Assyrian calendar

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The Assyrian calendar is a solar calendar used by modern Assyrian people. The year begins with the first sight of Spring.

4750 BC was set as its first year in the 1950s,[1] based on a series of articles published in the Assyrian nationalist magazine Gilgamesh; the first came in 1952 and written by Nimrod Simono and dealt with the Akitu festival, then an article by Jean Alkhas in 1955 (April, issue 34) fixed the year 4750 BC as the starting point.[2] Alkhas referenced his information to a French archaeologist, whom he did not name, as stating that a cuneiform tablet dating to 4750 BC mentioned the year of the calming of the great flood and beginning of life.[3]

The Assyrian new year is still celebrated every year with festivals and gatherings. As of November 2019 AD, it is the 6769th year of the Assyrian calendar, and this calendar is used among many Assyrian communities. It begins 4,750 years before the Gregorian calendar. For example, it is set out like this: 2019+4750 = Assyrian year 6769.

The Assyrian month names are also used in the Arabic Gregorian solar calendar in the Levant and Mesopotamia (Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Palestine).

Months

Assyrian calendar[4][unreliable source?]
Season Syriac Transliteration Arabic Info Blessed by Days Gregorian calendar
Spring ܢܝܣܢ Nisan نَيْسَان
naysān
Month of Happiness Enlil 31 April
ܐܝܪ Iyar أَيَّار
ʾayyār
Month of Love Khaya 31 May
ܚܙܝܪܢ Hzirin حَزِيرَان
ḥazīrān
Month of Building Sin 31 June
Summer ܬܡܘܙ Tammuz تَمُّوز
tammūz
Month of Harvesting Tammuz 31 July
ܐܒ/ܛܒܚ Ab / Tibbakh آب
ʾāb
Month of Ripening of Fruits Shamash 31 August
ܐܝܠܘܠ Ilool أَيْلُول
ʾaylūl
Month of Sprinkling of Seeds Ishtar 31 September
Autumn ܬܫܪܝܢ ܐ Tishrin I تِشْرِين ٱلْأَوَّل
tišrīn al-ʾawwal
Month of Giving Anu 30 October
ܬܫܪܝܢ ܒ Tishrin II تِشْرِين ٱلثَّانِي
tišrīn ath-thānī
Month of Awakening of Buried Seeds Marduk 30 November
ܟܢܘܢ ܐ Kanoon I (Chisleu) كَانُون ٱلْأَوَّل
kānūn al-ʾawwal
Month of Conceiving Nergal 30 December
Winter ܟܢܘܢ ܒ Kanoon II (Tebet) كَانُون ٱلثَّانِي
kānūn ath-thānī
Month of Resting Nasho 30 January
ܫܒܛ Shebat شُبَاط
šubāṭ
Month of Flooding Raman 30 February
ܐܕܪ Adaar آذَار
ʾāḏār
Month of Evil Spirits Rokhaty 29 March

See also

References

  1. ^ Wozniak, Marta (2012). "Far from Aram-Nahrin: The Suryoye Diaspora Experience". In Eamer, Allyson (ed.). Border Terrains: World Diasporas in the 21st Century. Inter-Disciplinary Press, Oxford. p. 78. ISBN 978-1-84888-117-4.
  2. ^ Paulissian, Robert (1999). "Tasheeta d'zoyakha d'rish sheta Khatta d'Atoraye w'Bawlaye (Part II) [Assyrian and Babylonian New Year Celebrations (Part II)]". Journal of Assyrian Academic Studies. 13 (2): 35. ISSN 1055-6982.
  3. ^ Daniel, Sennacherib (2001). "Modern Festival, Ancient Tradition" (PDF). Nakosha. 39: 3. OCLC 49885037.
  4. ^ "The True Assyrian Calendar - Assyrian Knowledge". Archived from the original on 2010-07-28. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
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