Armed Forces of South Russia

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Armed Forces of South Russia
Юг россии.PNG
Most territory controlled by South Russian forces as of October 1919
Active 8 January 1919 – April 1920
Country Russia
Allegiance Russia GCAFSR
Size 85,000 (January 1919)
160,000 (July 1919)
270,000 (October 1919)

Russian Civil War

Ukrainian Civil War

Commander-in-Chief Anton Denikin

The Armed Forces of South Russia or AFSR (Russian: Вооружённые силы Юга России, translit. Vooruzhyonniyye sily Yuga Rossii) were formed on 8 January 1919, it incorporated many of the smaller formations of the White Army in South of Russia (called "White South" in Soviet historiography), including the Volunteer Army (which was renamed the Caucasian Volunteer Army). Besides that, the AFSR included the Don Army, the Crimean-Azov Army, the Forces of Northern Caucasus and the Army of Turkestan.

In January it numbered 51,000 Infantry, 34,000 Cavalry, 204 Field guns, 682 machine guns and 6 armoured trains. By July 1919 it had grown to 104,000 Infantry, 56,000 Cavalry, 600 Field guns, 1,500 machine guns, 19 aircraft, 34 armoured trains, 1 Cruiser, 5 Destroyers, 4 Submarines and 20 Gunboats.[citation needed] By October, after heavy losses and the transfer of units to other armies, the armies' strength fell drastically.[dubious ]

In April 1920 Anton Denikin, commander-in-chief of the AFSR, delegated all authority to Pyotr Vrangel, who took command of the so-called "Russian Army", which included all units remaining from the AFSR after its defeat.

Order of Battle of the AFSR, early 1919

Volunteer Army (known as Caucasian Volunteer Army from January–May 1919)

Don White Army.svg Don Army
  • Northern Group (Starshina Semiletov)
  • Southern Group (Gen. S. Denisov)
  • Trans-Don (Zadonskaya) Group (Col. Bykadorov)
Army of the Caucasus
  • 1st Kuban Corps (Gen. Pokrovsky)
  • 2nd Kuban Corps (Gen. Ulaguy, later Gen. Nahumenko)
  • 4th Kuban Corps (Gen. Shatilov, later Gen. Toporkov)
Army of Turkestan
  • Zakaspiyskaya Composite Inf. Division (Maj. Gen. Lazarev)
  • Turkestankaya Rifle Division (Maj. Gen. Litvinov)
  • Cavalry Division (Maj. Gen. Oraz-Khan Sedar)


See also


  • Н.Е.Какурин, И.И.Вацетис "Гражданская война. 1918-1921" (N.E.Kakurin, I.I.Vacietis "Civil War. 1918-1921") - Sankt-Peterburg, "Polygon" Publishing House, 2002. ISBN 5-89173-150-9
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