Arundo

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Arundo
Arundo.donax1web.jpg
Giant cane (Arundo donax)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Arundinoideae
Tribe: Arundineae
Genus: Arundo
Tourn. ex L.
Type species
Arundo donax
L.[1]
Synonyms[2]
  • Donax P.Beauv. 1812, illegitimate homonym not Lour. 1790
  • Eudonax Fr.
  • Scolochloa Mert. & W.D.J.Koch
  • Amphidonax Nees
  • Donacium Fr.

Arundo is a genus of stout, perennial plants in the grass family.

Arundo is native to southern Europe, North Africa, and much of temperate Asia as far east as Japan.[3] They grow to 3–6 m tall, occasionally to 10 m, with leaves 30–60 cm long and 3–6 cm broad.

Species[2][4]
  1. Arundo collina Ten.
  2. Arundo donax L. – Giant cane, Spanish cane (south and east Mediterranean, to India; naturalised in many additional areas and often invasive)
  3. Arundo formosana Hack. - Nansei-shoto, Taiwan, Philippines
  4. Arundo mediterranea Danin - Mediterranean
  5. Arundo micrantha Lam. - Mediterranean
  6. Arundo plinii Turra – Pliny's reed - Greece, Italy, Albania, Croatia
formerly included[2]

over 200 species once considered part of Arundo but now regarded as better suited to other genera: Achnatherum Agrostis Ammophila Ampelodesmos Arthrostylidium Arundinaria Austroderia Austrofestuca Bambusa Calamagrostis Calammophila Calamovilfa Chionochloa Chusquea Cinna Cortaderia Dendrocalamus Deschampsia Dupontia Gastridium Gigantochloa Graphephorum Gynerium Imperata Indocalamus Melica Miscanthus Molinia Muhlenbergia Neyraudia Phalaris Phragmites Poa Psammochloa Rytidosperma Saccharum Schizostachyum Scolochloa Stipa Thysanolaena Trisetaria

See also

References

  1. ^ lectotype designated by Hitchcock, Prop. Brit. Bot. 121 (1929)
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Watson L, Dallwitz MJ. (2008). "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references". The Grass Genera of the World. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  4. ^ The Plant List search for Arundo
  • Douce, R. 1994. The biological pollution of Arundo donax in river estuaries and beaches. Pp. 11–13 In: Jackson, N.E. et al. Arundo donax workshop.
  • Dudley, T. and B. Collins. 1995. Biological invasions in California wetlands: the impacts and control of non-indigenous species in natural areas. Pacific Institute for SIDES, Oakland, CA.
  • Frandsen,. P. 1994. Team Arundo: a model for inter-agency cooperation. Pp. 35–40 In: Jackson, N. et al. Arundo donax workshop.
  • Frandsen, P. and N. Jackson. 1994. The impact of Arundo donax on flood control and endangered species. Pp. 13–16 In: Jackson, N. et al. Arundo donax workshop.
  • Hoshovsky, M. 1988. Element stewardship abstract: Arundo donax. The Nature Conservancy, San Francisco, CA.
  • Iverson, M. Pp19–26 In: Jackson, N.E. et al. Arundo donax workshop.
  • Scott, G.D. 1994. Fire threat from Arundo donax. Pp. 17–18 In: Jackson, N. et al. Arundo donax workshop.

External links

  • Germplasm Resources Information Network: Arundo
  • Erowid Arundo Donax vault
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