Armistice of Villa Giusti

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The Armistice of Villa Giusti ended warfare between Italy and Austria-Hungary on the Italian Front during World War I. The armistice was signed on 3 November 1918 in the Villa Giusti, outside Padua in the Veneto, northern Italy, and took effect 24 hours later.[1]

Background

By the end of October 1918 the Austro-Hungarian Army found itself in such a state that its commanders were forced to seek a ceasefire.

At the final stage of the Battle of Vittorio Veneto, the troops of Austria-Hungary were defeated, ceased to exist as a combat force and started a chaotic withdrawal. From 28 October onwards, Austria-Hungary sought to negotiate a truce but hesitated to sign the text of armistice. In the meantime the Italians reached Trento, Udine, and landed in Trieste. After the threat to break off the negotiations, on 3 November the Austro-Hungarians accepted the terms. The cease-fire would be started at 3.00 pm on 4 November, but due to a unilateral order of the Austro-Hungarian high command, the empire's forces stopped fighting on 3 November. After the war, the Kingdom of Italy annexed the Southern Tyrol (modern Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol), according to Treaty of London terms as well as Trieste and the Austrian Littoral.

Historical image of Villa Giusti
Austro-Hungarian plenipotentiaries enter Villa Giusti

Signatories

Italy:

  • Tenente Generale Pietro Badoglio
  • Maggior Generale Scipione Scipioni
  • Colonnello Tullio Marchetti
  • Colonnello Pietro Gazzera
  • Colonnello Pietro Maravigna
  • Colonnello Alberto Pariani
  • Capitano di Vascello Francesco Accinni

Austria-Hungary:

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.forost.ungarisches-institut.de/pdf/19181103-1.pdf

External links

  • Text of the armistice


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