Araria

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Araria
City
Araria is located in Bihar
Araria
Araria
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 26°09′N 87°31′E / 26.15°N 87.52°E / 26.15; 87.52Coordinates: 26°09′N 87°31′E / 26.15°N 87.52°E / 26.15; 87.52
Country  India
State Bihar
District Araria
Elevation
47 m (154 ft)
Population
(2001)
 • Total 60,594
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Urdu, Maithili
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
854311, 8543XX
Vehicle registration BR-38
Lok Sabha constituency Araria
Vidhan Sabha constituency Araria
Website http://www.araria.bih.nic.in/

Araria is a city and a municipality that is the headquarters of Araria district in the state of Bihar, India. Araria is situated in the northern part of Bihar.

History

Araria, which was previously part of Purnia district, is part of the Mithila region.[1] Mithila first gained prominence after being settled by Indo-Aryan peoples who established the Mithila Kingdom (also called Kingdom of the Videhas).[2]

During the late Vedic period (c. 1100–500 BCE), Kingdom of the Videhas became one of the major political and cultural centers of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pañcāla. The kings of the Kingdom of the Videhas were called Janakas.[3] The Mithila Kingdom was later incorporated into the Vajji confederacy, which had its capital in the city of Vaishali, which is also in Mithila.[4]

District statistics

Araria is primarily a rural district; 93% of the total population live in the rural areas (713 villages). Only two out of nine tehsils have urban population that is concentrated in Forbesganj and Araria(Census 2001).

In 2008 survey findings, Araria lagged behind the all India average in seven out of eight indicators and also lagged behind the all India level in terms of two more health related indicators. Most of the villages lack some basic infrastructure: 92 percent are without any medical facilities; 20 percent of the villages lack formal facilities of education of any type; 597 out of 713 villages are without electricity; and 50 percent of the villages are without all-weather road connectivity. The overall work participation rate is 40.3 percent, which is much less in case of the female population. Agriculture laborers dominate the labor force (64.7% of the total) that is almost double of the national average.

There is a substantial concentration of minority (mainly Muslims) population. Against the state average of 20.52%, Muslims constitutes 49.4 per cent of the total rural populations, but their percentages are 77.5% in Jokihat, 62.70% of Araria, and 46.8% in Palasi subdivisions. The number of minority groups - Christian, Sikh, Buddhist and Jains - are negligible. The rural literacy rate is 33.2 percent, much below the state and national averages. The worst is female literacy rate, i.e. 20.4%. In other words, only one out of five women is literate. Even sex ratio, i.e., 917 is less than state and all India level.

Geography

Araria is located at 26°09′N 87°31′E / 26.15°N 87.52°E / 26.15; 87.52.[5] It has an average elevation of 47 metres (154 feet). Araria is situated at the northern part of Purnia and Madhepura in Bihar. Borders of Araria are surrounded by Nepal in northern side, Kishanganj in eastern side and Supaul at south-west side. The district came into existence by division of Purnia district on Makar Sankranti day of 1990. The district touches the Indo-Nepal international border also this area is very close to three countries: Nepal, Bangladesh, and Bhutan. Hence, the district is important in terms of security. Jogbani is the last point of Araria and after that, Morang district of Nepal starts. Kosi river used to pass through araria,although it long ago changed its path. Most important river is Panaar. Agriculture has flourished along the banks of this river,although it becomes catastrophic during the rainy season because of floods. A canal also passes through Araria. In clean weather Kangchenjunga range of mountains can be seen from here (specially after rain).[citation needed]

Notable people

The Hindi language writer Phanishwar Nath 'Renu' was born in this district at Aurahi Hingna village where his family still lives.

The movie Teesri Kasam was shot in villages of Araria. It was Basu Bhattacharya's film, based on Mare Gaye Gulfam written by Phanishwar Nath 'Renu', starring Raj Kapoor and Waheeda Rehman. Wasim Rahi Khan Actor at TV Serial & Bollywood Film Industry Village in Kasaila Madanpur. Araria. Subrata Roy founder and chairman of Sahara India was born in Ashram Mohalla of the city.

Taslimuddin Ex member of Loksabha belongs to Jokihat provision of the District.

Heritage and Tourism

Araria is the natural habitat of the Gangetic Dolphins.At the Local rivers of Araria Gangetic Dolphins(South Asian river dolphin) are found. Scientific name of the dolphin is Platanista Gangetica. Average length of dolphins are 2.5 meter.

  • Replica Stoop: It is situated Near Manikpur 5 km far from Araria district headquarter going towards Forbesganj.
  • The six-storey Kali Mandir temple, popularly known as "Kali Mandir".
  • Temple of lord Shiva located at the center of city in the ancient Thakurbari of Araria, known as Shiva Mandir or more commonly as Thakurbari itself.
  • The Araria-Madanpur Shiva Mandir.
  • Shiva temple in Madanpur.
  • Sultan phokher in Forbesganj is important for Hindu and Muslim communities.
  • Maata aasawar mandir in Gidwas is very important for Hindu.
  • Shiva mandir in Sundernath.
  • A mosque (Jama Masjid), attended by Muslim communities from the nearby region,
  • Quba Masjid, is situated near navratan chowk. It is one of the famous mosque of this city.
  • The burial ground (kabristan) is situated in the middle of the city in khalilabad muhalla. Khalilabad mosque is also situated at the same place.
  • Newly constructed Masjid cum madarsa at diyaganj.
  • Vishwa Islamic Ijtema was held at araria in 2013 in which 10-15 lakhs were gathered for spiritual and Islamic gains.

Transport Infrastructure

Railway

Araria is accessible to other parts of India by railways via Katihar Junction railway station

Nearest Railway Station is Araria court & Araria(R S)

Road

Connected with National Highway 57 (India)(Old Numbering)

Buses for most of the districts and internal blocks are available from the bus terminal.

Airport

Nearest airport is Bagdogra Airport

Education

Azad Academy,High School Araria, Girls High School Araria ,Mohini Devi Residential School Araria R.S,Navodaya Vidyalaya,Kendriya Vidyalaya Araria R.S,Scottish public school Araria, Araria public School are main famous schools in Araria.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ https://books.google.co.in/books?id=A0i94Z5C8HMC&lpg=PA30&pg=PA27&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false
  2. ^ Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 13, 17 116–124, 141–143
  3. ^ Witzel, M. (1989). "Tracing the Vedic dialects". In Caillat, C. Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes. Paris: Fondation Hugot. pp. 141–143.
  4. ^ Hemchandra, R. (1972). Political History of Ancient India. Calcutta: University of Calcutta.
  5. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Araria, India". www.fallingrain.com.

References

  • Ararian district profile
  • http://www.udyogmitrabihar.in/docs/dp/araria.pdf
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