • U.S. President Johnson asked Congress to temporarily increase individual and corporate income taxes by 10 percent for the 1968 tax year.[5] Announced that he had approved sending an additional 45,000 American troops to fight in the Vietnam War before June 30, 1968, bringing the total number of U.S. personnel in South Vietnam to more than half a million.[6]
  • Thieves stole several priceless artifacts from the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, taking the "Gold Crown of the Madonna" from a statue of the Virgin Mary and six solid gold hearts. The crown had been presented to the church in 1624 by Elisabeth, Queen Consort of Spain and Portugal.[7] Police recovered the stolen artifacts 11 days later in Tel Aviv, intact, after several men were arrested.[8]
  • Born: Creme Puff, American cat that holds the record for its longevity; in Austin, Texas. Creme Puff, owned by Jake Perry, died three days after her 38th birthday, in 2005.

August 4, 1967 (Friday)

August 5, 1967 (Saturday)

  • One hundred and thirty seven people died from poisoning at a new moon festival in Madras after drinking varnish, mixed in a cocktail with lime juice, because of a prohibition in Madras state against the sale of liquor.[13] C. N. Annadurai, the Chief Minister of the Madras State in India (now the state of Tamil Nadu), declined to push for a repeal of prohibition and said instead that the sale of varnish would be temporarily prohibited.[14]
President Liu

August 6, 1967 (Sunday)

  • Graduate student Jocelyn Bell of the University of Cambridge radio telescope observatory became the first person to discover a pulsar, while doing the routine job of analyzing data from the radio receivers. She found "a peculiar train of radio signals" that repeated every 1.33 seconds on the 81.5 megahertz radio frequency when the telescope was viewing a particular section of the sky (within the area occupied by the constellation Vulpecula), and she and Chief Astronomer Antony Hewish were surprised to find the signal appear again at the same time the next day. Confirmation that the regular pulses were coming from the source would take place on November 28. The stellar object would be designated originally as Cambridge Pulsar 1919 (because of its coordinates of 19h 19m right ascension) and would later be referred to as PSR B1919+21. [20]
  • A nonviolent general strike was called by Palestinian representatives in the East Jerusalem as a protest Israel's administration of the formerly-Jordanian city, most notably the directive that teachers in the city's schools would have to teach an Israeli-approved curriculum. "We have called a general strike so that the world will hear your outcry," a notice read, "and to prove you are steadfast in your refusal to accept the plans and the laws of the Zionists and that you belong to the Arab nation on both banks of the Jordan. Long live Jordan on both banks, long live Arab Jerusalem." The next day, Palestinian residents refused to show up to work, and the protest leaders announced that they would never accept citizenship in Israel, nor participate in the upcoming municipal elections.[21] For two weeks
  • Scientists in the Chinese city of Changchun made two tests of conventional explosives that included radioactive materials. The two "radioactive self-defense bombs" were both detonated within city limits, one at 1:15 in the morning and the other at 12:35 in the afternoon. In so doing, they earned "the dubious distinction of having first designed and tested (though— as far as is known— never actually used against human targets) various primitive 'dirty bombs').[22]
  • KMPX of San Francisco became the first radio station in the United States to take advantage of new FCC regulations, and to go to a progressive rock format. The programming on the 106.9 FM frequency began a trend toward FM radio stations making the transition from "easy-listening" music to "album rock" music.[23]

August 7, 1967 (Monday)

  • Lunar Orbiter 5, launched six days earlier by NASA, transmitted the most clear pictures up to that time of the far side of the Moon, taken from an altitude of 1,660 miles and then processed on the spacecraft and televised back to Earth.[24][25]
  • Died: William Spratling, 66, American silver designer, was killed in an automobile accident in Mexico near his home in Taxco de Alarcon in the Guerrero state.

August 8, 1967 (Tuesday)

August 9, 1967 (Wednesday)

  • Troops from the breakaway republic of Biafra, formerly the Eastern Region of Nigeria, expanded the Nigerian Civil War by invading the federation's rebellious Western Region and occupied Benin City and the ports of Sapele and Ughelli. The remaining Northern Region and Mid-Western Region were unaffected by the invasion.[28]
  • British colonial authorities in Hong Kong closed down three pro-communist newspapers, the Tin Fung Daily News, the Hong Kong Evening News and the Afternoon News, halting publication pending the resolution of lawsuits, and arresting five of the journalists on charges of sedition and the spreading of false or inflammatory reports.[29]
  • An army of 100 Belgian mercenaries and 1,500 Congolese army rebels, under the command of former Belgian Army Major Jean Schramme retook control of the city of Bukavu in the eastern Congo, and drove 300 Congolese Army troops into Rwanda to be disarmed.[30] The local population did not support the rebels, and troops sent by Congo's President Mobutu would drive the mercenaries out by the end of November.[31]
  • Thirty-seven people in Afghanistan's Kunar Province drowned when the bus they were in fell off of a 30 foot cliff and overturned in a river. Only three of the people on board survived. [32]
  • The city of Denver, Colorado, was shaken by the strongest earthquake ever recorded in that state. Although nobody was injured, the 5.5 magnitude tremor was strong enough to shatter windows and to be felt within a 120-mile radius. The previous record had been set on April 10 by a 5.0 magnitude quake.[33]
  • Born:
  • Died:
    • Joe Orton, 34, English playwright and film screenplay writer, was beaten to death at his Islington home by his lover, Kenneth Halliwell, who then committed suicide with an overdose of sleeping pills.[34]
    • Anton Walbrook, 70, Austrian and German film actor

August 10, 1967 (Thursday)

  • Section 127 of the Constitution of Australia, which provided that "In reckoning the numbers of the people of the Commonwealth, or of a State or other part of the Commonwealth, aboriginal natives shall not be counted", was repealed as the Constitution Alteration (Aboriginals) 1967 went into effect, two and a half months after its approval in a referendum on May 27. In addition, a subsection of Section 51, which had noted that "The Parliament shall, subject to this Constitution, have power to make laws for the peace, order, and good government of the Commonwealth with respect to: (xxvi) the people of any race, other than the aboriginal race in any State, for whom it is deemed necessary to make special laws" was amended to remove eight words, and now refers to "(xxxvi) the people of any race for whom it is deemed necessary to make special laws".[35]
  • Born: Riddick Bowe, American boxer and world heavyweight champion, 1992-1993 after his defeat of Evander Holyfield; in Brooklyn

August 11, 1967 (Friday)

  • The Long Biên Bridge over North Vietnam's Red River, the only link between that nation's two largest cities (Hanoi and Haiphong), was heavily damaged in an airstrike by the 388th Fighter Wing and 355th Fighter Wing of the U.S. Air Force, and its center span was destroyed. Nevertheless, the North Vietnamese would quickly restore their supply lines with "a pontoon bridge, constructed each evening and taken apart each morning",[36] and a repatched bridge would be reopened by October 5.[37]
  • Red Guards at the port of Dairen in the People's Republic of China attacked and seized control of a Soviet cargo ship, the Svirsk, a few days after the ship's captain was said to have dishonored Chairman Mao Zedong by refusing to accept a welcoming badge bearing the Chairman's image. The offending captain was paraded through the streets the next day and the ship was held in port.[38][39] After Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin threatened to end all trade with China, the Chinese Navy freed the ship and escorted it out of the port.[40] A day after the Svirsk was allowed to leave, protesters would attack the Soviet Embassy in Beijing.
  • William C. Foster, the chief American representative at the 18-nation nuclear disarmament conference in Geneva, announced at the White House that the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. had agreed in principle on the conditions of a nuclear nonproliferation treaty.[41] The drafts would be submitted on August 24.
  • Born:

August 12, 1967 (Saturday)

  • The Prices and Incomes Act 1966, passed the previous year as a means of controlling inflation, went into effect in the United Kingdom, giving the British government the authority to delay increases in prices, surcharges, and salaries.[42]
  • Born: Emil Kostadinov, Bulgarian soccer football striker, in Sofia
  • Died: Esther Forbes, 76, American writer of biographies and historical novels for young readers

August 13, 1967 (Sunday)

  • The legendary rock band Fleetwood Mac made its debut, appearing at the National Jazz and Blues Festival in Windsor, Berkshire, with Peter Green, Mick Fleetwood, Jeremy Spencer and (instead of John McVie), bassist Bob Brunning.[43][44][45]
  • The head-on collision of two passengers buses near the Iranian city of Ayask killed 40 people and seriously injured 33 more. [46]
  • Two women were killed by bears, in separate attacks on the same night, while camping at the Glacier National Park in Montana. The unusual incidents, the first bear attacks in the history of the park, would call national attention to both the dangers of leaving garbage out in the open and the problems associated with the decreasing size of wild habitats and the increasing number of people encroaching upon them. At 12:45, summertime park employees Julie Helgesen and Roy Ducat were in sleeping bags when they were mauled by a bear that had apparently been attracted by leftover sandwiches; Hegelsen was dragged away and died hours later.[47] Twenty miles away, Michele Koons, a 19 year old camper from San Diego, was camping with four fellow employees at the park and was unable to get out of her sleeping bag before a different bear dragged her away and killed her.[48] The tragedy would later become the basis for a bestselling book, Night of the Grizzlies by Jack Olsen.[49]
  • The Nigerian Air Force, which would later become one of the largest in Africa, received its first combat aircraft, with the arrival of several MiG-17 jet fighters from the Soviet Union, initially flown by pilots from Egypt.[50]
  • Born: Amélie Nothomb, Japan-born Belgian novelist, in Kobe as the daughter of Belgium's ambassador to Japan.
  • Died: Jane Darwell, 87, American stage, film and television actress, and Academy Award winner for Best Supporting Actress in 1940 for The Grapes of Wrath.

August 14, 1967 (Monday)

  • All but one of the United Kingdom's pirate radio stations played music for their final day, then signed off before the new Marine Broadcasting Offences Act went into effect at midnight.[51] The new law was an extension of the Wireless Telegraphy Act 1949 and although it could not prohibit boats from broadcasting from outside Britain's territorial waters, it did prohibit those stations from selling advertising within the British Isles.[52] Only one station, Radio Caroline, would continue to broadcast the next day.[53] With the shutdown of the pirate stations, BBC Radio 1 would go on the air on September 30 with a popular music format.
  • Nine Brazilian Navy sailors and two officers on the battle cruiser Barroso were scalded to death by superheated steam when a pipe to the ship's turbines ruptured during maintenance.[54]
  • Pál Losonczi took office as the Chairman of the Presidential Council of Hungary, succeeding István Dobi in the ceremonial role as the Eastern European nation's official head of state. Prime Minister Jenő Fock would remain the head of government, and the de facto leader of Hungary would continue to be the General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party, János Kádár. Losonczi would serve for nearly 20 years, until June 25, 1987.[55]

August 15, 1967 (Tuesday)

  • Twenty-seven people in India fell to their deaths when they struck a tree branch while riding on top of a passenger train as it passed through the city of Katihar in Bihar state. The limb was from a banyan tree that was considered sacred by worshipers of the Hindu goddess Kali and was part of a shrine. For several weeks, nobody would trim the branch until the railroad company offered a job to anyone who was willing to cut it down. Finally, an enterprising resident named Siaram Jha defied the goddess of destruction and sawed off the limb.[56]
  • The Shell Lake murders took place, with nine members of a family near Shell Lake, Saskatchewan, shot to death by a 21-year old mental patient. Victor Ernest Hoffman broke into the home of James Peterson, then used a repeater rifle to shoot Mr. and Mrs. Peterson and seven of their eight children, who ranged in age from two years old to 17 years old.[57] The only survivor of the massacre was a four-year-old girl.
  • The Chicago Picasso, a 50 foot high metal Cubist sculpture created by Pablo Picasso, was unveiled in front of the Chicago Civic Center (now the Richard J. Daley Center).[58]
  • Born: Brahim Boutayeb, Moroccan athlete and Olympic gold medalist, 1988, in the 10,000 metre race; in Khemisset
  • Died:

August 16, 1967 (Wednesday)

August 17, 1967 (Thursday)

  • Demonstrators in Beijing forced their way into the Soviet Union's embassy compound in China, smashed windows in the main building, destroyed furniture and set fire to files.[60][38] A similar attack would take place on the British diplomatic quarters the following week.

August 18, 1967 (Friday)

Pope Paul VI
Secretary Cicognani
  • Pope Paul VI announced a drastic reform of the governance of the Roman Catholic Church and of Vatican City. The Roman Curia was reorganized "into something similar to a modern government cabinet".[61] The Pope's Secretary of State, Cardinal Amleto Cicognani, was given expanded powers and the title of "papal secretary", with expanded powers analogous to those of a Prime Minister. For the first time, an annual budget was to be drawn up, under a new office to be known as the "Prefecture of Economic Affairs of the Holy See".
  • Israel opened its border crossing at the Allenby Bridge of the Jordan River and began the first of 14 days during which repatriation would be allowed for the 167,500 Palestinian refugees who had applied to return to their homes in the West Bank. On the first day, only 355 displaced people, most of them women and children, or elderly residents, came across the border. Both Israel and Jordan blamed each other for the small number of crossings.[62]
  • Nine days after the Biafran Army had captured much of the Nigeria's Western Region, Biafran troops from the Edo tribe rebelled against their Igbo officers and declared the first Republic of Benin (with Albert Okonkwo as President), independent of both Nigeria and Biafra. The republic, not affiliated with Dahomey (which now calls itself the Republic of Benin), would exist for a little more than a month, before the retaking of Benin City by Nigerian troops. [63]
  • Boston Red Sox outfielder Tony Conigliaro suffered a severe head injury after being struck in the left temple by a baseball thrown by pitcher Jack Hamilton of the visiting California Angels.[64] "Tony C.", who had led the American League in home runs in 1965, sustained a damage to his left eye and would miss the rest of 1967 and all of the 1968 season, before making a comeback in 1969 and hitting 20 home runs. Conigliaro's injury "encouraged the use of the batting helmet with the addition of the earflap", which would become mandatory in Major League Baseball by 1983.[65]
  • Born: Daler Mehndi, Indian recording artist known for popularizing Bhangra music; in Patna, Bihar state

August 19, 1967 (Saturday)

August 20, 1967 (Sunday)

  • In Mexico, Guerrero state police officers opened fire on a crowd of unarmed protesters as they approached the Acapulco headquarters of the Regional Union of Copra Producers (URPC) to confront their union leader, killing at least 23 and perhaps as many as 40.[69]
  • In Beijing, China's Foreign Ministry delivered a 48-hour ultimatum to the British Chargé d'affaires Office demanding that British authorities in Hong Kong cancel its suspension of publication of the three communist newspapers that had been closed on August 9; release the five men who had been arrested and declare them innocence of any crimes; and to drop any civil suits against the papers.[29] When the ultimatum expired, members of the Red Guards attacked the diplomatic office.
  • Three men in a car strafed the U.S. Embassy in London with machine gun fire, shattering glass doors and windows, but causing no injuries because the attack was timed for 11:30 at night. A note, signed by a group calling itself the Revolutionary Solidarity Committee, contained the warning "Stop: Criminal murders by the American army. Solidarity with all people battling against Yankee fascism all over the world! Racism! Freedom for American Negroes!" [70]

August 21, 1967 (Monday)

  • Two U.S. Navy A-6A Intruder jets were shot down over the People's Republic of China after straying into Chinese airspace while attempting an attack on North Vietnam. A U.S. Defense Department spokesman said that the two planes were part of a group from the aircraft carrier USS Constellation while on a bombing run of the Duc Noi railroad yard northeast of Hanoi, and conceded that they had inadvertently crossed into Chinese territory.[71] Radio Peking announced that it had captured one of the men alive; Lt. Robert J. Flynn would remain in a Chinese prison camp until March 15, 1973.[72]
  • Born:

August 22, 1967 (Tuesday)

  • Members of China's Red Guards invaded the United Kingdom's diplomatic compound in Beijing, setting fire to the chancery and beating Donald Hopson, the highest ranking British diplomat in China as the chargé d'affaires.[73] The attack followed the expiration time of an ultimatum from the Chinese government to Hopson demanding that Britain rescind the closure of three leftist newspapers in Hong Kong. The next day, the diplomats and their families were allowed to leave and find refuge in other embassies and legations. Because the attack had come despite a directive from Prime Minister Zhou Enlai forbidding violence against diplomatic establishments, Party Chairman Mao Zedong would order the arrest of the instigators of the violence, Wang Li and Guan Feng.[74] Zhou would apologize to the British government on behalf of China, and the Chinese government would rebuild the offices that had been burned.[75]
  • Modibo Keïta, the President of Mali, launched a révolution culturelle in his West African nation, reviving the Comité national de défense de la révolution (CNDR, the National Committee for Defense of the Revolution) and authorized it to purge the military and the civil service.[76] The People's Militia would carry out the arrest and torture of thousands of Malians. Keïta himself would be overthrown on November 19, 1968, and would be executed in prison on May 16, 1977.[77]
  • Officials in New York City announced that the 47-story Singer Building, which had briefly been the tallest building in the world in 1908 and 1909, would be torn down.[78]
  • Born:
  • Died: Dr. Gregory Pincus, 64, American biochemist and co-inventor of the first birth control pill

August 23, 1967 (Wednesday)

  • The Republic of the Congo was reorganized into nine administrative regions for purposes of representation in the National Assembly. Kouilou and the Pool Region would have 17 representatives each, Bouenza 13, Niari 12, Cuvette and Plateaux 10 each, Lékoumou 5, and Sangha and Likouala 3 each; the cities of Brazzaville and Pointe-Noire were separate constituencies.[79]
  • The Anglican Church of Canada relaxed its strict ban against the remarriage of its divorced members, in an overwhelming amendment of canon law by delegates to the General Synod in Ottawa. Previously, a Canadian Anglican who had gotten a divorce was subject to excommunication if he or she remarried while the former spouse was still alive. Archbishop H. H. Clark, Primate of All Canada, said that he believed that the reform would encourage Parliament "to move with greater speed" in reforming Canada's divorce laws without fear of Church opposition.[80]

August 24, 1967 (Thursday)

August 25, 1967 (Friday)

Secretary McNamara
  • U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara testified before a U.S. Senate subcommittee that the bombing of North Vietnam, the policy advocated by the Joint Chiefs of Staff, would not bring about peace negotiations and that "enemy operations in the south cannot, on the basis of reports I have seen, be stopped by air bombardment".[83] According to a 1989 book by historian Mark Perry, the JCS Chief of Staff, General Earle Wheeler, called an emergency meeting of the chiefs of staff and the group decided that they should call a press conference for August 26 to announce their resignations, the military leaders reversed themselves the next day because it would give the appearance of a mutiny.[84] On the other hand, General Wheeler would publicly dismiss Perry's account as untrue.[85]
  • West Germany became only the fourth nation in the world to have color television broadcasting (after the U.S., Canada and the UK). Foreign Minister and future Chancellor Willy Brandt pressed a button to inaugurate the network service at the 25th annual Great German Expedition.[86]
  • Representatives of the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union signed an agreement to establish a hotline between the two nations.[86]
  • In the Huánuco Region of Peru, 38 people were killed and 28 injured while riding in the back of a freight truck that was serving as a bus. The crowded truck was about 22 miles away from its destination of Cerro de Pasco when in failed to round a steep mountain curve and plunged down a 460 feet (140 m) embankment.[87]
  • Field Marshal Abdel Hakim Amer, who had commanded the armed forces of Egypt during the Six-Day War and was fired after the defeat by Israel, was arrested along with 50 other senior officers and civilians and charged with plotting to overthrow President Nasser. Marshal Amer would die on September 14 while under house arrest, in what was reported to be a suicide.[88] Shams Badran, who had been dismissed as Defense Minister in the aftermath of the war, would be arrested later and, like Marshal Amer, charged with "attempting to stage a military comeback" in the recovery of his former job.[89]
  • The government of Israel opened the Golan Heights, captured nearly three months earlier from Syria, to civilian settlers.[90]
  • The South American nation of Paraguay promulgated a new Constitution that restored the bicameral legislature that had existed prior to 1940, when the Senate of Paraguay had been abolished. The Senate became the upper chamber of the new National Congress, while the existing Chamber of Representatives was renamed the Chamber of Deputies.[91] The new Constitution also granted official recognition, for the first time, to the Guarani language, joining Spanish as a national language.[92]
  • Born: Dr. Eckart von Hirschhausen, German physician and comedian; in Frankfurt, West Germany
  • Died:
    • George Lincoln Rockwell, 49, "Fuehrer" of the American Nazi Party, was shot and killed by a sniper while leaving the Dominion Hills Shopping Center at 6015 Wilson Boulevard in Arlington, Virginia, near the party's headquarters.[93] Rockwell had gone to the Econowash, a coin-operated laundry, and was backing his 1958 Chevrolet out of a parking space when two bullets came through the windshield and struck him in the chest.[94] The sniper was John Patler, whom Rockwell had fired a few months earlier. Patler would be convicted of the murder in December and would be sentenced to 20 years in prison, but would be paroled in 1975.[95]
    • Lam Bun, 37, Hong Kong radio commentator, was murdered after criticizing leftist demonstrators during the Hong Kong riots, by being burned alive in his car
    • Paul Muni, 71, American stage and film actor
    • Stanley Bruce, 84, Prime Minister of Australia from 1923 to 1929

August 26, 1967 (Saturday)

President Bourguiba
  • Tunisia's President Habib Bourguiba broke with the leaders of other Arab nations and said that they should recognize the legitimacy of the nation of Israel. "It is a United Nations member and its existence is challenged only by the Arab states. In these circumstances, it is useless to continue ignoring this reality and claim to wipe Israel off the map. In so doing, one drives himself into near total isolation."[96]
  • U.S. Air Force Major George E. Day was shot down while flying a mission over North Vietnam. After being captured, he would escape from North Vietnam, be recaptured in South Vietnam by Viet Cong guerrillas, and remain a prisoner of war for five years and seven months, finally being released on March 14, 1973. On March 4, 1976, Day (promoted to Colonel) would be awarded the Medal of Honor. The citation would note that "His personal bravery in the face of deadly enemy pressure was significant in saving the lives of fellow aviators who were still flying against the enemy."[97]
  • Antonín Novotný, the President of Czechoslovakia and the First Secretary of the nation's Communist Party, had a controversial visit to the cultural institution in the city of Martin, located in the Slovak part of the Eastern European nation. Novotný, an ethnic Czech, got angry after the institution's director asked him for permission to collect Slovak books and newspapers published abroad, and accused the director of "Slovak bourgeois nationalism", then left the building and refused to accept presents that had been prepared for his visit. The incident would lead to a large group of the Party's Presidium leaders to decide that Novotný needed to be removed from leadership, which would happen in January.[98]
  • Thirty-five passengers were killed and 28 seriously injured in Peru when their bus fell off of a road about 250 miles east of Lima.[99]

August 27, 1967 (Sunday)

  • Fifteen experienced skydivers were drowned after jumping from an airplane that was 10 miles away from its intended target. The group had taken off from Wakeman, Ohio, in a B-25 airplane, and had jumped without realizing that they were parachuting into Lake Erie rather than a field in Huron, Ohio.[100]
  • Electronic Video Recording (EVR), a high quality, film-based video format, was announced by CBS Laboratories in a press release, with a goal of being marketed worldwide "in late 1969 or early 1970". The system used a 7-inch wide film cartridge that could provide "an hour of black-and-white visual material or a half-hour of color programming" and that would have retailed for as little as seven dollars, "a fraction of the cost of today's magnetic tape recording widely employed in commercial TV", and could be seen with the aid of a "playback machine [that] could be put on top of a TV set and connected to the antenna terminals of one or a dozen receivers". The machine, "roughly the size of a kitchen bread box" would have an initial manufacturing cost of $285 before markup for retail sale. Although the EVR player could not be used for recording, its resolution was high enough that its individual book pages could be read clearly in freeze frame. "The contents of a 24-volume encyclopedia could be recorded on a cartridge," the release noted, "with an index lever enabling the viewer to pick out the particular reference material he required."[101]
  • The British Army began the final withdrawal of its troops from Aden.[102]
  • Died:
    • Brian Epstein, 32, manager of The Beatles, died of an overdose of barbiturates.
    • Sir Paul Dukes, 78, British MI-6 officer known as "The Man with a Hundred Faces"[103] for his disguises and alternate identities while infiltrating the Communist Party during his espionage in Russia.

August 28, 1967 (Monday)

August 29, 1967 (Tuesday)

  • The final episode of The Fugitive aired on ABC. It was seen by an estimated 78 million viewers, the largest audience for a single TV series episode in U.S. television history up to that time, a record that would not be broken until November 21, 1980 with the broadcast of an episode of the TV drama Dallas.[107]
  • The Arab Summit opened at Khartoum, and was attended by representatives of most of the Arab nations with the exception of Syria. On the first day, the oil-producing members voted to lift an embargo against exports to the United States and the United Kingdom.[108] The bar had been imposed less than three months earlier following the outbreak of the Six-Day War with Israel.
  • Former child actress Shirley Temple, now Shirley Temple Black, announced her candidacy for U.S. Congress as representative of California's 11th District.[109]
  • The government of East Germany began the process of painting the Berlin Wall white. West Berlin police speculated that the purpose was to make it easier for border guards to spot people attempting to flee East Berlin at nighttime.[110]
  • Born:

August 30, 1967 (Wednesday)

Marshall
  • By a vote of 69 to 11 in the United States Senate, Thurgood Marshall was confirmed as the first African American Justice of the United States Supreme Court.[111] Ten of the eleven votes against him came from the southern states, joined by Senator Robert Byrd of West Virginia. On the other hand, six U.S. Senators from the Deep South — James Fulbright of Arkansas, William Spong of Virginia, and both from Tennessee (Howard Baker and Albert Gore) and from Texas (John Tower and Ralph Yarborough) — voted in his favor.[112] Marshall's confirmation had taken 78 days to be completed, nearly three times as long as any other appointee by President Johnson to the High Court; during hearings before the Senate Judiciary Committee, he endured questioning from U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond that would be compared by Time magazine as being similar "to a white registrar administering a literacy test designed to confound even the best-educated Negro", a strategy which "made it more unlikely that any serious Senator would want to question him seriously." [113] Marshall would be sworn into office on September 1 and would take his seat on the bench on October 2.
  • Died: Ad Reinhardt, 53, American abstract painter

August 31, 1967 (Thursday)

References

  1. ^ "News Briefs— National", Chicago Tribune, August 2, 1967, p. 3
  2. ^ "Bolt Kills Nine Boys in Japan", AP report in Ogden (UT) Standard-Examiner, August 1, 1967, p. 1
  3. ^ "News Briefs—Foreign", Chicago Tribune, August 2, 1967, p. 3
  4. ^ Moshe Shemesh, The Palestinian Entity, 1959-1974: Arab Politics and the PLO (Frank Cass, 1988) p250
  5. ^ "LBJ ASKS 10% HIKE IN TAX— Warns of More War Spending, Less Revenue", Chicago Tribune, August 4, 1967, p1
  6. ^ "Johnson OK's Buildup to 525,000 Men— Hikes Estimate of War Cost", Chicago Tribune, August 4, 1967, p1
  7. ^ "News Briefs—Foreign", Chicago Tribune, August 4, 1967, p3
  8. ^ "News Briefs—Foreign", Chicago Tribune, August 15, 1967, p3
  9. ^ Jacqueline A. Kalley, et al., Southern African Political History: A Chronology of Key Political Events from Independence to Mid-1997 (Greenwood, 1999) p358
  10. ^ John Siko, Inside South Africa's Foreign Policy: Diplomacy in Africa from Smuts to Mbeki (I.B.Tauris, 2014) p79
  11. ^ Yong Zhou, A Great Trial in Chinese History: The Trial of the Lin Biao and Jiang Qing Counter-Revolutionary Cliques, Nov. 1980 - Jan. 1981 (Pergamon Press, 2014) pp64-65
  12. ^ "NASA Names 11 New Spacemen", Chicago Tribune, August 5, 1967, p3
  13. ^ "News Briefs— Foreign", Chicago Tribune, August 10, 1967, p3
  14. ^ "News Briefs— Foreign", Chicago Tribune, August 12, 1967, p3
  15. ^ Jung Chang and Jon Halliday, Mao: The Unknown Story (Anchor Books, 2006)
  16. ^ "Lions Upset by Broncos in Exhibition", Chicago Tribune, August 4, 1967, p2-4
  17. ^ Mark L. Ford, A History of NFL Preseason and Exhibition Games: 1960 to 1985 (Rowman & Littlefield, 2014) p72
  18. ^ Joe Ryan, Heavyweight Boxing in the 1970s: The Great Fighters and Rivalries (McFarland, 2013) p39
  19. ^ Dave Thompson, Roger Waters: The Man Behind the Wall (Hal Leonard Corporation, 2013)
  20. ^ Volker Schönfelder, The Universe in Gamma Rays (Springer, 2013) p127
  21. ^ "The Palestinians: From the Sidelines to Major Player in Jerusalem", by Moseh Amirav, in The Middle East Peace Process: Vision Versus Reality, Joseph Ginat, et al., eds. (University of Oklahoma Press, 2002) p318
  22. ^ Roderick MacFarqyagar and Michael Schoenhals, Mao's Last Revolution (Harvard University Press, 2009) pp219-220
  23. ^ Carter Alan, Radio Free Boston: The Rise and Fall of WBCN (University Press of New England, 2013) p13
  24. ^ "Moon Gives Up Secrets to Orbiter 5", Chicago Tribune, August 8, 1967, p1
  25. ^ Charles Byrne, The Far Side of the Moon: A Photographic Guide (Springer, 2007) p94
  26. ^ Walter Woon, The ASEAN Charter: A Commentary (National University of Singapore Press, 2015) p4
  27. ^ "ASEAN", in Dictionary of the Modern Politics of Southeast Asia, by Michael Leifer (Routledge, 2013) pp59-60
  28. ^ "Nigeria, Civil War", in The A to Z of Civil Wars in Africa, by Guy Arnold (Scarecrow Press, 2009) p265
  29. ^ a b Carol P. Lai, Media in Hong Kong: Press Freedom and Political Change, 1967-2005 (Routledge, 2007) pp26-27
  30. ^ "White Rebels Take Control of Congo City", Chicago Tribune, August 10, 1967, p2
  31. ^ A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle East, Spencer C. Tucker, ed. (ABC-CLIO, 2009) p2444
  32. ^ "Bus Plunge Kills 37", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 10, 1967, p3
  33. ^ "Quake Rocks Denver; Felt for 120 Miles", Chicago Tribune, August 10, 1967, p1
  34. ^ "Orton, Joe", in Encyclopedia of British Humorists, Steven H. Gale, ed. (Taylor & Francis, 1996) p803
  35. ^ Bain Attwood, The 1967 Referendum: Race, Power and the Australian Constitution (Aboriginal Studies Press, 2007) pp1-3
  36. ^ "Long Biên Bridge" (Paul Doumer Bridge)", in Historical Dictionary of the War in Vietnam, by Ronald B. Frankum Jr. (Scarecrow Press, 2011) p267
  37. ^ William S. Logan, Hanoi: Biography of a City (University of New South Wales Press, 2000) p147
  38. ^ a b Mingjiang Li, Mao’s China and the Sino-Soviet Split: Ideological Dilemma (Routledge, 2013)
  39. ^ "Free Ship, China Told by Kosygin", Chicago Tribune, August 13, 1967, p1
  40. ^ "China Frees Soviet Ship from Dairen", Chicago Tribune, August 14, 1967, p1
  41. ^ "U.S., Russians O.K. Nuclear Treaty Draft", Chicago Tribune, August 12, 1967, p1
  42. ^ John Lovell, Benjamin Charles Roberts, Short History of the Trades Union Congress (Springer, 1968) p175
  43. ^ Mick Fleetwood and Anthony Bozza, Play On: Now, Then, and Fleetwood Mac: The Autobiography (Little, Brown, 2014)
  44. ^ Pete Prown and Harvey P. Newquist, Legends of Rock Guitar: The Essential Reference of Rock's Greatest Guitarists (Hal Leonard Corporation, 1997) p35
  45. ^ Colin Larkin, The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (Omnibus Press, 2011) p211
  46. ^ "Bus Crash Kills 40", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 14, 1967, p2
  47. ^ Michael Bright, Man-Eaters (Macmillan, 2002) pp117-118
  48. ^ Stephen Herrero, Bear Attacks: Their Causes and Avoidance (McClelland & Stewart, 2012)
  49. ^ "'O, I'm Dead,' Last Cry of Bear Victim", Chicago Tribune, August 15, 1967, p1
  50. ^ Peter Baxter, Biafra: The Nigerian Civil War 1967-1970 (Helion and Company, 2015) p23
  51. ^ "Marine, and C., Broadcasting (Offences) Act 1967", in Historical Dictionary of British Radio, by Seán Street (Rowman & Littlefield, 2015) p214
  52. ^ Louis Barfe, Turned Out Nice Again: The Story of British Light Entertainment (Atlantic Books, 2009)
  53. ^ Ray Clark, Radio Caroline: The True Story of the Boat that Rocked (The History Press, 2014)
  54. ^ "Blast Aboard Brazil Navy Ship Kills 11", Chicago Tribune, August 15, 1967, p1
  55. ^ "Hungary", in Heads of States and Governments: A Worldwide Encyclopedia of Over 2,300 Leaders, 1945 through 1992, by Harris M. Lentz (Fitzroy Dearborn, 1994) p365
  56. ^ "News Briefs— Foreign", Chicago Tribune, September 4, 1967, p3
  57. ^ "9 in Canadian Farm Family Found Slain", Chicago Tribune, August 16, 1967, p1A-5
  58. ^ "Crowds See Unveiling of Picasso Work", Chicago Tribune, August 16, 1967, p1
  59. ^ Menachem Klein, Jerusalem: The Contested City (New York University Press, 2001) pp. 58–59
  60. ^ "Chinese Attack Soviet Compound", Baltimore Sun, August 18, 1967, p1
  61. ^ "Pope Orders Reforms in Church Rule", Chicago Tribune, August 19, 1967, p1
  62. ^ "Arab Exodus to Lost Land a Trickle", Chicago Tribune, August 19, 1967, p3
  63. ^ "Edos", in Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations (ABC-CLIO, 2002) p569
  64. ^ "Red Sox Beat Angels, 3-2; Conigliaro Hurt", Chicago Tribune, August 19, 1967, p2-5
  65. ^ W. Laurence Coker, M.D., Baseball Injuries: Case Studies, by Type, in the Major Leagues (McFarland, 2013) p211
  66. ^ "U.S. Brings Light To Dark Side Of The Moon In New Map", Cincinnati Enquirer, August 20, 1967, pA-4
  67. ^ Bernard Magubane, The Road to Democracy in South Africa: 1960-1970 (Zebra Press, 2004) p12
  68. ^ Robert C. Good, U.D.I: The International Politics of the Rhodesian Rebellion (Princeton University Press, 2015) p239
  69. ^ Alexander Aviña, Specters of Revolution: Peasant Guerrillas in the Cold War Mexican Countryside (Oxford University Press, 2014) pp101-102
  70. ^ "GUNMEN HIT U.S. EMBASSY— 3 Men in Car Attack with Machine Gun", Chicago Tribune, August 21, 1967, p1
  71. ^ "2 U.S. Jets Are Shot Down by Red China", Chicago Tribune, August 22, 1967, p1
  72. ^ Rick Morgan, A-6 Intruder Units of the Vietnam War (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2012) p22
  73. ^ "China Mob Burns British Office", Chicago Tribune, August 23, 1967, p1
  74. ^ "British Chargé Incident (1967)", in Historical Dictionary of the Chinese Cultural Revolution, by Guo Jian, Yongyi Song, and Yuan Zhou (Rowman & Littlefield, 2015) p42
  75. ^ "Huo shao Yingguo dai ban chu (The burning of the office of the British Chargé d'affaires)", in A Glossary of Political Terms of the People's Republic of China, by Gucheng Li (Chinese University Press, 1995) pp172-173
  76. ^ "Keita, Modibo", in Historical Dictionary of Mali, by Pascal James Imperato and Gavin H. Imperato (Scarecrow Press, 2008) p170
  77. ^ Guy Martin, African Political Thought (Springer, 2012) p96
  78. ^ "News Briefs— Nation", Chicago Tribune, August 23, 1967, p3
  79. ^ "Local Administration", by John Frank Clark and Samuel Decalo, in Historical Dictionary of Republic of the Congo (Scarecrow Press, 2012) p257
  80. ^ "Divorce Ban Lifted: Anglicans Now Permit Divorced To Remarry Within Church", Ottawa Journal, August 24, 1967, p1
  81. ^ Helga Haftendorn, NATO and the Nuclear Revolution: A Crisis of Credibility, 1966-1967 (Clarendon Press, 1996) p152
  82. ^ Shelby L. Stanton, U. S. Army Uniforms of the Cold War, 1948-1973 (Stackpole Books, 1998) p240
  83. ^ "Asserts Raids Won't Win War— McNamara Testifies on Viet Air Strikes", Chicago Tribune, August 26, 1967, p. 1
  84. ^ Mark Perry, Four Stars : The Inside Story of the Forty-Year Battle Between the Joint Chiefs of Staff and America's Civilian Leaders (Houghton Mifflin, 1989) pp. 160–166
  85. ^ George C. Herring, LBJ and Vietnam: A Different Kind of War (University of Texas Press, 2010) p. 57
  86. ^ a b "News Briefs— Foreign", Chicago Tribune, August 26, 1967, p. 3
  87. ^ "Peruvian Crash Kills 38, Hurts 28", UPI report in Alexandria (LA) Daily Town Talk, August 26, 1967, p. 1
  88. ^ George W. Gawrych, The Albatross of Decisive Victory: War and Policy Between Egypt and Israel in the 1967 and 1973 Arab–Israeli Wars (Greenwood, 2000) p73
  89. ^ "Fired Egyptian Military Men Seized in Cairo", Chicago Tribune, September 4, 1967, p. 3
  90. ^ Rebecca L. Stein, Itineraries in Conflict: Israelis, Palestinians, and the Political Lives of Tourism (Duke University Press, 2008) p. 162
  91. ^ Inter-American Yearbook on Human Rights, 1987 (Martinus Nijhoff, 1986) p. 530
  92. ^ "Spanish meets Guarani, Otomi and Quichua: A multilingual confrontation", by Dik Bakker, et al., in Aspects of Language Contact: New Theoretical, Methodological and Empirical Findings with Special Focus on Romancisation Processes, edited by Thomas Stolz, et al. (Walter de Gruyter, 2008) p. 187
  93. ^ Ron Franscell, The Crime Buff's Guide to Outlaw Washington, DC (Rowman & Littlefield, 2012) pp. 61–62
  94. ^ Michael Lee Pope, Wicked Northern Virginia (Arcadia Publishing, 2014)
  95. ^ George Fetherling, The Book of Assassins: A Biographical Dictionary from Ancient Times to the Present (Random House of Canada, 2011)
  96. ^ "Scolds Arab Nations for Israelis Stand— Borguiba Urges Recognition", Chicago Tribune, August 27, 1967, p. 3
  97. ^ Edward F. Murphy, Vietnam Medal of Honor Heroes: Expanded and Revised Edition (Random House, 2010)
  98. ^ "The 'Prague Spring' and the Warsaw Pact Invasion as Seen from Prague", by Jan Rychlik, in The Prague Spring and the Warsaw Pact Invasion of Czechoslovakia, 1968: Forty Years Later, ed. by M. Mark Stolarik (Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, 2010) pp. 33–34
  99. ^ "Bus Plunge Kills 35", Minneapolis Star-Tribune, August 27, 1967, p. 18B
  100. ^ "14 SKYDIVERS LOST IN LAKE— 2 Known Dead and 2 Saved off Huron, O.", Chicago Tribune, August 28, 1967, p. 1
  101. ^ "New Playback Device for TV Viewers", Chicago Tribune, August 28, 1967, p. 2–18
  102. ^ "British Begin to Withdraw Aden Forces", Chicago Tribune, August 28, 1967, p. 3
  103. ^ Harry Ferguson, Operation Kronstadt: The Greatest True Story of Honor, Espionage, and the Rescueof Britain's Greatest Spy, The Man with a Hundred Faces (The Overlook Press, 2010)
  104. ^ "Mr Wilson takes over personal control of DEA", The Guardian (Manchester), August 29, 1967, p1
  105. ^ "Wilson Appoints Himself To Run British Economy" Louisville (KY) Courier-Journal, August 29, 1967, p1
  106. ^ "News Briefs— National", Chicago Tribune, August 29, 1967, p3
  107. ^ "Fugitive, The", in The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946–Present by Tim Brooks and Earle F. Marsh (Random House, 2009) p. 510
  108. ^ Frank Brenchley, Britain, the Six-Day War and Its Aftermath (I.B.Tauris, 2005) p50
  109. ^ "Shirley Temple in House Race", Chicago Tribune, August 30, 1967, p. 2
  110. ^ "News Briefs— Foreign", Chicago Tribune, August 30, 1967, p. 3
  111. ^ "Marshall OK'd for High Court", Chicago Tribune, August 31, 1967, p4
  112. ^ "Confirmation of the Nomination of Thurgood Marshall", govtrack.us
  113. ^ Howard Ball, A Defiant Life: Thurgood Marshall and the Persistence of Racism in America (Crown/Archetype, 2011)
  114. ^ Michael Brecher, Jonathan Wilkenfeld, A Study of Crisis (University of Michigan Press, 1997) pp328-329
  115. ^ Francesca Miller, Latin American Women and the Search for Social Justice (University Press of New England, 1991) p166
  116. ^ Alan Twigg, 101 Top Historical Sites of Cuba (Dundurn, 2004) p65
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