Arundo

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Arundo
Arundo.donax1web.jpg
Giant cane (Arundo donax)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Arundinoideae
Tribe: Arundineae
Genus: Arundo
Tourn. ex L.
Type species
Arundo donax
L.[1]
Synonyms[2]
  • Donax P.Beauv. 1812, illegitimate homonym not Lour. 1790
  • Eudonax Fr.
  • Scolochloa Mert. & W.D.J.Koch
  • Amphidonax Nees
  • Donacium Fr.

Arundo is a genus of stout, perennial plants in the grass family.

Arundo is native to southern Europe, North Africa, and much of temperate Asia as far east as Japan.[3] They grow to 3–6 m tall, occasionally to 10 m, with leaves 30–60 cm long and 3–6 cm broad.

Species[2][4]
  1. Arundo collina Ten.
  2. Arundo donax L. – Giant cane, Spanish cane (south and east Mediterranean, to India; naturalised in many additional areas and often invasive)
  3. Arundo formosana Hack. - Nansei-shoto, Taiwan, Philippines
  4. Arundo mediterranea Danin - Mediterranean
  5. Arundo micrantha Lam. - Mediterranean
  6. Arundo plinii Turra – Pliny's reed - Greece, Italy, Albania, Croatia
formerly included[2]

over 200 species once considered part of Arundo but now regarded as better suited to other genera: Achnatherum, Agrostis, Ammophila, Ampelodesmos, Arthrostylidium, Arundinaria, Austroderia, Austrofestuca, Bambusa, Calamagrostis, Calammophila, Calamovilfa, Chionochloa, Chusquea, Cinna, Cortaderia, Dendrocalamus, Deschampsia, Dupontia, Gastridium, Gigantochloa, Graphephorum, Gynerium, Imperata, Indocalamus, Melica, Miscanthus, Molinia, Muhlenbergia, Neyraudia, Phalaris, Phragmites, Poa, Psammochloa, Rytidosperma, Saccharum, Schizostachyum, Scolochloa, Stipa, Thysanolaena, Trisetaria.

See also

References

  1. ^ lectotype designated by Hitchcock, Prop. Brit. Bot. 121 (1929)
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Watson L, Dallwitz MJ. (2008). "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references". The Grass Genera of the World. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  4. ^ The Plant List search for Arundo
  • Douce, R. 1994. The biological pollution of Arundo donax in river estuaries and beaches. Pp. 11–13 In: Jackson, N.E. et al. Arundo donax workshop.
  • Dudley, T. and B. Collins. 1995. Biological invasions in California wetlands: the impacts and control of non-indigenous species in natural areas. Pacific Institute for SIDES, Oakland, CA.
  • Frandsen,. P. 1994. Team Arundo: a model for inter-agency cooperation. Pp. 35–40 In: Jackson, N. et al. Arundo donax workshop.
  • Frandsen, P. and N. Jackson. 1994. The impact of Arundo donax on flood control and endangered species. Pp. 13–16 In: Jackson, N. et al. Arundo donax workshop.
  • Hoshovsky, M. 1988. Element stewardship abstract: Arundo donax. The Nature Conservancy, San Francisco, CA.
  • Iverson, M. Pp19–26 In: Jackson, N.E. et al. Arundo donax workshop.
  • Scott, G.D. 1994. Fire threat from Arundo donax. Pp. 17–18 In: Jackson, N. et al. Arundo donax workshop.

External links

  • Germplasm Resources Information Network: Arundo
  • Erowid Arundo Donax vault
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