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The Amangu were an indigenous Australian people of the mid-western region of Western Australia.


Two early glossaries of some words from the Champion Bay Amangu were collected. One, by R. J. Foley, was published in a work by Augustus Oldfield in 1865,[1] and the other was gathered by the Colonial Secretary of Western Australia Roger Goldsworthy, and published by E. M. Curr two decades later.[2]


The Amangu's territory stretched over some 10,100 square miles (26,000 km2), centering on the area of Champion Bay, and the Chapman River. The northern boundary lay near Geraldton and the Hill River. The inland extension was from the coast as far as the vicinity of Mullewah, Morawa and Carnamah. The southernh frontier is not clear, but is believed to have run down to the vicinity just north of Moora.[3]


Excavation as Yellabidde Cave near Leeman indicate that the Amangu territory was occupied as early as 23,000 BP, putting back the accepted date for habitation of the Perth-Geraldton coast by some 15,000 years.[4]

Some words

  • ammatha (father)
  • agootha (mother)
  • mini (whiteman)[5]
  • yellabidde (emu)[4]
  • kilire,[5] kullali[6] (emu)



  1. ^ Foley 1865, pp. 297–298.
  2. ^ Goldsworthy 1886, pp. 316–317.
  3. ^ Tindale 1974, p. 239.
  4. ^ a b Yellabidde 2016.
  5. ^ a b Goldsworthy 1886, p. 316.
  6. ^ Foley 1865, p. 297.


  • "Aboriginal people inhabited WA's mid-west coast much earlier than previously thought". University of Western Australia. 4 November 2016.
  • "AIATSIS map of Indigenous Australia". AIATSIS.
  • Foley, R. J. (1865). Oldfield, Augustus, ed. "Vocabulary of the Champion Bay Tribe" (PDF). Transactions of the Ethnological Society of London. 3: 297–298.
  • Goldsworthy, Roger Tuckfield (1886). "The Champion Bay tribe" (PDF). In Curr, Edward Micklethwaite. The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia and the routes by which it spread itself over the continent. Volume 1. Melbourne: J. Ferres. pp. 316–317.
  • Oldfield, Augustus, ed. (1865). "On the Aborigines of Australia" (PDF). Transactions of the Ethnological Society of London. 3: 215–298.
  • "Tindale Tribal Boundaries" (PDF). Department of Aboriginal Affairs, Western Australia. September 2016.
  • Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Amangu (WA)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University.
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