April 1935

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The following events occurred in April 1935:

April 1, 1935 (Monday)

April 2, 1935 (Tuesday)

April 3, 1935 (Wednesday)

April 4, 1935 (Thursday)

April 5, 1935 (Friday)

April 6, 1935 (Saturday)

April 7, 1935 (Sunday)

April 8, 1935 (Monday)

April 9, 1935 (Tuesday)

  • The Montreal Maroons defeated the Toronto Maple Leafs 4-1 to win the Stanley Cup in a three-game sweep.
  • Tributes to Erich Ludendorff were held all over Germany on the occasion of his 70th birthday. Laudatory articles were published in newspapers and Hitler ordered that all public buildings display flags.[15] Catholic and Protestant Confessional synod organizations refused to obey the flag order because of Ludendorff's professed anti-Christian beliefs.[16]
  • Four theatrical men running the British stage revue Stop Press (a retitled version of the American production As Thousands Cheer) were fined in court over a scene showing a man and a woman in bed together and another in which actors impersonating George Bernard Shaw and Jacob Epstein blow a raspberry. The prosecutor called the latter "a very unpleasant noise, even more unpleasant when put in the mouths of two very respectable persons."[17]
  • Born: Aulis Sallinen, classical music composer, in Salmi, Finland

April 10, 1935 (Wednesday)

April 11, 1935 (Thursday)

  • The Stresa Conference began in Stresa, Italy. Representatives of Britain, France and Italy met to discuss how to respond to Germany's rearmament and safeguard Austrian independence.[20]
  • An earthquake in northern Iran killed 500–600 people.[3]
  • A train collided with a school bus in Rockville, Maryland and killed 14 students.[21]

April 12, 1935 (Friday)

  • U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt pledged up to $200 million to eliminate dangerous railroad crossings in the United States and avoid further tragedies like the one in Rockville.[21]
  • Kodak introduced Kodachrome, the first commercially available color film.[3]

April 13, 1935 (Saturday)

April 14, 1935 (Sunday)

  • Britain, France and Italy reached an agreement called the Stresa Front. Among the seven points in the resolution were "The pursuit of a common line of conduct before the League of Nations in discussing the French appeal against the German treaty violation", "To strengthen the position of Austria", and "To oppose by all practicable means any unilateral repudiation of treaties."[24]
  • Black Sunday: A severe dust storm occurred in the United States as part of the Dust Bowl.
  • Ethiopia introduced compulsory military service for both men and women.[25]
  • Oswald Mosley made a speech in front of 5,000 supporters in Leicester in which he adopted a more openly anti-Semitic stance, declaring: "For the first time I openly and publicly challenge the Jewish interest in this country commanding commerce, commanding the press, commanding the cinema, dominating the City of London, killing industry with the sweatshops. These great interests are not intimidating, and will not intimidate, the Fascist movement of the modern age."[26][27]
  • Born: Katie Horstman, baseball player, in Minster, Ohio
  • Died: Emmy Noether, 53, German mathematician

April 15, 1935 (Monday)

  • The Roerich Pact was signed in Washington, D.C., legally establishing the protection of cultural objects as more important than their use or destruction for military purposes.
  • On Budget Day in the United Kingdom, Chancellor of the Exchequer Neville Chamberlain estimated a surplus of £5.6 million and raised exemptions on personal income tax for married men and children, as well as reversing pay cuts for civil servants. Military spending was increased.[28]
  • Died: Anna Ancher, 75, Danish artist

April 16, 1935 (Tuesday)

  • At the League of Nations, Britain, France and Italy submitted the draft of a resolution that declared: "Germany has failed in the duty which lies upon all members of the international community to respect undertakings which they have contracted." At the same time, the resolution invited governments concerned to work on a plan for peace "within the framework of the League of Nations".[29]
  • Babe Ruth went 2-for-4 with a home run in his first game as a Boston Brave during a 4–2 win over the New York Giants.[30]

April 17, 1935 (Wednesday)

  • The League of Nations adopted the three-power resolution condemning Germany, with only Denmark abstaining.[31]
  • A Pan American Clipper plane with a six-man crew set a new East-to-West Pacific flight record, flying from Alameda, California to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii in 17 hours and 45 minutes – a full seven hours faster than the old mark set in January 1934.[32]

April 18, 1935 (Thursday)

April 19, 1935 (Friday)

April 20, 1935 (Saturday)

  • Germany sent a diplomatic note to various countries protesting Wednesday's resolution at the League of Nations. "The German Government contests to the governments which in the council of the League of Nations took in the deliberations of April 17 the right of making themselves judge over Germany", the note said. "The government sees in the deliberation of the Council of the League an attempt at new discriminations against Germany and therefore rejects it in the most resolute manner."[36]
  • Hitler was presented with about 60 new war planes for his 46th birthday.[37]
  • Rangers F.C. defeated Hamilton Academical 2-1 in the 1934–35 Scottish Cup Final.
  • The music program Your Hit Parade premiered on NBC Radio. The initial format of the show had a house band playing the top 15 songs of the week in random order – the concept of a systemized "countdown" to the Number One song came later.[38]
  • The post office of Denver, Colorado was overwhelmed by a chain letter craze. Postal officials had asked for the letters, soliciting one dime each, to stop because they were based on an illegal pyramid scheme. The flood of mail not only continued, but soon spread to other American cities.[39][40]
  • Died: Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon, 71, British fashion designer

April 21, 1935 (Sunday)

April 22, 1935 (Monday)

April 23, 1935 (Tuesday)

April 24, 1935 (Wednesday)

April 25, 1935 (Thursday)

  • Reich Press Leader Max Amann signed a decree completing Nazi control over all press in Germany. Amann empowered himself to shut down any newspaper he wished, and made the appointment of all publishers and editors subject to his approval. Additionally, no newspaper could serve interests other than those of the government.[43]
  • The Shark Arm case began in Sydney, Australia when a tiger shark in an aquarium vomited, leaving the forearm of a man bearing a distinctive tattoo floating in the pool.
  • Cambrian Airways was set up in the United Kingdom.

April 26, 1935 (Friday)

April 27, 1935 (Saturday)

April 28, 1935 (Sunday)

  • 7,2000 Stahlhelm paraded in Hasenheide and ceremoniously removed the black crepe bows that had been carried on their standards as a symbol of mourning for the "shame of Versailles", in acknowledgement of Hitler's restoration of the German army.[47]
  • President Roosevelt gave a fireside chat titled On the Works Relief Program.
  • Died: Alfred I. du Pont, 70, American industrialist and philanthropist

April 29, 1935 (Monday)

April 30, 1935 (Tuesday)

References

  1. ^ "Pope Cries Out Against Crime of Making War". Chicago Daily Tribune. April 2, 1935. p. 4.
  2. ^ Schultz, Sigrid (April 2, 1935). "Germans Boast Anti-Aircraft Artillery Force". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 5.
  3. ^ a b c d e "1935". MusicAndHistory. Archived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
  4. ^ "Austria Defies Peace Treaty; Votes to Rearm". Chicago Daily Tribune. April 4, 1935. p. 1.
  5. ^ "Czechoslovakia Agrees to Join Security Pact". Chicago Daily Tribune. April 5, 1935. p. 21.
  6. ^ "Prove Loyalty to Reich, Goering Urges Danzig". Chicago Daily Tribune. April 5, 1935. p. 21.
  7. ^ "Names of Colored Ordered Placed on Alabama Jury Rolls". Chicago Daily Tribune. April 6, 1935. p. 1.
  8. ^ "Mikado Leaves Palace to Greet Manchukuo King". Chicago Daily Tribune. April 6, 1935. p. 7.
  9. ^ "Tageseinträge für 6. April 1935". chroniknet. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
  10. ^ "Harold Levitt, 96, Sharpshooter With Harlem Globetrotters Tour, Dies". The New York Times. May 5, 2006. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
  11. ^ "Basketball Free Throw World Records". RecordHolders.org. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
  12. ^ "Nazis and Poles Riot After Vote Defying Hitler". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. April 8, 1935. p. 1.
  13. ^ "Storm Kills 31; 200 Injured". Chicago Daily Tribune. April 8, 1935. p. 1.
  14. ^ "Tageseinträge für 8. April 1935". chroniknet. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
  15. ^ "Ex-Kaiser, Nazis Join in Marking Ludendorff Day". Chicago Daily Tribune. April 10, 1935. p. 20.
  16. ^ "Germans to Honor Ludendorff Today; Stirs Ire of Churchmen". Chicago Daily Tribune: 4. April 9, 1935.
  17. ^ Steele, John (April 10, 1935). "Britain Frowns on Bronx Cheer and Bed Scenes". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 7.
  18. ^ "Two Youths 'Bridesmaids' At Georing's Nazi Wedding". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. April 10, 1935. p. 1.
  19. ^ a b Mercer, Derrik (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. p. 451. ISBN 978-0-582-03919-3.
  20. ^ "Chronology 1935". indiana.edu. 2002. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
  21. ^ a b Keyser, Tom (April 9, 1995). "After 60 years, small town's tragedy remains vivid". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
  22. ^ "Italy Decrees Mobilization of 2 More Divisions". Chicago Daily Tribune. April 14, 1935. p. 2.
  23. ^ "Tageseinträge für 13. April 1935". chroniknet. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
  24. ^ Darrah, David (April 15, 1935). "Europe's 'Big 3' Powers Unite to Avert War". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
  25. ^ "Ethiopian Army to Draft Women for War Service". Chicago Daily Tribune. April 15, 1935. p. 13.
  26. ^ "Tageseinträge für 14. April 1935". chroniknet. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
  27. ^ Stevenson, John; Cook, Chris (2010). The Slump: Britain in the Great Depression. New York: Routledge. p. 221. ISBN 978-1-317-86216-1.
  28. ^ "Britain to Have Surplus; Plans Slash in Taxes". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. April 15, 1935. p. 3.
  29. ^ "Germany is Condemned in League for Rearming". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. April 16, 1935. p. 1.
  30. ^ "Babe Ruth 1935 Batting Gamelogs". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
  31. ^ "Reich is Guilty, League Votes; Danes Abstain". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. April 17, 1935. p. 1.
  32. ^ "Clipper Sets Record for Pacific Flight as It Lands in Honolulu". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. April 17, 1935. pp. 1, 3.
  33. ^ "Turk Women Make World Debut Today". Chicago Daily Tribune. April 18, 1935. p. 1.
  34. ^ "Death to Pacifists Decreed by Hitler as a War Measure". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. April 19, 1935. p. 1.
  35. ^ "Boston Marathon Yearly Synopses (1897–2013)". John Hancock Financial. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
  36. ^ "Hitler in Curt Note Challenges League as Germany's Judge". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. April 20, 1935. p. 1.
  37. ^ Schultz, Sigrid (April 21, 1935). "Germans Back Hitler Reply". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
  38. ^ Young, William H.; Young, Nancy K. (2007). The Great Depression in America: A Cultural Encyclopedia, Volume 2. Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-33522-8.
  39. ^ "'Send a Dime' Chain Letters Swamp Mails". Chicago Daily Tribune. April 21, 1935. p. 3.
  40. ^ "Spend a Dime Chain Letters Arrive in City". Chicago Daily Tribune: 5. May 1, 1935.
  41. ^ "Moscow Opens Its New Subway; Stalin Tries It". Chicago Daily Tribune. April 24, 1935. p. 1.
  42. ^ Steele, John (April 25, 1935). "King Tames His Jubilee; Fears Too Much Cost". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
  43. ^ Schultz, Sigrid (April 26, 1935). "Hitler Crushes Last Spark of Press Freedom". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 5.
  44. ^ Schultz, Sigrid (April 27, 1935). "Germanic Pagan Leaders Reject Christian Faith". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 7.
  45. ^ "Reich Admits U-Boat Plans; Powers to Act". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. April 28, 1935. p. 1.
  46. ^ "Germany Orders Fewer Photos of "Swanky" Nazis". Chicago Daily Tribune. April 28, 1935. p. 8.
  47. ^ "German War Vets Remove 'Shame of Versailles' Crepe". Chicago Daily Tribune. April 29, 1935. p. 9.
  48. ^ Yellon, Al (December 7, 2012). "A Game From Cubs History: April 29, 1935". Bleed Cubbie Blue. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
  49. ^ Vander Hook, Sue (2009). The Dust Bowl. Edina, Minnesota: ABDO Publishing Company. p. 101. ISBN 978-1-60453-512-9.
  50. ^ "Fly Coast to Coast in 11 Hrs". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 1, 1935. p. 1.
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