Arkadiko Bridge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Arkadiko Bridge
(Kazarma Bridge)
Arkadiko Mycenaean Bridge II.JPG
Arkadiko Mycenaean Bridge
Coordinates 37°35′37″N 22°56′15″E / 37.59363°N 22.937556°E / 37.59363; 22.937556Coordinates: 37°35′37″N 22°56′15″E / 37.59363°N 22.937556°E / 37.59363; 22.937556
Carries Mycenaean road TirynsEpidauros
Locale Arkadiko, Argolis, Greece
Characteristics
Design Corbel arch bridge
Material Cyclopean stone
Total length 22 m
Width 2.50 m
Height 4 m
Longest span Ca. 1 m
No. of spans 1
History
Opened Ca. 1300-1190 BC (LHIII)

The Arkadiko Bridge or Kazarma Bridge is a Mycenaean bridge near the modern road from Tiryns to Epidauros on the Peloponnese, Greece. Dating to the Greek Bronze Age, it is one of the oldest arch bridges still in existence and use today.

The corbel arch bridge belonged in Mycenaean times to a highway between the two cities, which formed part of a wider military road network. It has a culvert span of ca. 1 m and is made in the typical Mycenaean manner of Cyclopean stones. The structure is 22 metres (72 ft) long, 5.60 metres (18.4 ft) wide at the base and 4 metres (13 ft) high. The width of the roadway atop is about 2.50 metres (8 ft 2 in). The sophisticated layout of the bridge and the road indicate that they were specifically constructed for use by chariots.[1] Built in the late Late Helladic III (ca. 1300–1190 BC), the bridge is still used by the local populace.[2]

Further Mycenaean bridges in the Argolis

Another Mycenaean bridge nearby

The Arkadiko Bridge is one of only four known Mycenaean corbel arch bridges near Arkadiko, all belonging to the same Bronze Age highway between the two cities, and all of similar design and age. One of them is the Petrogephyri bridge, which crosses the same stream 1 km to the west of the Arkadiko bridge. Otherwise similar in size and appearance, the structure has a larger span and a little higher vault. It, too, is still used as a local track.[1]

A fifth, well-preserved Mycenaean bridge is located in the wider region at Lykotroupi, where it was part of another Mycenaean main road. Its measurements are close to the Arkadiko Bridge: 5.20 metres (17.1 ft) wide at the bottom, 2.40 metres (7 ft 10 in) at the top and with a corbelled arch span of a little more than a metre. The road still features curbs for guiding fast-moving chariots.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c R. Hope Simpson (1998)
  2. ^ Hellenic Ministry of Culture: Mycenaean bridge at Kazarma Archived April 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.

Sources

  • R. Hope Simpson, D. K. Hagel: "Mycenaean Fortifications, Highways, Dams and Canals", Paul Aströms Förlag, Sävedalen, in: Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology, Vol. CXXXIII ISBN 91-7081-212-8
  • R. Hope Simpson, "The Mycenaean Highways", Classical Views, XLII, n.s. 17 (1998), 239–260

Further reading

  • Anton Jansen: "Bronze Age Highways at Mycenae", Classical Views, XLI, n.s. 16 (1997), 1–16

External links

Media related to Bridges around Arkadiko at Wikimedia Commons

  • Arkadiko Bridge at Structurae
  • Mycenaean bridge at Kazarma, Hellenic Ministry of Culture

Coordinates: 37°35′37″N 22°56′15″E / 37.59361°N 22.93750°E / 37.59361; 22.93750

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arkadiko_Bridge&oldid=850887852"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arkadiko_Bridge
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Arkadiko Bridge"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA