Andries Cornelis Dirk de Graeff

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Andries Cornelis Dirk de Graeff
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Portret van Gouverneur-Generaal De Graeff achter zijn schrijftafel TMnr 10018723.jpg
Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
In office
26 March 1926 – 11 September 1931
Preceded by Dirk Fock
Succeeded by Bonifacius Cornelis de Jonge
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
26 May 1933 – 24 June 1937
Preceded by Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck
Succeeded by Hendrikus Colijn
Personal details
Born (1872-08-07)7 August 1872
The Hague, Netherlands
Died 24 April 1957(1957-04-24) (aged 84)
The Hague, Netherlands
Nationality Dutch
Spouse(s) Caroline Angelique van der Wijk (1877-1936)
Children 5
Occupation Statesman

Jonkheer Andries Cornelis Dirk de Graeff (7 August 1872 – 24 April 1957) was a Governor General of Dutch East Indies and a Dutch minister for foreign affairs.


Andries Cornelis Dirk de Graeff was a descendant of the De Graeff-family from the Dutch Golden Age. He was a son of the general consul and Dutch minister in Japan Dirk de Graeff van Polsbroek, and jonkvrouw Caroline Angelique van der Wijk, daughter of jonkheer Carel Herman Aart van der Wijck. They had a son and four daughters.


De Graeff as Governor-General of Dutch East Indies. Gorontalo, ca. 1927.

from 1919 to 1922 De Graeff was a Dutch Ambassador in Tokyo, and from 1922 to 1926 in Washington.

He served as Gouvernor General between 26 March[1] 1926 and 11 September 1931.

De Graeff was also the Dutch minister for foreign affairs for an unspecified period during 1936 and 1937.[2] During 1936, de Graeff served as a "sort of stooge"[3] to British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden in relation to the question of weakening the League of Nations.

De Graeff wanted to modify the League until it became "purely consultive", coax Germany back into it, and abolish forever all Sanctions "except the one Sanction that an aggressor would be automatically expelled from the League.[3]


  1. ^ De Graeff at Brain History
  2. ^ "Australian War Memorial – Australian-Duch defence cooperation 1940–1941".
  3. ^ a b "Answering Ethiopia". Time.


  • Voor u persoonlijk. Brieven van minister van Buitenlandse Zaken jhr. A.C.D. de Graeff aan gezant J.P. graaf van Limburg Stirum (1933–1937)", Ned. Hist. Genootschap (1986)
  • C. Fasseur, Graeff, jhr. Andries Cornelis Dirk de (1872–1957), in: Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland, deel II, 190
  • B. de Graaff, Een welwillend man met een vrij gering werkelijkheidsbegrip, in: "De Nederlandse ministers van Buitenlandse Zaken in de twintigste eeuw" (1999)
  • H.T. Colenbrander, Bij het aftreden van gouverneur-generaal De Graeff, in De Gids 95 (1931) III, 373–404;
  • J.E. Stokvis, Een landvoogdij, in De Socialistische Gids 16 (1931) 824–831;
  • Rn. Ms. Noto Soeroto, Een groote Nederlander. Bij het afscheid van A.C.D. de Graeff van Indonesië, in Oedaya 8 (1931) 124–125;
  • Herman Smit: Landvoogd tussen twee vuren. jonkheer mr. A.C.D. de Graeff, gouverneur-generaal van Nederlands-Indie 1926-1931. ISBN 978-90-8704-249-3, (2011)

External links

Media related to Andries Cornelis Dirk de Graeff at Wikimedia Commons

  • Portraits of the Governor-Generals of the Dutch East Indies on KITLV
Political offices
Preceded by
Dirk Fock
Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
Succeeded by
Bonifacius Cornelis de Jonge
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