Audrey Hepburn on screen and stage

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A photograph of Hepburn as Princess Ann in the film Roman Holiday.
Hepburn as Princess Ann in Roman Holiday (1953)

Audrey Hepburn (4 May 1929 – 20 January 1993) was a British actress who had an extensive career in film, television, and on the stage from 1948 to 1993. Considered by some to be one of the most beautiful women of all time,[1][2] she was ranked as the third greatest screen legend in American cinema by the American Film Institute.[3] Hepburn is also remembered as both a film and style icon.[4][5][6] Her debut was as a flight stewardess in the 1948 Dutch film Dutch in Seven Lessons.[7] Hepburn then performed on the British stage as a chorus girl in the musicals High Button Shoes (1948), and Sauce Tartare (1949). Two years later she made her Broadway debut as the title character in the play Gigi. Hepburn's Hollywood debut as a runaway princess in William Wyler's Roman Holiday (1953) opposite Gregory Peck made her a star.[4][8][9][10] For her performance she received the Academy Award for Best Actress, the BAFTA Award for Best British Actress, and the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama.[11][12][13] In 1954 she played a chauffeur's daughter caught in a love triangle in Billy Wilder's romantic comedy Sabrina opposite Humphrey Bogart and William Holden.[14][15] In the same year Hepburn garnered the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for portraying the titular water nymph in the play Ondine.[16][17]

Her next role was as Natasha Rostova in the 1956 film adaptation of Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace. In 1957 Hepburn starred with Gary Cooper and Maurice Chevalier in Billy Wilder's Love in the Afternoon, and with Fred Astaire in the musical film Funny Face. Two years later she appeared in the romantic adventure film Green Mansions, and played a nun in The Nun's Story. In 1961, Hepburn played café society girl Holly Golightly in the romantic comedy Breakfast at Tiffany's, and as a teacher accused of lesbianism in Wyler's drama The Children's Hour opposite Shirley MacLaine.[17][18] Two years later she appeared opposite Cary Grant in the romantic mystery film Charade. Hepburn followed this by starring in the romantic comedy Paris When It Sizzles opposite William Holden, and as Cockney flower girl Eliza Doolittle in the musical film My Fair Lady (both in 1964).[17] In 1967, she played a blind woman menaced by drug dealers in her own home in the suspense thriller Wait Until Dark which earned her a Best Actress Oscar nomination.[17][19] Nine years later, Hepburn played Maid Marian opposite Sean Connery as Robin Hood in Robin and Marian.

Her final film appearance was a cameo as an angel in Steven Spielberg's Always (1989).[19] Hepburn's final screen role was as the host of the television documentary series Gardens of the World with Audrey Hepburn (1993) for which she posthumously received the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Individual Achievement – Informational Programming.[10][20][21] In recognition of her career, Hepburn earned the Special Award from BAFTA, the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award, the Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award, and the Special Tony Award.[22][23][24][25]

Film

A still of Hepburn in character as Princess Ann in the film Roman Holiday
Hepburn in Roman Holiday (1953)
A still of Hepburn on the left opposite William Holden on the right in the film Sabrina.
Hepburn (left) opposite William Holden (right) in Sabrina (1954)
List of film credits
Title Year Role Notes Ref(s)
Dutch in Seven Lessons 1948 Stewardess Dutch: Nederlands in Zeven Lessen [26]
One Wild Oat 1951 Hotel receptionist Uncredited [26]
Young Wives' Tale 1951 Eve Lester [27]
Laughter in Paradise 1951 Cigarette girl [28]
Lavender Hill Mob, TheThe Lavender Hill Mob 1951 Chiquita [29]
Secret People 1952 Nora Brentano [30]
Monte Carlo Baby 1952 Linda Farrell
Melissa Farrell (French version)
Simultaneously filmed in both English and French.
French: Nous irons à Monte-Carlo
[31]
[32]
[33]
Roman Holiday 1953 Princess Ann [34]
Sabrina 1954 Sabrina Fairchild UK: Sabrina Fair [35]
[36]
War and Peace 1956 Natasha Rostova [37]
Love in the Afternoon 1957 Ariane Chavasse [38]
Funny Face 1957 Jo Stockton [39]
Green Mansions 1959 Rima [40]
Nun's Story, TheThe Nun's Story 1959 Sister Luke [17]
Unforgiven, TheThe Unforgiven 1960 Rachel Zachary [17]
Breakfast at Tiffany's 1961 Holly Golightly [17]
Children's Hour, TheThe Children's Hour 1961 Karen Wright [17]
Charade 1963 Regina Lampert [41]
Paris When It Sizzles 1964 Gabrielle Simpson [42]
My Fair Lady 1964 Eliza Doolittle [17]
How to Steal a Million 1966 Nicole Bonnet [17]
Two for the Road 1967 Joanna Wallace [43]
Wait Until Dark 1967 Susy Hendrix [44]
Robin and Marian 1976 Maid Marian [45]
Bloodline 1979 Elizabeth Roffe [46]
They All Laughed 1981 Angela Niotes [47]
Always 1989 Hap [48]

Television

A photograph of Hepburn on the right and Mel Ferrer on the left in the television episode Mayerling
Hepburn (right) and Mel Ferrer (left) in the television episode Mayerling (1957)
List of television credits
Title Year Role Channel Notes Ref(s)
Saturday Night Revue 1950 Unknown BBC Television Service 3 episodes [49]
[50]
[51]
Sunday Night Theatre 1951 Celia BBC Television Service Episode: "The Silent Village" [52]
CBS Television Workshop 1952 Virginia Forsythe CBS Episode: "Rainy Day at Paradise Junction" [53]
[54]
Producers' Showcase 1957 Mary Vetsera NBC Episode: "Mayerling" [55]
A World of Love 1970 Herself CBS UNICEF special [56]
Love Among Thieves 1987 Caroline DuLac ABC Television film [57]
[58]
American Masters 1988 Herself PBS Episode: "Directed by William Wyler"
Documentary
[59]
Gregory Peck: His Own Man 1988 Herself Cinemax Documentary [60]
Gardens of the World with Audrey Hepburn 1993 Herself PBS Documentary series [61]

Stage

List of theatre credits
Title Year(s) Role Theatre Notes Ref(s)
High Button Shoes 1948–1949 Chorus girl London Hippodrome [62]
Sauce Tartare 1949 Chorus girl Cambridge Theatre [17]
[63]
Sauce Piquante 1950 Featured player Cambridge Theatre [17]
Gigi 1951–1952 Gigi Fulton Theatre 24 November 1951 – 31 May 1952 [64]
Ondine 1954 Ondine 46th Street Theatre 18 February 1954 – 3 July 1954 [65]

See also

References

  1. ^ Corliss, Richard (20 January 2007). "Audrey Hepburn: Still the Fairest Lady". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  2. ^ "Audrey Hepburn tops beauty poll". BBC. 31 May 2004. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "AFI's 50 Greatest American Screen Legends". American Film Institute. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Billson, Anne (29 December 2014). "Audrey Hepburn: a new kind of movie star". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  5. ^ Cocozza, Paula (1 July 2015). "Audrey Hepburn: Portraits of an Icon review – beautiful, but unrevealing". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  6. ^ Wilson, Bee (19 June 2015). "The cult of Audrey Hepburn: how can anyone live up to that level of chic?". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  7. ^ Woodward 2012, p. 54.
  8. ^ Woodward 2012, p. 139.
  9. ^ "Audrey Hepburn's Fashionable Life in Rome". Vanity Fair. Condé Nast. May 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  10. ^ a b Buchanan, Rose Troup (4 May 2014). "Audrey Hepburn 85th birthday celebrated with Google Doodle". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  11. ^ "The 26th Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  12. ^ "Film in 1954". British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA). Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  13. ^ "Audrey Hepburn". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Archived from the original on 8 July 2015. 
  14. ^ Gitlin 2008, p. 115.
  15. ^ Crowther, Bosley (23 September 1954). "Sabrina (1954) Screen: 'Sabrina' Bows at Criterion; Billy Wilder Produces and Directs Comedy". The New York Times. Arthur Hays Sulzberger. Retrieved 7 July 2015. 
  16. ^ Woodward 2012, p. 393.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Gitlin 2008, p. 116.
  18. ^ Ryan, Pat (14 March 2013). "Forever a Gamine at Tiffany's". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  19. ^ a b James, Caryn (21 January 1993). "Audrey Hepburn, Actress, Is Dead at 63". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  20. ^ "Awards Search". Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  21. ^ "Gardens of the World With Audrey Hepburn". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  22. ^ "100 BAFTA Moments — Audrey Hepburn Receives the Special Award". British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA). Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  23. ^ "Cecil B. DeMille Timeline". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  24. ^ "29th Life Achievement Recipient, 1992". Screen Actors Guild Awards. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  25. ^ "Audrey Hepburn". Playbill Vault. Retrieved 8 July 2015. 
  26. ^ a b Woodward 2012, p. 381.
  27. ^ "Young Wives' Tale (1951)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  28. ^ Woodward 2012, p. 382.
  29. ^ Woodward 2012, pp. 92, 382.
  30. ^ "The Secret People (1952)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  31. ^ Spoto 2007, p. 43.
  32. ^ "Audrey Hepburn". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 1 December 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  33. ^ G., O. A. (29 May 1954). "Monte Carlo Baby (1953) At the Palace". The New York Times. Arthur Hays Sulzberger. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  34. ^ Woodward 2012, pp. 124, 383.
  35. ^ "Sabrina (1954)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  36. ^ Woodward 2012, p. 384.
  37. ^ "War and Peace (1956)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  38. ^ "Love in the Afternoon (1957)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  39. ^ "Funny Face (1957)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  40. ^ Woodward 2012, pp. 386–387.
  41. ^ Sherwin, Adam (15 May 2013). "Hollywood Silences Leading Ladies as Speaking Roles for Women Slump". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  42. ^ "Paris When It Sizzles (1964)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  43. ^ "Two for the Road (1967)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  44. ^ "Wait Until Dark (1967)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  45. ^ "Robin and Marian (1976)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  46. ^ "Bloodline (1979)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  47. ^ "They All Laughed (1981)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  48. ^ Woodward 2012, pp. 390–391.
  49. ^ "15 July 1950". BBC. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  50. ^ "29 July 1950". BBC. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  51. ^ "12 August 1950". BBC. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  52. ^ "Hugh Williams and Joyce Redman in 'The Silent Village'". BBC. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  53. ^ "CBS Television Workshop, The: Rainy Day in Paradise Junction". Paley Center for Media. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  54. ^ Gitlin 2008, p. 39.
  55. ^ Woodward 2012, pp. 201, 391.
  56. ^ Fearn-Banks 2009, p. 494.
  57. ^ Woodward 2012, p. 392.
  58. ^ "Love Among Thieves (1987)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  59. ^ Woodward 2012, p. 391.
  60. ^ Molyneaux 1995, p. 247.
  61. ^ "Gardens of the World with Audrey Hepburn". TV Guide. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  62. ^ Woodward 2012, pp. 63–64.
  63. ^ Woodward 2012, pp. 67, 69.
  64. ^ "Gigi". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 22 May 2015. 
  65. ^ "Ondine". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 22 May 2015. 

Bibliography

External links

  • Audrey Hepburn on IMDb
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