Anestis Delias

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I Tetras tou Peiraios; Delias is first from the right (mid 1930s).

Anestis Delias (Greek: Ανέστης Δελιάς 1912 – 31 July 1944) was a Greek bouzouki player, composer and singer of rebetiko, also known with the nicknames Anestaki (Ανεστάκι) or Artemis (Αρτέμης).[1]

Biography

Delias real surname was Delios (Δέλιoς). He was born in Smyrna and had two younger sisters. His father Panagiotis, who was a shoemaker and a noted santuri player, taught him to play the guitar. After the end of the Greco-Turkish war of 1919–1922, Delias and his family moved to Greece and settled at Drapetsona. Having lost his father in the destruction of Smyrna, Delias worked in many different jobs to support his family.[2]

Career Info

Delias was a very talented musician who by the early 1930s had moved on to play the bouzouki and baglamas. In 1934, together with Yiorgos Batis, Stratos Pagioumtzis and Markos Vamvakaris, he founded the rebetiko quartet, I Tetras i Xakousti tou Peiraios (Greek: Η τετράς η ξακουστή του Πειραιώς, literally Piraeus' famous quartet). This quartet influenced subsequent generations of musicians and composers.[3]

Delias did not produce any recordings during the Metaxas dictator regime that had been established in 1936 since, like many artists of the time, he refused to accept any censoring of his songs.

Drug abuse and death

In 1937, he was introduced to heroin by a prostitute and became addicted. He was later convicted of drug use and was expelled to the island of Ios,[2] where in 1938 he met Michalis Genitsaris.[1]

When Delias returned to Athens, his friends Pagioumtzis and Bayianteras tried to help him abstain from drugs but without success. Eventually, he increased his daily heroin dose and was unable to perform or work as a result. He was found dead from a heroin overdose[4] on the morning of July 31, 1944. According to other sources, Delias died in 1941. He was the only rebetiko artist to die from drug use.[3] Vamvakaris once said that Delias was "an angel thrown in trash".[5]

Despite his short life, Delias is an important figure in rebetiko. Many believe that if he had lived longer, he would hinfluence rebetiko and Laïkó genres comparable to that of Tsitsanis.[3]

Discography

Many Delias covers were later recorded and published from various singers. His only personal compilation was published from Lyra Disc Company[6]

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Ανέστης Δελιάς". rebetiko wiki (rebetiko.sealabs.net). Retrieved 2016-05-15. 
  2. ^ a b Michael, Despina (2010). "'Μαύρη Γάτα': the tragic death and long after-life of Anestis Delias". Journal of Modern Greek Studies (Aust & NZ). 14. Retrieved 25 May 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c Παπαδόπουλος, Λευτέρης (2010). Μάγκες πιάστε τα γιοφύρια.. Kastaniotis. ISBN 978-960-03-5207-8. 
  4. ^ Magrini, Tullia (June 15, 2003). Music and Gender: Perspectives from the Mediterranean. University of Chicago Press. p. 182. ISBN 978-0226501659. 
  5. ^ "Ανέστης Δελιάς (Ανεστάκι ή Αρτέμης ή Μαύρη Γάτα)". mpouzouksides.blogspot.gr. Retrieved 2016-05-15. 
  6. ^ "Ανέστης Δελιάς ‎– Ανέστης Δελιάς 1912-1944". Discogs. Retrieved 2017-10-23. 

External links

  • Ανέστος Δελιάς 1912 – 1941
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