American sparrow

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American sparrows
Americantreesparrow36.jpg
American tree sparrow (Spizelloides arborea)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Superfamily: Passeroidea
Family: Passerellidae
Genera

see text

American sparrows are a group of mainly New World passerine birds, forming part of the family Passerellidae. American sparrows are seed-eating birds with conical bills, brown or gray in color, and many species have distinctive head patterns.

Although they share the name sparrow, American sparrows are more closely related to Old World buntings than they are to the Old World sparrows (family Passeridae).[1][2] American sparrows are also similar in both appearance and habit to finches, with which they sometimes used to be classified.

Several American sparrows are noted for beautiful and varied songs, such as the Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia), Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca), White-throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis), Vesper Sparrow (Pooecetes gramineus), Lincoln Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii), White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys), and others.[3]


Species in taxonomic order

Genus Arremon (approx 20 species)

Genus Arremonops

Genus Melozone

Genus Pipilo

Genus Peucaea

Genus Aimophila

Genus Oriturus

Genus Torreornis

Genus Spizelloides

Genus Spizella

Genus Pooecetes

Genus Chondestes

Genus Amphispiza

Genus Artemisiospiza

Genus Calamospiza

Genus Passerculus

Genus Ammodramus

Genus Passerella

Genus Xenospiza

Genus Melospiza

Genus Zonotrichia

Genus Junco

References

  1. ^ Allende, Luis M.; Rubio, Isabel; Ruíz-del-Valle, Valentin; Guillén, Jesus; Martínez-Laso, Jorge; Lowy, Ernesto; Varela, Pilar; Zamora, Jorge; Arnaiz-Villena, Antonio (2001). "The Old World sparrows (genus Passer) phylogeography and their relative abundance of nuclear mtDNA pseudogenes" (PDF). Journal of Molecular Evolution. 53 (2): 144–154. doi:10.1007/s002390010202. PMID 11479685. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. 
  2. ^ Arnaiz-Villena, A; Gómez-Prieto P; Ruiz-de-Valle V (2009). "Phylogeography of finches and sparrows". Nova Science Publishers. ISBN 978-1-60741-844--3. 
  3. ^ Cornell Lab of Ornithology https://www.allaboutbirds.org/

External links

  • American Sparrow videos, photos and sounds on the Internet Bird Collection
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