Aria Party

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Aria Party
Leader Gen. Hassan Arfaʿ
Military wing commander Gen. Habibollah Deyhami
Founder Hadi Sepehr[1]
Founded 1946[1]
Split from SUMKA
Membership (1951) ~ 300[2]
Ideology Fascism[3]
Chauvinism[4]
Persian nationalism[4]
Pan-Iranism[5]
Anti-Arabism[4]
Anti-communism[1]
Anti-Semitism[1]
Political position Far-right
Colors      Grey[6]

Aria Party (Persian: حزب آریا‎, translit. Ḥezb-e Āryā, lit. 'Aryan party';[1] also spelled Arya and Ariya) was a pro-shah, court-financed[7] political party in Iran known for its pro-British policy and staunch anti-Communist tendency.[2]

Along with other small right-wing parties such as Pan-Iranist Party, it blamed all the social ills of Iranian society on the Muslim conquest of Persia.[4]

Gen. Hassan Arfaʿ was the leader of the party.[2] The party had an active military wing, an entourage of Imperial Iranian Army officers, led by Gen. Deyhami. However the real mastermind behind it was Gen. Hassan Akhavi, who organized events culminating in the 1953 Iranian coup d'état.[2] Col. Hossein Manouchehri, Aminzadeh, Yahyayi and Mahmoud Eram were among the distinguished members.[8]

Members of the party wore gray shirts and caps[6] and mimicked German Nazi appearance.[1] Overall, the party had National Socialist tendencies.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Abrahamian, Ervand (2013), The Coup: 1953, the CIA, and the Roots of Modern U.S.-Iranian Relations, The New Press, pp. 143–147, ISBN 1595588264
  2. ^ a b c d Rahnema, Ali. Behind the 1953 Coup in Iran: Thugs, Turncoats, Soldiers, and Spooks. Cambridge University Press. pp. 54, 299. ISBN 1107076064.
  3. ^ Haddad Adel, Gholamali; Elmi, Mohammad Jafar; Taromi-Rad, Hassan. Political Parties: Selected Entries from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam. EWI Press. p. 11. ISBN 9781908433022.
  4. ^ a b c d Samih K. Farsoun; Mehrdad Mashayekhi (2005). Iran: Political Culture in the Islamic Republic. Routledge. pp. 58–59. ISBN 9781134969470.
  5. ^ Bashiriyeh, Hossein. The State and Revolution in Iran (RLE Iran D). Taylor & Francis. p. 14. ISBN 9781136820892.
  6. ^ a b Middle Eastern Affairs, Council for Middle Eastern Affairs, 1954, p. 257
  7. ^ Gasiorowski, Mark J.; Byrne, Malcolm (2004). Mohammad Mosaddeq and the 1953 Coup in Iran. Syracuse University Press. p. 80. ISBN 0815630182.
  8. ^ Ali Akbar Dareini (1998). The Rise and Fall of the Pahlavi Dynasty: Memoirs of Former General Hussein Fardust. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. pp. 15–16. ISBN 8120816420.


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