Angkola people

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Angkola people
Batak Angkola / Anakola
Total population
(1,142,000[1])
Regions with significant populations
 Indonesia (South Tapanuli Regency of North Sumatra)
Languages
Angkola language, Indonesian language
Religion
Islam (97%), Christianity (3%)[2]
Related ethnic groups
Malay people, Minangkabau people, Nias people

Angkola (also known as Batak Angkola or Anakola) people are one of the sub-ethnic groups comprising the Batak people from North Sumatra who live in South Tapanuli regency. The Angkola language is similar to Mandailing language, but it is sociolinguistically distinct.[3]

The name Angkola is believed to have originate from the Angkola river or Batang Angkola, which was named by an officer called Rajendra Kola[4] (Angkola or city lord) who was passing through Padang Lawas and later came to power there. The southern (downstream) part of the Angkola river is called Angkola Jae, while the northern (upstream) part is called Angkola Julu.[5]

The Angkola people practice patrilineal kinship, and the clans and surnames of Angkola people are based on the patrilineal system. There are only a few Angkola surnames - Siregar, Dalimunthe, Harahap, Hasibuan, Rambe, Nasution, Daulay, Tanjung, Ritonga, Batubara and Hutasuhut, amongst others.[6] Angkola society strictly prohibits marriage between people with the same surname.

References

  1. ^ "Batak Angkola in Indonesia". Joshua Project. Retrieved 2014-09-16. 
  2. ^ (in Indonesian) "Etnik Batak di Sumatra utara". 
  3. ^ Lewis, M. Paul; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2014). "Batak Angkola". Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Retrieved 2014-09-16. 
  4. ^ M. Rasjid Manggis Dt Radjo Panghulu (1982). Minangkabau: Sejarah Ringkas Dan Adatnya. Penerbit Mutiara. 
  5. ^ "Suku Batak Angkola". Planet Batak. August 2013. Retrieved 2014-09-16. 
  6. ^ Ch. Sutan Tinggibarani Perkasa Alam (2011). Tarombo Marga-Marga: Batak Toba, Angkola, Padanglawas, Mandailing, Simalungun, Karo, Dairi-Pakpak, Nias: Untuk Lintas Jenjang Pendidikan. Mitra. ISBN 978-602-941-402-8. 
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