Aquamarine Power

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Aquamarine Power Ltd.
Private limited company
Industry Renewable energy
Founded 2005 (2005)
Defunct 2015
Headquarters Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
Key people
Mervyn Jones
Martin McAdam
(Chief Executive Officer)[1]
Products Wave power technologies
Number of employees

Aquamarine Power was a wave energy company, which was founded in 2005 to commercialise a wave energy device concept known as the Oyster wave energy converter. The company's head offices were based in Edinburgh.[2] The company had further operations in Orkney, Ireland, Northern Ireland and the United States. Its chief executive officer was Martin McAdam, who joined the company in 2008.[3] The company was advised by Trevor Whittaker, inventor of the Oyster concept, and Stephen Salter, inventor of the Salter's Duck. [4][5] The company ceased to trade on 20 November 2015.


The Oyster concept originated from studies conducted in 2003 by the wave power research team at Queen's University, Belfast, led by Professor Trevor Whittaker. The Queen's University, Belfast studies were co-funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council[6] and Allan Thomson, who had previously founded and led the UK’s first commercial wave energy company, Wavegen.[7] In 2005, Allan Thomson founded Aquamarine Power to progress the commercialisation of the Oyster device. In 2007 Scottish & Southern Energy subsidiary Renewable Technology Ventures Limited invested in Aquamarine[8] with a further investment in 2010.[9] In February 2009, Aquamarine Power and Queen's University, Belfast signed an agreement to extend their R&D partnership to 2014.

In February 2009, Aquamarine Power signed an agreement with renewable energy company Airtricity, a subsidiary of Scottish & Southern Energy, to develop marine energy sites using the Oyster system.[10] In November 2009, the first full-scale, 315 kW,[11] demonstrator Oyster began producing power when it was launched at the European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC) on Orkney.[12][13]

In March 2012, Aquamarine announced it has plans to install 50 Oyster devices on the seabed off of the Western Isles in Scotland (provisionally dubbed the Orkney Wave Power Station). The project was intended to be able to supply electricity to more than 38,000 homes (2.4 MW in installed capacity).[14]


In November 2009 Aquamarine Power announced an investment of £11m in the business. The principal investor during this investment round was ABB Group who invested £8m.[15] The other investors during the round included Scottish and Southern Energy who invested £2.7m with other historical investors making up the balance of £300k.[16][17] The investors in the business include: ABB, SSE,[18] Sigma Capital Group,[19] Scottish Enterprise[20] and others.


Aquamarine Power won several awards. In 2008 it was named Emerging Technology Promoter of the Year by Ernst & Young Euromoney Global Renewable Energy Awards.[21] In 2009, it was named Innovator of the Year by the British Renewable Energy Association.[22] It also got Innovation Award for Energy of the Engineer Technology and Innovation Awards 2009[23] and Scottish Green Awards for the Best Green Industry SME.[24] In 2010 it was listed on GlobalCleantech 100 list.[25]


On 28 October 2015, BBC News reported that Aquamarine Power had called in administrators.[26] No buyer was found and less than a month later, on 20 November, the company ceased to trade with the loss of fourteen jobs.[27][28][2]

See also


  1. ^ "About us: The team". Aquamarine Power. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Mackie, Gareth (15 December 2015). "Aquamarine Power administrators seek sale of IP". The Scotsman. Retrieved 16 December 2017. 
  3. ^ (20 August 2008). "New boss for Aquamarine Power". Retrieved 17 April 2018. 
  4. ^ "AMP - AMP". AMP. Retrieved 17 April 2018. 
  5. ^ "AMP - AMP". AMP. Retrieved 17 April 2018. 
  6. ^[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 August 2008. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  8. ^ "Wave and tidal power join forces". The Engineer. 1 October 2007. Retrieved 24 November 2015. 
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 September 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2012. 
  10. ^ Hurst, Greg. "Aquamarine Power signs agreement with Airtricity". The Times. London. 
  11. ^ "AMP - AMP". AMP. Retrieved 17 April 2018. 
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 January 2010. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  13. ^[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "Displays of Edinburgh firm's wave power plan for Lewis". BBC News. 3 March 2012. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  15. ^ "Aquamarine Power secures major investment" (Press release). Scottish Enterprise. 24 November 2010. Retrieved 24 November 2015. 
  16. ^ "SSE Venture Capital - The Edinburgh Reporter". Retrieved 17 April 2018. 
  17. ^ "ABB Group invests £11m". [dead link]
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 December 2010. Retrieved 21 December 2010. 
  19. ^ "Aquamarine Power waves hello to £6m investment". Retrieved 17 April 2018. 
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 May 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2010. 
  21. ^$File/Renewable_Energy_Country_Attractiveness_Indices_Q3_2008.pdf
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 March 2010. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  23. ^
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 May 2010. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  25. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 October 2010. Retrieved 13 October 2010. 
  26. ^ "Aquamarine Power calls in administrators". BBC News. 28 October 2015. 
  27. ^ "Jobs lost as wave energy firm Aquamarine Power folds". BBC News. 23 November 2015. 
  28. ^ Macnab, Scott (9 December 2015). "Scots taxpayers lose £35m in failed renewables firms". The Scotsman. Retrieved 16 December 2017. 

External links

  • Aquamarine Power
  • Aquamarine Power on YouTube
  • European Marine Energy Centre
  • Queen's University Belfast
  • Scottish & Southern Energy[permanent dead link]
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