Antiochus X Eusebes

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Antiochus X Eusebes
Antioco X Eusebes Filopator, tetradracma, face.jpg
King of the Seleucid Empire (King of Syria)
Reign 95–92 BC (with Demetrius III Eucaerus, Antiochus XI Epiphanes, and Philip I Philadelphus)
Predecessor Seleucus VI Epiphanes
Successor Philip I Philadelphus
Born Unknown
Died 92 or 83 BC
Spouse Cleopatra Selene of Syria
Issue Antiochus XIII Asiaticus
Seleucus VII Philometer (?)
Dynasty Seleucid
Father Antiochus IX Cyzicenus
Mother Cleopatra IV

Antiochus X Eusebes Philopator, ruler of the Greek Seleucid kingdom, was a contestant in the tangled-up family feuds among the last Seleucids.

Biography

Beginning his reign in 95 BC, his first achievement was to defeat his double half-cousin/second cousin Seleucus VI Epiphanes, thus avenging the recent death of his father Antiochus IX Cyzicenus. [1] The epithets he took tell much of his story: Eusebes (being a title of his father) and also Philopator (father-loving) both honoured his father. After that, he ruled Antioch and its surroundings, fighting endlessly against the four brothers of Seleucus VI, the Nabataeans and the Parthian Empire.

The date of his downfall is uncertain; Josephus reckons he was killed around 90 BC fighting the Parthians - and his possession of Antioch was certainly lost to Philip I Philadelphus around then - whereas for instance Appian speaks of him being defeated when the Armenian king Tigranes invaded Syria by 83 BC, but in that case his actions in the meantime remain unrevealed.

Legacy

A son of Antiochus X, by the name of Antiochus XIII Asiaticus, was made client king in Syria after the Roman general Pompey had defeated Tigranes.

Antiochus XIII Asiaticus was son of king Antiochus X Eusebes and the Ptolemaic princess Cleopatra Selene of Syria, who acted as regent for the boy after his father's death sometime between 92 and 85 BC.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Antiochus X Eusebes entry in historical sourcebook by Mahlon H. Smith
  2. ^ Cicero, In C. Verrem II 4.61, Appian, Syriaca VIII 49, XI 70, Justin, Historiarum Philippicarum T. Pompeii Trogi XL 2.2 (says Antiochus IX was his father). See also: C.J. Bennett, art. Cleopatra Selene queen of Syria, in Egyptian Royal Genealogy, 2002-2008 (n. 28). Archived May 9, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.

External links

  • Antiochus X Eusebes entry in historical sourcebook by Mahlon H. Smith
Antiochus X Eusebes
Born: Unknown Died: 92 or 83 BC
Preceded by
Seleucus VI Epiphanes
Seleucid King (King of Syria)
95–92 BC
with Demetrius III Eucaerus (95 BC)
Antiochus XI Epiphanes (95–92 BC)
Philip I Philadelphus (95–92 BC)
Succeeded by
Philip I Philadelphus
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