Arthur Blomfield

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Sir Arthur Blomfield
Arthur Blomfield.jpg
Born (1829-03-06)6 March 1829
Fulham Palace, London
Died 30 October 1899(1899-10-30) (aged 70)
Nationality British
Alma mater University of Cambridge, Trinity College, Cambridge
Occupation Architect
Awards Royal Gold Medal (1891)
Buildings Royal College of Music in London, Selwyn College, Cambridge, St. George's Anglican Cathedral in Georgetown, Guyana
Projects Southwark Cathedral restoration

Sir Arthur William Blomfield ARA (6 March 1829 – 30 October 1899) was an English architect. He became president of the Architectural Association in 1861; a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1867 and vice-president of the RIBA in 1886. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge where he read architecture.

Background

The fourth son of Charles James Blomfield, Anglican Bishop of London, who began a programme of new church construction in the capital. Born in Fulham Palace, Arthur Blomfield was educated at Rugby and Trinity College, Cambridge.[1] He was then articled as an architect to Philip Charles Hardwick, and subsequently obtained a large practice on his own account.[2]

Blomfield's Alma Mater, Trinity College, Cambridge

The young Thomas Hardy joined Blomfield's practice as assistant architect in April 1862, and the writer remained friends with Blomfield. He became president of the Architectural Association in 1861; a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1867 (proposed by George Gilbert Scott, H Brandon and J P Seddon); and vice-president of the RIBA in 1886.[2] In 1889, he was knighted. He was awarded the Royal Gold Medal in 1891.

He was twice married. His second wife, Lady Blomfield, was an author and humanitarian.[3] He had two sons, Charles J. Blomfield and Arthur Conran Blomfield (1863–1935), who he brought up to his own profession, of which they became distinguished representatives.[2] His nephew, Sir Reginald Blomfield, apprenticed under him, went on to design numerous buildings, public works, and sculpture, including the Cross of Sacrifice or War Cross, for the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. These are in Commonwealth cemeteries in many countries.

Major works

St.Peter's in Eastgate. A replacement for a medieval church, St.Peter's is the combined work of three eminent architects: nave & chancel by Sir Arthur Blomfield (1870), south aisle by Temple Moore (1914) and the chancel decoration by George Frederick Bodley (1884)

In 1882 Blomfield designed the Royal College of Music in London. In 1887 he became architect to the Bank of England and, in association with A. E. Street, designed the Law courts Branch in Fleet Street.[1] A. E. Street was the son of the architect G.E. Street.[citation needed]

In 1890-7 he rebuilt the nave of St. Saviour's parish church, Southwark (now Southwark Cathedral), replacing an earlier reconstruction of 1839–40.[4] It is a notable example of his use of a Gothic Revival style. He was highly regarded as a restorer;[2] a spokesman for the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings said of his 1898 restoration of Salisbury Cathedral spire "conducted in the most conservative way possible... I am confident that anyone who had been privileged to see the work that is being done... would not withhold his subscriptions even though he was as ardent an anti-restorer as your obedient servant."[5]

In 1899 he completed St. George's Anglican Cathedral in Georgetown, Guyana, which was the tallest wooden church in the world until 2003 when the Peri Monastery near Săpânţa in northern Romania was completed.

The Royal College of Music was designed by Sir Arthur Blomfield

Other works (in chronological order)

As Sir A.W. Blomfield and Sons

References

  1. ^ a b "Blomfield, Arthur William (BLMT847AW)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ a b c d  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Blomfield, Sir Arthur William". Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 76. 
  3. ^ Memorial to a shining star London, United Kingdom, 10 August 2003 (BWNS)
  4. ^ Worley, George (1905). Southwark Cathedral. Bell's Cathedrals. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 48. Retrieved 7 October 2011. 
  5. ^ William Morris and the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings, Andrea Elizabeth Donovan, Routledge 2008 ISBN 0-203-93790-2 (p.72)
  6. ^ St Leonard's Church, Linley, Shropshire, Churches Conservation Trust, retrieved 21 August 2013 
  7. ^ "Hornsey, including Highgate: Churches | British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 2017-12-04. 
  8. ^ Pevsner, 1966, page 299
  9. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 305
  10. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 436
  11. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 419
  12. ^ Pevsner, 1966, page 87
  13. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1979). Buckinghamshire. London: Penguin Books. p. 225. 
  14. ^ Pevsner, 1960, page 132
  15. ^ a b c d e f Homan 1984, page 105
  16. ^ Jackson's Oxford Journal, 17 October 1868
  17. ^ Pevsner, 1966, page 136
  18. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 290
  19. ^ Homan 1984, page 97
  20. ^ British-history.ac.uk
  21. ^ Chawton Village information
  22. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 734
  23. ^ http://history.wiltshire.gov.uk/community/getchurch.php?id=1371
  24. ^ Victorianweb.org
  25. ^ Pevsner, 1966, page 124
  26. ^ "Re-opening of Netherseal Church". Leicester Journal. Leicester. 8 May 1874. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  27. ^ Pevsner, 1960, page 172
  28. ^ A P Baggs, Diane K Bolton, M A Hicks and R B Pugh, 'Hornsey, including Highgate: Churches', in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 6, Friern Barnet, Finchley, Hornsey With Highgate, ed. T F T Baker and C R Elrington (London, 1980), pp. 172-182. British History Online, online resource accessed 8 January 2017.
  29. ^ Pevsner, 1967, page 471
  30. ^ Pevsner & Cherry 1975, p. 187.
  31. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 856
  32. ^ Denny, Barbara (1997). 'Fulham Past'. London: Historical Publications. pp. 35–39. ISBN 0 948667 43 5. 
  33. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 646
  34. ^ Historic England (2011). "Church of St John the Evangelist, Upper Maze Hill, St Leonard's, Hastings, East Sussex (1043400)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 May 2011. 
  35. ^ a b c Pevsner & Hubbard, 1971, pages 135+, 265, 324
  36. ^ Buildingphotography.co.uk
  37. ^ a b Pevsner, 1966, page 262
  38. ^ Standrewsleytonstone.org Archived 11 March 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  39. ^ Pevsner & Cherry 1975, p. 554.
  40. ^ CADW Listing page 16
  41. ^ Pevsner, 1960, page 131
  42. ^ Lissparishchurch.co.uk[permanent dead link]
  43. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 304
  44. ^ Cracknell, 2005, countyasylums.com
  45. ^ Historic England. "Details from image database (290669)". Images of England. Retrieved 30 November 2009. 
  46. ^ St Werburgh's Church, Derby, Deryshire, Churches Conservation Trust, retrieved 21 August 2013 
  47. ^ Ireland.anglican.org
  48. ^ Philip Smith (writer), An Introduction to the Architectural Heritage of County Wicklow (Dublin: Wordwell Press / Government of Ireland, Department of the Environment, Heritage, and Local Government, National Inventory of Architectural Heritage, 2004). pp. 2–3, 70–71.
  49. ^ Historic England, "Glenesk Mausoleum (1064757)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 5 February 2016 
  50. ^ Stmichaelsabbeywood.co.uk

Sources

External links

  • Profile on Royal Academy of Arts Collections
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