Antonov An-28

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An-28
PZL-Mielec An-28, Chaika Avia Company AN1414321.jpg
Antonov An-28
Role Short-range airliner
Manufacturer WSK PZL Mielec
Design group Antonov
First flight September 1969
Introduction 1986
Status Operational
Primary user Aeroflot (former)
Produced 1975–1993
Number built 191
Developed from Antonov An-14
Variants PZL M28
Developed into Antonov An-38

The Antonov An-28 (NATO reporting name Cash) is a twin-engined light turboprop transport aircraft, developed from the Antonov An-14M. It was the winner of a competition against the Beriev Be-30, for use by Aeroflot as a short-range airliner.[1] It first flew in 1969. A total of 191 were built and 16 remain in airline service as at August 2015.[2] After a short pre-production series built by Antonov, it was licence-built in Poland by PZL-Mielec. In 1993, PZL-Mielec developed its own improved variant, the PZL M28 Skytruck.

Development

The An-28 is similar to the An-14 in many aspects, including its wing structure and twin rudders, but features an expanded fuselage and turboprop engines, in place of the An-14's piston engines. The An-28 first flew as a modified An-14 in 1969. The next preproduction model did not fly until 1975. In passenger carrying configuration, accommodation was provided for up to 15 people, in addition to the two-man crew.[3] Production was transferred to PZL-Mielec in 1978. The first Polish-built aircraft did not fly until 1984. The An-28 finally received its Soviet type certificate in 1986.

Variants

An-14A
The original Antonov designation for an enlarged, twin-turboprop version of the An-14.
An-14M
Prototype.
An-28
Twin-engined short-range utility transport aircraft, three built.
An-28RM Bryza 1RM
Search and rescue, air ambulance aircraft.
An-28TD Bryza 1TD
Transport version.
An-28PT
Variant with Pratt & Whitney engines first flown 22 July 1993.

Operators

Civil operators

An-28 on USSR postal stamp

Major operators of the 16 Antonov An-28 aircraft remaining in airline service include:

 Armenia
 Russia
 Tajikistan

Former operators

 Kazakhstan
 Kyrgyzstan
 Moldova
 Suriname
  • Blue Wing Airlines (formerly operated five with three lost in crashes on 3 April 2008, 15 October 2009, and 15 May 2010)

Military operators

 Angola
 Djibouti
 Georgia
   Nepal
 Peru
 Poland
 Tanzania
 Venezuela
 Vietnam

Former operators

 Estonia
 Soviet Union

Notable accidents and incidents

Specifications (An-28)

Comparison of the An-14 and the An-28

Data from Airliners.net[1]

General characteristics

Performance

See also

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References

  1. ^ a b Lundgren, Johan (1996–2006). "The Antonov/PZL Mielec An-28". Airliners.net. AirNav Systems LLC. Archived from the original on 18 June 2006. Retrieved 1 July 2006. 
  2. ^ Morrison, Murdo; Fafard, Antoine (31 July 2015). "World Airliner Census 2015". Flightglobal Insight. Flight International (Flightglobal, published 11 August 2015)
  3. ^ Green, W. 1976. The Observer's Book of Aircraft. (25th ed.) Frederick Warne & Co. pp. 254. ISBN 0-7232-1553-7
  4. ^ Hoyle 2016, p. 35.
  5. ^ Hoyle 2016, p. 48.
  6. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Antonov 28 ES-NOV Kärdla". aviation-safety.net. 
  7. ^ "Accident description". Aviation safety network. Archived from the original on 30 October 2009. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  8. ^ "9Q-CUN? Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 5 February 2012. 
  9. ^ "RA-28715 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 12 September 2012. 
  10. ^ "10 dead in An-28 plane crash in Russia's Far East". Retrieved 12 September 2012. 
  • Hoyle, Craig (6–12 December 2016). "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International. Vol. 190 no. 5566. pp. 22–53. ISSN 0015-3710. 

External links

  • List of all PZL M28 aircraft used by Polish Air Force
  • An-28/M28/M28B production list
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