Atka, Alaska

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Atka
City
Atka.JPG
Atka is located in Alaska
Atka
Atka
Location in Alaska
Coordinates: 52°11′57″N 174°12′48″W / 52.19917°N 174.21333°W / 52.19917; -174.21333
Country United States
State Alaska
Census Area Aleutians West
Incorporated 1988[1]
Government
 • Mayor Crystal Dushkin
 • State senator Lyman Hoffman (D)
 • State rep. Bryce Edgmon (D)
Area[2]
 • Total 36.12 sq mi (93.56 km2)
 • Land 8.74 sq mi (22.64 km2)
 • Water 27.38 sq mi (70.92 km2)
Elevation 59 ft (18 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 61
 • Estimate (2016)[4] 74
 • Density 2.05/sq mi (0.79/km2)
Time zone Hawaii-Aleutian (HST) (UTC-10)
 • Summer (DST) HDT (UTC-9)
ZIP code 99547
Area code(s) 907
FIPS code 02-04210
GNIS feature ID 1418170

Atka (Unangax̂: Atx̂ax̂) is a hamlet located on the east side of Atka Island, in Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, United States. The population was 61 at the 2010 census,[3] down from 92 in 2000.

The population of Atka is nearly entirely Aleut (Unangan). The major industry is fishing.

Geography

Atka is located at 52°11′57″N 174°12′48″W / 52.19917°N 174.21333°W / 52.19917; -174.21333 (52.199271, -174.213398).[5]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the hamlet has a total area of 36.2 square miles (94 km2), of which, 8.7 square miles (23 km2) of it is land and 27.4 square miles (71 km2) of it (75.81%) is water.

Atka is formed by a shield volcano, with a number of outlets. The highest point on Atka is Korovin Volcano, which last erupted in 2006.[6]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 236
1890 132 −44.1%
1920 56
1930 103 83.9%
1940 89 −13.6%
1950 85 −4.5%
1960 119 40.0%
1970 88 −26.1%
1980 93 5.7%
1990 73 −21.5%
2000 92 26.0%
2010 61 −33.7%
Est. 2016 74 [4] 21.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

Atka first appeared on the 1880 U.S. Census as the unincorporated Aleut village of "Nazan."[8] It had 236 residents, of which 220 were Aleut, 14 were Creole (Mixed Russian & Native) and 2 were White.[9] In 1890, it returned as Atka, with 132 residents, of which 116 were native, 15 were Creole and 1 White.[10] It did not appear again under the name "Atka" on the census until 1920, and in every successive census. It was made a census-designated place (CDP) in 1980 and formally incorporated in 1988.

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 92 people, 32 households, and 20 families residing in the hamlet. The population density was 10.5 people per square mile (4.1/km²). There were 41 housing units at an average density of 4.7 per square mile (1.8/km²). The racial makeup of the hamlet was 80.43% Native American, 6.52% White, 1.09% Asian, 1.09% Pacific Islander, and 10.87% from two or more races. 1.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 32 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.5% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the hamlet the population was spread out with 30.4% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.5 males.

The median income for a household in the hamlet was $30,938, and the median income for a family was $34,375. Males had a median income of $28,750 versus $33,438 for females. The per capita income for the hamlet was $17,080. There were no families and 7.5% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 26.7% of those over 64.

Atka Airport is the island's only airstrip.

Education

Atka is served by the Aleutian Region Schools. The Yakov E. Netsvetov School serves grades K-12.

Circa October 1978 the Atka school had two teachers,[12] and 22 students.[13]

References

  1. ^ 1996 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League/Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs. January 1996. p. 29. 
  2. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 22, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "TOTAL POPULATION, 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-25. 
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Korovin Volcano description and information". Alaska Volcano Observatory. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=Rr9RAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA49&lpg=PA49&dq=%22Agaligamute%22&source=bl&ots=Tzy-F6Dup7&sig=B81GmrTlcKv3jtL_iWMYTwV3FSo&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj69sDB-MLUAhXD2T4KHTt1Dc0Q6AEILjAD#v=onepage&q=nazan&f=false
  9. ^ http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1880a_v1-17.pdf
  10. ^ http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1890a_v8-01.pdf
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ Aleutian Islands, Aleutian Peninsula Debris Removal: Environmental Impact Statement. United States Army Corps of Engineers, 1980. p. 58.
  13. ^ Aleutian Islands, Aleutian Peninsula Debris Removal: Environmental Impact Statement. United States Army Corps of Engineers, 1980. p. 59.

External links

Coordinates: 52°11′57″N 174°12′48″W / 52.199271°N 174.213398°W / 52.199271; -174.213398

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