As with Gladness Men of Old

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The Magi following the Star of Bethlehem

"As with Gladness Men of Old" is an Epiphany hymn, written by William Chatterton Dix on 6 January 1859 (Epiphany) while he was ill in bed. Though considered by many as a Christmas carol,[1] it is found in the Epiphany section of many hymnals and still used by many churches.[2] The music was adapted by William Henry Monk in 1861 from a tune written by Conrad Kocher in 1838.[1] The hymn is based on the visit of the Biblical magi in the Nativity of Jesus.[3]

History

Dix, as the son of poet John Ross Dix and named after Thomas Chatterton, would regularly write Christian poetry in his spare time.[4] Dix wrote "As with Gladness Men of Old" on 6 January 1859 during a months-long recovery from an extended illness, unable to attend that morning's Epiphany service at church.[4][5] As he read the Gospel of Matthew's account of Epiphany in The Bible, he was inspired and started to reflect on the text.[6] He then started to write about his thoughts and did so for the whole day with the eventual result being "As with Gladness Men of Old".[4]

Dix kept the text private until a year later when it was published in Hymns for Public Worship and Private Devotion, which was written for St Raphael’s Church in Dix's hometown of Bristol.[7] It was also added to the trial version of Hymns Ancient and Modern before being included in the original publication of that hymnal in 1861.[4] Most hymn writers in the Church of England at the time were clergymen, so Dix, a layman and marine insurance agent living in Glasgow, Scotland, was delighted that his carol was included.[4] It was also self-published by Dix in his own Hymns of Joy and Love hymnal.[4]

The editor of Hymns Ancient and Modern, William Henry Monk, adapted a tune by Stuttgart organist Conrad Kocher as the music for "As with Gladness Men of Old". The tune originally consisted of a 7.6.7.6.7.7.6 metre, but Monk removed the fifth phrase to create a more balanced tune.[8] Dix personally did not like the tune, which was ironic as it was later titled "Dix" as a tribute to him.[1] Despite Dix's opinion of it, the tune became popular and is used for the majority of performances of the hymn.[1] The same melody is also used in the hymn "For the Beauty of the Earth", an example of what is often considered to be a seasonal hymn melody given to a more general hymn text for use in Ordinary Time.[1][9]

Publication and use

After publication, the hymn proved popular in both the Church of England and in other Anglican churches throughout the British Empire. This rise in popularity is attributed to the future Lord Chancellor, Sir Roundell Palmer praising it in his "English Church Hymnody" academic paper published and read at the Church Congress in York in 1866.[6] The lyrics of the hymn would be included in pieces of artwork that would adorn Anglican churches around the world.[10] Though by the 1950s to 1970s, the hymn lost popularity as a Christmas carol, it was still held in high regard as a hymn with a pleasing positive message.[11] The hymn eventually regained popularity as a carol and continued to be published in hymnals as well as in Christmas chapters of them.[2] It has continued to be used in the Church of England.[12] "As with Gladness Men of Old" has also been performed in concerts outside of a church setting.[13]

In 1871, the hymn was first published in the United States in the Episcopal Church of the United States' hymnal. It was later included in The Hymnal 1982 with amended lyrics for the fourth verse.[14] By 1875, the Baptist Church's Triennial Convention in the United States had started publishing "As with Gladness Men of Old" in The Service of Song for Baptist Churches hymnal.[15] When the hymn is used in the United Methodist Church, it can be presented as a church reading for Epiphany as well as in its regular musical setting.[16] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints use the hymn, though set to a piece of music by Dan Carter instead of "Dix".[17] It has also been published in The Harvard University Hymn Book.[18]

Analysis

"As with Gladness Men of Old" used Matthew 2:112 as a theme to compare the journey of the Biblical magi to visit the baby Jesus to each Christian's personal pilgrimage and as a reminder that it is not the value of the gifts, it is the value of giving and adoration to Jesus that is what Christians should seek.[6][19] It is the only well-known Epiphany hymn or carol about the Biblical magi that avoids referring to them as either "magi" or "kings" and does not state how many there were.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Emmett Studwell, William (1995). The Christmas Carol Reader. Haworth Press. pp. 71–72. ISBN 1-56024-974-9. 
  2. ^ a b Hymns Ancient and Modern Ltd (1989). The New English Hymnal. Canterbury Press. p. 47. ISBN 1853110027. 
  3. ^ "As With Gladness, Men of Old". Church of England. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Buenting, Ruth (1999). Gloria!: Letters from the Hymn Writers. CSS Publishing. p. 23. ISBN 0788015265. 
  5. ^ Morgan, Robert (2012). Then Sings My Soul Book 3: The Story of Our Songs: Drawing Strength from the Great Hymns of Our Faith. Thomas Nelson Inc. p. 101. ISBN 0849947138. 
  6. ^ a b c "As with gladness, men of old". Hymnary.org. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  7. ^ "As with gladness men of old". The Canterbury Dictionary of Hymnology. Retrieved 2018-01-03. 
  8. ^ "As with gladness, men of old – Dix". Hyperion Records. 2015-04-21. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  9. ^ Studwell, William (1996). The National and Religious Song Reader: Patriotic, Traditional, and Sacred Songs from Around the World. Psychology Press. p. 115. ISBN 0789000997. 
  10. ^ "For sale: Mural filled historic church built in 1871. Price $1". CBC. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  11. ^ Maus, Cynthia (1977). Christ and the Fine Arts (revised ed.). Harper & Row. p. 91. ISBN 0060654724. 
  12. ^ Busby, Mattha (2017-12-31). "'Is that a terrorist?' Prince Philip makes joke about bearded bystander". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018-01-02. 
  13. ^ "As with gladness men of old; Hymn-anthem". Library of Congress. 1939-10-26. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  14. ^ Glover, Raymond (1995). The Hymnal 1982 companion, Part 1. 3. Church Hymnal Corp. p. 91. ISBN 9780898691436. 
  15. ^ Caldwell, S.L. (1875). The Service of Song for Baptist churches. New York: Sheldon & Company. p. 96. ISBN 978-1-333-32158-1. 
  16. ^ The Methodist Woman. 27. UMC Joint Commission on Education and Cultivation. 1995. p. 134. 
  17. ^ "As with Gladness - new-era". LDS. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  18. ^ The Harvard University Hymn Book. Harvard University Press. 1974. p. 463. ISBN 978-0-674-38000-4. 
  19. ^ Petersen, William (2005). The Complete Book of Hymns. Tyndale House Publishers, Inc. p. 205. ISBN 1414331401. 
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