April 1948

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The following events occurred in April 1948:

April 1, 1948 (Thursday)

April 2, 1948 (Friday)

  • US President Harry S. Truman vetoed a $4.8 billion tax reduction bill arguing that it would cause a federal deficit and increase inflation, but Congress overturned the veto just four hours later in one of Truman's worst legislative defeats.[1]
  • The Jean-Paul Sartre play Dirty Hands was first performed at the Theatre Antoine in Paris.
  • Born: Roald Als, cartoonist, in Frederiksberg, Denmark
  • Died: Sabahattin Ali, 41, Turkish writer and journalist (killed at the Bulgarian border); Sawan Singh, 89, Indian Saint known as "The Great Master"

April 3, 1948 (Saturday)

April 4, 1948 (Sunday)

April 5, 1948 (Monday)

April 6, 1948 (Tuesday)

  • Finland and the Soviet Union signed a ten-year military pact that would obligate Finland to resist an armed attack made against Russia by Germany, but allowing Soviet troops to enter Finland "only in case of necessity and only on such terms as may be agreed on between the two countries."[3]
  • On Budget Day in the United Kingdom, Chancellor of the Exchequer Sir Stafford Cripps submitted a budget showing estimated revenue of £3.754 billion against an expenditure of £2.976 billion, with a projected surplus of £330 million once all government expenditures were taken into account.[4] The budget added a graduated tax on investment income and raised taxes on alcohol and gambling, but increased tax allowances on earned income.[5]
  • A Czech Airlines commercial plane en route from Prague to Bratislava was hijacked and flown to the US-controlled zone of Germany near Munich. Three of the crew and most of the 26 passengers aboard were in on the plot and were seeking political asylum. All but five passengers and one crew member told the American authorities that they wanted to stay in Germany rather than go back to Czechoslovakia.[6]
  • The US Golf Association barred Babe Zaharias from playing in the US Open by amending its rules to restrict applicants to men. "As the championship has always been intended to be for men, the eligibility rules have been rephrased to confirm that condition," a communication from the USGA explained.[7]

April 7, 1948 (Wednesday)

April 8, 1948 (Thursday)

  • The Burmese government announced the start of full-scale military operations against guerrillas in Communist-held parts of the country.[8]
  • Died: Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni, 40 or 41, Palestinian military leader (killed in the Palestine War)

April 9, 1948 (Friday)

April 10, 1948 (Saturday)

  • The Einsatzgruppen trial ended in Nuremberg. 14 of the 24 defendants were sentenced to death; the others received prison sentences of varying lengths.
  • Burma's application for membership in the United Nations was approved, but the Soviet Union vetoed Italy's application for the third time.[9]

April 11, 1948 (Sunday)

April 12, 1948 (Monday)

April 13, 1948 (Tuesday)

April 14, 1948 (Wednesday)

April 15, 1948 (Thursday)

April 16, 1948 (Friday)

April 17, 1948 (Saturday)

  • Fighting resumed in the Costa Rican Civil War after a four-day truce, although peace talks continued.[16]
  • Elpidio Quirino became the 6th President of the Philippines the day after Manuel Roxas died in office.
  • A controversy began in Britain when the Daily Herald published a telegram apparently signed by thirty-seven Labour Party MPs wishing success to Pietro Nenni, an Italian socialist politician whose party was in an alliance with the Communists for the upcoming election.[17] When reached for comment, fifteen of the MPs in question would either say that they did not sign the telegram, claim that they only did so through a misunderstanding, or withdraw their support.[18][19]
  • Born: Jan Hammer, musician and record producer, in Prague, Czecheslovakia; Peter Jenni, experimental particle physicist, in Arzier-Le Muids, Switzerland
  • Died: Kantarō Suzuki, 80, Japanese admiral and 42nd Prime Minister of Japan

April 18, 1948 (Sunday)

April 19, 1948 (Monday)

April 20, 1948 (Tuesday)

April 21, 1948 (Wednesday)

April 22, 1948 (Thursday)

April 23, 1948 (Friday)

April 24, 1948 (Saturday)

April 25, 1948 (Sunday)

April 26, 1948 (Monday)

April 27, 1948 (Tuesday)

April 28, 1948 (Wednesday)

April 29, 1948 (Thursday)

April 30, 1948 (Friday)

References

  1. ^ Morris, John D. (April 3, 1948). "Congress Kills Veto, Taxes Cut $4,800,000,000". The New York Times: 1. 
  2. ^ Hinton, Harold B. (April 4, 1948). "Aid Bill Is Signed By Truman as Reply to Foes of Liberty". The New York Times: 1. 
  3. ^ Daniel, Clifton (April 7, 1948). "Finns Sign Treaty As Soviet Buffer; Gain Concessions". The New York Times: 1. 
  4. ^ "Cripps Presents Budget". The Morning Bulletin. Rockhampton, Australia: 1. April 8, 1948. 
  5. ^ Egan, Charles E. (April 7, 1948). "Virtual Tax on Capital Proposed By Cripps in New British Budget". The New York Times: 1, 35. 
  6. ^ "20 Czechs Seize Plane in Midair And Force It to Land in U.S. Zone". The New York Times: 1. April 9, 1948. 
  7. ^ "U. S. Open Barred to Mrs. Zaharias". The New York Times: 33. April 7, 1948. 
  8. ^ "Burma Intensifies War on Communists". The New York Times: 6. April 9, 1948. 
  9. ^ Rosenthal, A. M. (April 11, 1948). "Soviet Again Vetoes Italy; U. S. Asks Non-Voting Role". The New York Times: 1. 
  10. ^ Trussell, C. P. (April 13, 1948). "Military Spending, ERP Given Priority by House Leaders". The New York Times: 1, 38. 
  11. ^ "Roosevelt Statue to Be Unveiled By His Widow in London Today". The New York Times: 1. April 12, 1948. 
  12. ^ Matthews, Herbert L. (April 13, 1948). "Homage of Britain Is Paid Roosevelt". The New York Times: 12. 
  13. ^ "Costs Rica Rivals Sign Cease-Fire As Rebel Advance Menaces Capital". The New York Times: 1. April 14, 1948. 
  14. ^ Matthews, Herbert L. (April 15, 1948). "Britain to Suspend Death Penalty; Commons Backs Five-Year Test". The New York Times: 1. 
  15. ^ Hamilton, Thomas J. (April 17, 1948). "Argentine Elected by U. N. Assembly Head at Opening Meeting". The New York Times: 1. 
  16. ^ "Costa Rican Fight Reported Resumed". The New York Times: 28. April 18, 1948. 
  17. ^ Jones, Bill (1977). The Russia Complex: The British Labour Party and the Soviet Union. Manchester University Press. p. 182. ISBN 9780719006968. 
  18. ^ "Italian Election (Member's Telegram)". Hansard. April 19, 1948. Retrieved May 20, 2018. 
  19. ^ Matthews, Herbert L. (April 29, 1948). "British Laborites Oust Leftist M.P.". The New York Times: 12. 
  20. ^ "U. N. Admits Burma As Its 58th Member". The New York Times: 13. April 20, 1948. 
  21. ^ "Body of American Found in Peru". The New York Times: 8. April 24, 1948. 
  22. ^ "Boston Marathon Yearly Synopses (1897 - 2013)". John Hancock Financial. Archived from the original on June 12, 2016. Retrieved May 20, 2018. 
  23. ^ "Fritz Kuhn Gets 10 Years, Property Is Confiscated". The New York Times: 7. April 21, 1948. 
  24. ^ "Reuther Shot and Wounded Through Window of Home". The New York Times: 1. April 21, 1948. 
  25. ^ Endsley, Brian M. (2009). Bums No More: The 1959 Los Angeles Dodgers, World Champions of Baseball. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 40. ISBN 9780786455676. 
  26. ^ "Brooklyn Dodgers at New York Giants Box Score, April 20, 1948". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 20, 2018. 
  27. ^ Stark, Louis (April 22, 1948). "80-Day Strike Ban Put on Lewis, UMW by Federal Court". The New York Times: 1. 
  28. ^ "Business of the House". Hansard. April 22, 1948. Retrieved May 20, 2018. 
  29. ^ Hamilton, Thomas J. (April 24, 1948). "3 Powers Seeking an Emergency Plan to Act in Palestine". The New York Times: 1. 
  30. ^ Ross, Albion (April 24, 1948). "Czechs Sign Pact With Bulgarians". The New York Times: 5. 
  31. ^ "Riot of Koreans in Japan Quelled; U. S. Aides Suspect Communists". The New York Times: 1. April 26, 1948. 
  32. ^ "Egypt's Ex-Premier Escapes Assassins". The New York Times: 1. April 26, 1948. 
  33. ^ Matthews, Herbert L. (April 27, 1948). "British Royal Pair Hailed on Jubilee". The New York Times: 1, 5. 
  34. ^ Boyne, Walter J. (2007). Beyond the Wild Blue: A History of the U.S. Air Force, 1947-2007. St. Martin's Press. p. 464. ISBN 9781429901802. 
  35. ^ Currivan, Gene (April 28, 1948). "Haganah, Irgun Unite for Action". The New York Times: 14. 
  36. ^ Browne, Mallory (April 29, 1948). "Jews, Arabs Adopt Jerusalem Truce". The New York Times: 1. 
  37. ^ Yust, Walter, ed. (1949). 1949 Britannica Book of the Year. Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. p. 6. 
  38. ^ Ellison, Nick (1994). Egalitarian Thought and Labour Politics: Retreating Visions. Routledge. p. 236-237. ISBN 9781134913688. 
  39. ^ "Gauleiter Forster to Die". The New York Times: 5. April 30, 1948. 
  40. ^ Chandler, Charlotte, Nobody's Perfect: Billy Wilder, A Personal Biography. New York: Simon & Schuster 2002. ISBN 0-7432-1709-8, pp. 131-135
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