Assheton Curzon, 1st Viscount Curzon

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Assheton Curzon, 1st Baron Curzon and 1st Viscount Curzon (2 February 1730 – 21 March 1820) was a British Tory politician.[1]

Background and education

Curzon was the second son of Sir Nathaniel Curzon, 4th Baronet of Kedleston, Derbyshire and Mary, daughter of Sir Ralph Assheton, 2nd Baronet. Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Baron Scarsdale, was his elder brother (see Viscount Scarsdale for earlier history of the family). He was educated at Brasenose College, Oxford.

Political career

Curzon sat as Member of Parliament for Clitheroe from 1754 to 1777 and from 1792 to 1794. In the latter year he was raised to the peerage as Baron Curzon, of Penn in the County of Buckingham, and in 1802 he was further honoured when he was made Viscount Curzon, of Penn in the County of Buckingham.


In 1752 Curzon acquired Hagley Hall, near Rugeley in Staffordshire, remodelling the house and redesigning the grounds. In 1760 he built Penn House near Amersham in Buckinghamshire, replacing an earlier Tudor building with a red brick country mansion.


Lord Curzon married firstly Esther, daughter of William Hanmer, in 1756. After her death in July 1764, he married secondly Dorothy, daughter of Sir Robert Grosvenor, 6th Baronet, in 1766. After her death on 24 February 1774, he married thirdly Anna Margaretta, daughter of Amos Meredith and sister of Sir William Meredith, 3rd Baronet, in 1777. She died in June 1804. There were two sons and four daughters from the two first marriages.[2]

Lord Curzon died in March 1820, aged 90. His son from his first marriage, the Hon. Penn Curzon, had predeceased him and he was therefore succeeded by the latter's son Richard, who was created Earl Howe in 1821.

His son by his second wife, the Honourable Robert Curzon, represented Clitheroe in Parliament for many years and was the father of Robert Curzon, 14th Baron Zouche. Robert inherited Hagley Hall and various other unentailed properties.

His daughter, the honourable Charlotte Curzon, married Dugdale Stratford Dugdale of the historic Stratford Family, with their descendants becoming the Dugdale Baronets in 1936.


  1. ^ "CURZON, Assheton (1730-1820), of Penn House, nr. Amersham, Bucks. and Hagley, Staffs". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  2. ^ The Peerage entry for Dugdale Stratford Dugdale


  • Leigh Rayment's list of baronets
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs

External links

  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Viscount Curzon
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Lister
Nathaniel Curzon
Member of Parliament for Clitheroe
With: Thomas Lister 1754–1761
Nathaniel Lister 1761–1773
Thomas Lister 1773–1780
Succeeded by
Thomas Lister
John Parker
Preceded by
Sir John Aubrey, Bt
Penn Curzon
Member of Parliament for Clitheroe
With: Sir John Aubrey, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir John Aubrey, Bt
Richard Erle-Drax-Grosvenor
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Curzon
Succeeded by
Richard Curzon-Howe

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