Army National Guard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Army National Guard
Seal of the United States Army National Guard.svg
Seal of the Army National Guard
Active As state-funded militia under various names: 1636–1903
As federal reserve forces called the Army National Guard: 1903–present
Country  United States
Size 343,000 (proposed end strength for Fiscal Year 2018)
Part of  United States Army
Seal of the United States National Guard.svg United States National Guard
Garrison/HQ Army National Guard Readiness Center, Arlington Hall
Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
Nickname(s) Army Guard, The Guard
Anniversaries 13 December 1636 (founding)
Director of the Army National Guard LTG Timothy J. Kadavy
Chief, National Guard Bureau Gen Joseph L. Lengyel

The Army National Guard (ARNG), in conjunction with the Air National Guard, is a militia force and a federal military reserve force of the United States. They are simultaneously part of two different organizations, the Army National Guard of the several states, territories and the District of Columbia (also referred to as the Militia of the United States), and the Army National Guard of the United States. The Army National Guard is divided into subordinate units stationed in each of the 50 states, three territories, and the District of Columbia, and operates under their respective governors.[1]


The Army National Guard as currently authorized and organized operates under Title 10 of the United States Code when under federal control, and Title 32 of the United States Code and applicable state laws when under state control. The Army National Guard may be called up for active duty by the state or territorial governors to help respond to domestic emergencies and disasters, such as those caused by hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes, as well as civil disorder.[1] The District of Columbia Army National Guard is a federal militia, controlled by the President of the United States with authority delegated to the Secretary of Defense, and through him to the Secretary of the Army.[2]

Members or units of the Army National Guard may be ordered, temporarily or indefinitely, into the service of the United States.[3][4] If mobilized for federal service, the member or unit becomes part of the Army National Guard of the United States, which is a reserve component of the United States Army.[5][6][7] Individuals volunteering for active federal service may do so subject to the consent of their governors.[8] Governors generally cannot veto involuntary activations of individuals or units for federal service, either for training or national emergency.[9] (See Perpich v. Department of Defense.)

The President may also call up members and units of the Army National Guard, in its status as the militia of the several states, to repel invasion, suppress rebellion, or enforce federal laws.[10] The Army National Guard of the United States is one of two organizations administered by the National Guard Bureau, the other being the Air National Guard of the United States. The Director of the Army National Guard is the head of the organization, and reports to the Chief of the National Guard Bureau. Because the Army National Guard is both the militia of the several states and a federal reserve component of the Army, neither the Chief of the National Guard Bureau nor the Director of the Army National Guard "commands" it. This function is performed in each state or territory by the State Adjutant General, and in the District of Columbia by the Commanding General of the District of Columbia National Guard when a unit is in its militia status. The Chief of the National Guard Bureau and the Director of the Army National Guard serve as the channel of communications between the Department of the Army and the Army National Guard in each state and territory, and administer federal programs, policies, and resources for the National Guard.[11]

The Army National Guard's portion of the president's proposed federal budget for Fiscal Year 2018 is approximately $16.2 billion to support an end strength of 343,000, including appropriations for personnel pay and allowance, facilities maintenance, construction, equipment maintenance and other activities.[12]


Presidents who served in Army National Guard

Of the 45 individuals to serve as President of the United States as of 2017, 33 had military experience. Of those 33, 21 served in the militia or Army National Guard.

(Note: President George W. Bush served in the National Guard in the late 1960s and early 1970s, and he was the first Air National Guard member to attain the presidency.)[58]

Prominent members


National Guard Bureau organizational chart depicting command and reporting relationships.
Army National Guard staff organizational chart
Raymond H. Fleming, first Director, Army National Guard.
Timothy J. Kadavy is the current director of the Army National Guard

Upon the creation of the United States Air Force in 1948, which included the Air National Guard, the National Guard Bureau was organized into two divisions, Army and Air, each headed by a major general who reported to the Chief of the National Guard Bureau. Each Director's position was later upgraded to a lieutenant general's assignment. The Army National Guard is also authorized a deputy director. Originally a brigadier general, the post was later upgraded to major general. Individuals who served as director or deputy director and subsequently served as NGB Chief include: Fleming; McGowan; Greenlief; Weber; Temple; Rees (acting); and Grass.

The Director of the Army National Guard oversees a staff which aids in planning and day-to-day organization and management. In addition to a chief of staff, the Director's staff includes several special staff members, including a chaplain and protocol and awards specialists. It also includes a primary staff, which is organized as directorates, divisions, and branches. The directorates of the Army National Guard staff are arranged along the lines of a typical American military staff: G-1 for personnel; G-2 for intelligence; G-3 for plans, operations and training; G-4 for logistics; G-5 for strategic plans, policy and communications; G-6 for communications; and G-8 for budgets and financial management.

The following is a list of the Directors of the Army National Guard since the creation of the position:

Deputy Directors

Judd H. Lyons, Deputy Director, Army National Guard, 2013–2015.

The individuals who have served as Deputy Director since 1970 are:

Units and formations

Deployable Army units are organized as table of organization and equipment (TOE) or modified table of organization (MTOE) organizations. Non-deployable units, such as a state's joint force headquarters or regional training institute are administered as table of distribution and allowance (TDA) units.[87]



In addition to many deployable units which are non-divisional, the Army National Guard's deployable units include eight Infantry divisions.[88] These divisions, their subordinate brigades or brigades with which the divisions have a training oversight relationship, and the states represented by the largest units include:[89]

28th Division
29th Division
34th Division
35th Division
36th Division
38th Division
40th Division
42nd Division

Multifunctional Support Brigades

The Army National Guard fields 37 multifunctional support brigades.

Maneuver Enhancement Brigades

Field Artillery Brigades

Sustainment Brigades

Military Intelligence Brigades

Functional Support Brigades & Groups

Engineer Brigades

Air Defense Artillery Brigades

Signal Brigades

Military Police Brigades

Theater Aviation Brigades

Other Brigades


Regular Army - Army National Guard Partnership

In 2016, the Army and the Army National Guard began a training and readiness initiative that aligned some Army brigades with National Guard division headquarters, and some National Guard brigades with Army division headquarters. Among others, this program included the National Guard's 86th Infantry Brigade Combat Team becoming affiliated with the Army's 10th Mountain Division[90] and the National Guard's 1st Battalion, 143rd Infantry Regiment affiliating with the Army's 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team.[91] In addition, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division began an affiliation with the National Guard's 36th Infantry Division.[92]

In addition, United States Army Reserve units participating in the program include:

Army units partnering with Army National Guard headquarters include:

By state

Myles Deering, State Adjutant General of Oklahoma, 2009–2014.

The Army and Air National Guard in each state are headed by the State Adjutant General. The Adjutant General (TAG) is the de facto commander of a state's military forces, and reports to the state governor.[93]

Legacy units and formations

Shoulder sleeve insignia of 47th Infantry Division, inactivated 1991.
Shoulder sleeve insignia of 50th Armored Division, inactivated 1993.

Several units have been affected by Army National Guard reorganizations. Some have been renamed or inactivated. Some have had subordinate units reallocated to other commands. A partial list of inactivated major units includes:

See also

Comparable organizations


  1. ^ a b Military Reserves Federal Call Up Authority
  2. ^ National Archives and Records Administration, Executive Order 11485—Supervision and control of the National Guard of the District of Columbia, 1 October 1969
  3. ^ 10 USC 12211. Officers: Army National Guard of the United States
  4. ^ 10 USC 12107. Army National Guard of United States; Air National Guard of the United States: enlistment in
  5. ^ 32 USC 101. Definitions (NATIONAL GUARD)
  6. ^ 10 USC 12401. Army and Air National Guard of the United States: status
  7. ^ 10 USC 10105. Army National Guard of the United States: composition
  8. ^ North Atlantic Treaty organization, Fact Sheet, National Reserve Forces Status: United States of America, 2006, page 1
  9. ^ National Guard Bureau, Today in Guard History (June), 11 June 1990, 2013
  10. ^ 10 USC 12406. National Guard in Federal service: call
  11. ^ Cornell University, legal Information Institute, 10 USC § 10503 – Functions of National Guard Bureau: Charter, accessed 20 June 2013
  12. ^ Matthews, William (July 1, 2017). "Busting The Caps". National Guard. Arlington, VA. 
  13. ^ Mark Lardas, George Washington: Leadership; Strategy; Conflict, 2011
  14. ^ Aaron Bancroft, The Life of George Washington, 1855, page 39
  15. ^ Fawn McKay Brodie, Thomas Jefferson: An Intimate History, 1974, page 112
  16. ^ Ralph Louis Ketcham, James Madison: A Biography, page 64
  17. ^ Michael Teitelbaum, James Monroe, 2002, page 14
  18. ^ Carl Cavanagh Hodge, Cathal J. Nolan, US Presidents and Foreign Policy, 2007, page 45
  19. ^ H.W. Brands, Andrew Jackson: His Life and Times, 2006, page 90
  20. ^ Samuel Putnam Waldo, Memoirs of Andrew Jackson, 1819, pages 41–42
  21. ^ Spencer Tucker, James R. Arnold, Roberta Wiener, Paul G. Pierpaoli, John C. Fredrikse, editors, The Encyclopedia Of the War Of 1812, 2012, page 331
  22. ^ James Hall, A Memoir of the Public Services of William Henry Harrison of Ohio, 1836, page 310
  23. ^ Stuart L. Butler, Defending the Old Dominion: Virginia and Its Militia in the War of 1812, 2012, page 282
  24. ^ Louise A. Mayo, President James K. Polk: The Dark Horse President, 2006, age 14
  25. ^ United States Army, Soldiers, 1980, page 4
  26. ^ Barbara Bennett Peterson, Sarah Childress Polk, First Lady of Tennessee and Washington, 2002, page 5
  27. ^ John Seigenthaler, James K. Polk: The American Presidents Series: The 11th President, 1845–1849, 2004, page 34
  28. ^ Roger Sherman Skinner, editor, The New-York State Register for 1830–1831, 1830, page 361
  29. ^ Buffalo Historical Society, Publications, Volume 10, 1907, page xxxii
  30. ^ John Farmer, G. Parker Lyon, editors, The New-Hampshire Annual Register, and United States Calendar, 1832, page 53
  31. ^ Ralph E. Eshelman, A Travel Guide to the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake, 2011, page 114
  32. ^ Philip Shriver Klein, President James Buchanan: A Biography, 1962, page 18
  33. ^ Illinois Adjutant General's Office, Record of the Services of Illinois Soldiers in the Black Hawk War, 1831–32 and in the Mexican War, 1846–48, 1882, pages 100, 176, 183
  34. ^ Hans L. Trefousse, Andrew Johnson: A Biography, 1997, page 14
  35. ^ James Knox Polk, author, Wayne Cutler, Herbert Weaver, editors, Correspondence of James K. Polk, Volume 7, 1989, page 439
  36. ^ Kate Havelin, Andrew Johnson, 2004, page 21
  37. ^ Gary L. Donhardt, In the Shadow of the Great Rebellion: The Life of Andrew Johnson, Seventeenth President of the United States, (1808–1875), 2007, page 6
  38. ^ Clifton R. Hall, Andrew Johnson: Military Governor of Tennessee, 1916, page 19
  39. ^ James S. Brisbin, The Campaign Lives of Ulysses S Grant and Schuyler Colfax, 1868, pages 58–59
  40. ^ Ulysses Simpson Grant, The Papers of Ulysses S. Grant: April–September 1861, 1967, page 29
  41. ^ William Farina, Ulysses S. Grant, 1861–1864: His Rise from Obscurity to Military Greatness, 2007, page 22
  42. ^ William Dean Howells, Sketch of the Life and Character of Rutherford B. Hayes, 1876, page 29
  43. ^ Hardesty's Historical and Geographical Encyclopedia, Military and Personal Sketches of Ohio's Rank and File from Sandusky County in the War of the Rebellion, 1885, republished on the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center web site
  44. ^ John Clark Ridpath, The Life and Work of James A. Garfield, 1881, pages 91–92
  45. ^ James T. Wall, Wall Street and the Fruited Plain: Money, Expansion, and Politics in the Gilded Age, 2008, page 82
  46. ^ Emma Rogers, Chester A. Arthur: Man and President, 1921, page 7–9
  47. ^ Lew Wallace, Murat Halstead, Life and Public Services of Hon. Benjamin Harrison, 1892, pages 178–181
  48. ^ Newburgh Daily Journal, "Death of General Harrison", 14 March 1901
  49. ^ Muncie Free Press, Daniels adds President Benjamin Harrison to Hoosier Heritage Portrait Collection, 20 March 2009
  50. ^ Eric Foner, Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution, 1863–1877, 2002, page 584
  51. ^ John W. Tyler, The Life of William McKinley, 1901, page 37
  52. ^ Kevin Phillips, William McKinley: The American Presidents Series: The 25th President, 1897–1901, 2003, page 23
  53. ^ William Montgomery Clemens, The Ancestry of Theodore Roosevelt, 1914, page 11
  54. ^ Bill Bleyer, Long Island Newsday, "Roosevelt's Medal of Honor Coming to LI", 21 February 2001
  55. ^ Gabriele Arnold, Harry S. Truman – His Foreign Policy, 2006, page 4
  56. ^ Michael J. Devine, Harry S. Truman, the State of Israel, and the Quest for Peace in the Middle East, 2009, page 93
  57. ^ Harry S. Truman, Bess Wallace Truman, Dear Bess: The Letters from Harry to Bess Truman, 1910–1959, 1998, page 306
  58. ^ Clarke Rountree, George W. Bush: A Biography, 2010, pages xviii–xix
  59. ^ Army National Guard, History of the Army National Guard, 1636–2000, Appendix 2, Directors of the Army National Guard, page 346
  60. ^ National Guard Bureau, Biography, Clyde A. Vaughn, 2008
  61. ^ National Guard Bureau, Biography, Raymond W. Carpenter, 2011
  62. ^ National Guard Bureau, Biography, William E. Ingram, Jr., 2012
  63. ^ Sgt. 1st Class Jim Greenhill , National Guard Bureau, Retiring Army Guard Director: Preserve This National Treasure, 14 January 2014
  64. ^ Michelle Tan, Army Times, Director of Army National Guard Retires, 14 January 2014
  65. ^ Chief of the National Guard Bureau Twitter Feed, 14 April 2015
  66. ^ U.S. House Appropriations Committee, Hearing Record, Biographical sketch, Leonard C. Ward, 1970, page 843
  67. ^ National Guard Association of the United States, The National Guardsman, Jelinek Named ARNG Director, Volumes 26–27, 1972, page 40
  68. ^ National Guard Association of the United States, National Guardsman magazine, State Staff Changes, Volumes 30–31, 1976, page 38
  69. ^ Turner Publishing Company, The Military Order of World Wars, 1996, page 60
  70. ^ U.S. Senate Appropriations Committee, Hearing Record, Department of Defense Appropriations for Fiscal Year 1985, Biographical sketch, Richard D. Dean, 1984, page 200
  71. ^ Diane Publishing Company, Hispanics in America's Defense, 1997, page 129
  72. ^ U.S. House Armed Services Committee, Hearing Record, National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal year 1993, Biographical sketch, John R, D'Araujo, Jr., 1992, page 52
  73. ^ US Field Artillery Association, Field Artillery Bulletin, 1995, page 25
  74. ^ Minuteman Institute for National Defense Studies, Biography, Michael J. Squier, 2007
  75. ^ Defense Daily, Personnel Moves, 28 June 2002
  76. ^ U.S. Army Warrant Officers Association, Newsliner magazine, Biography, Frank J. Grass, October, 2012, page 8
  77. ^ Michael Dann, National Guard Bureau, Nuttall Becomes Army Guard's Deputy Director, 24 August 2006
  78. ^ U.S. House Armed Services Committee, National Guard Bureau Biography, Raymond W. Carpenter, 2009, page 1
  79. ^ National Guard Bureau, Chief Names New ARNG Deputy Director[permanent dead link], 26 June 2009
  80. ^ Mark Thompson, Time magazine, No (Strategic) Reservations, 19 April 2013
  81. ^ Army Times, Neb. Guard Chief Named Deputy Director of Army National Guard, 28 May 2013
  82. ^ Army National Guard, Army National Guard: leaders, retrieved 23 January 2014
  83. ^ "Biography, Major General Judd H. Lyons". National Guard Bureau General Officer Management Office. National Guard Bureau. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  84. ^ "Awards and Citations, Walter E. Fountain". Hall of Valor. Military Times. Retrieved 16 February 2016. 
  85. ^ "Awards and Citations, Timothy J. Wojtecki". Hall of Valor. Military Times. Retrieved 17 February 2016. 
  86. ^ "Biography, Timothy M. McKeithen". General Officer Management Office. National Guard Bureau. 1 October 2015. 
  87. ^ U.S. Army Center of Military History, History of Table of Distribution and Allowances (TDA) Units, 30 May 1995, updated 20 May 2011
  88. ^ Richard Goldenberg, U.S. Army , National Guard Division Leaders Gather to Face Challenges for Missions at Home, Overseas, 9 June 2010
  89. ^ University of North Texas, U.S. Army National Guard, 17 January 2013
  90. ^ Dwyer, Brian (17 October 2016). "Patching Ceremony Unites 10th Mountain Division and Vermont Army National Guard Unit". TCW News. Watertown, NY. 
  91. ^ Tan, Michelle (19 August 2016). "Army units change patches as part of active, Guard and Reserve pilot program". Army Times. Springfield, VA. 
  92. ^ Block, Gordon (20 October 2016). "Programs link Fort Drum soldiers with Army Guard, Reserve personnel". Watertown Daily Times. Watertown, NY. 
  93. ^ Bowling Green Daily News, Guard's Command Structure Unique in the Armed Forces, 27 June 1999
  94. ^ National Guard Educational Foundation, 26th Infantry Division, 2011
  95. ^ National Guard Educational Foundation, 27th Infantry Division, 2011
  96. ^ National Guard Educational Foundation, 27th Armored Division[permanent dead link], 2011
  97. ^ "Ceremonies Today for 30th Armored". The Tennessean. Nashville, TV. 28 October 1973. p. 11. (Subscription required (help)). The 30th Armored Division of the Tennessee National Guard will be retired today... 
  98. ^ National Guard Educational Foundation, 30th Infantry Division, 2011
  99. ^ Tuscaloosa News, 31st Dixie Division Turning to Armor, 19 January 1968.
  100. ^ Wisconsin Historical Society, Dictionary of Wisconsin History, Red Arrow Division, accessed 19 June 2013
  101. ^ New York Times, Illinois Commander of Guard Replaced, 4 March 1968
  102. ^ Al Goldberg, Toldeo Blade, Taps Sounds for Ohio Guard's Famed 37th, 18 February 1968
  103. ^ National Guard Education Foundation, 39th Infantry Division Archived 29 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine., 2011
  104. ^ California State Military Museum, Lineages and Honors of the California National Guard: 40th Armored Brigade Headquarters and Headquarters Company, accessed 19 June 2013
  105. ^ Tri-City Herald, Taps For The 41st, 8 June 1967
  106. ^ Washington Army National Guard, Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 81st Brigade Combat Team, 2007
  107. ^ Associated Press, The Telegraph, Yankee Infantry Division is Facing Reorganization, 30 November 1967
  108. ^ Eugene Register-Standard, Army Disbands 44th Division, 18 September 1954
  109. ^ National Guard Education Foundation, 45th Infantry Division, 2011
  110. ^ National Guard Educational Foundation, 46th Infantry Division, 2011
  111. ^ Minnesota Military Museum, The 47th "Viking" Infantry Division, 1991
  112. ^ National Guard Educational Foundation, 48th Armored Division Archived 27 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine., 2011
  113. ^ Texas Army National Guard, History of the 36th Infantry Division Archived 5 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine., accessed 19 June 2013
  114. ^ Texas Military Forces Museum, 36th Infantry Division, The "Texas" Division, accessed 19 June 2013
  115. ^ U.S. House Appropriations Committee, Hearing Record, Department of Defense Appropriations for 1995, Volume 1, 1994, page 296

External links

  • Army National Guard News
  • National Guard Web Site
  • Army National Guard Web Site
  • Army National Guard Recruiting
  • Unit Designations in the Army Modular Force, accessed 23 November 2006
  • National Guard Maneuver Enhancement Brigade's Role in Domestic Missions
  • Guard Knowledge Online
  • Army National Guard on Facebook
Retrieved from ""
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia :
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Army National Guard"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA