Alphonse DeCarre

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Alphonse DeCarre
Alphonse DeCarre.jpg
DeCarre as brigadier general, USMC
Nickname(s) “Frenchy”
Born (1892-11-15)November 15, 1892
Washington, D.C.
Died May 3, 1977(1977-05-03) (aged 84)
Hightstown, New Jersey
Place of Burial Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch Seal of the United States Marine Corps.svg United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1913–1946
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Service number 0-230
Commands held 2nd Marine Division
History Division
Battles/wars

Haitian Campaign

World War I

Nicaraguan Campaign

World War II

Awards Navy Cross
Distinguished Service Cross
Silver Star
Purple Heart

Alphonse DeCarre (November 15, 1892 – May 3, 1977) was a highly decorated Major General[1] in the United States Marine Corps. He was a recipient of the second highest decorations of the Army and Navy, the Distinguished Service Cross and the Navy Cross, both of which he earned during his service in World War I.[2]

Early military career

DeCarre was born on November 15, 1892 in Washington, D.C., where he attended public schools. He entered the Marine Corps and was commissioned Second lieutenant on November 15, 1913. DeCarre subsequently attended Marine Corps Officers School at Norfolk Base and graduated in 1915 together with many future Marine Corps generals like for example William H. Rupertus, Allen H. Turnage, Henry Louis Larsen, Lyle H. Miller and Matthew H. Kingman.

On June 30, 1915 DeCarre joined 2nd Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Brigade stationed at Philadelphia Navy Yard at the time. He sailed for Haiti and disembarked on 15 August at Port-au-Prince. DeCarre participated in the skirmishes with the Haitian rebels near the towns Gonaïves and Ennery. During that time, he was promoted to the rank of First lieutenant on August 26, 1916. At the beginning of December 1916, DeCarre was assigned to the Marine Detachment aboard the battleship USS New York and was engaged in shore duty at Oriente, Cuba. For his service in Haiti, he was decorated with Haitian Medal of Honour and Merit with Diploma, Officer and Haitian Distinguished Service Medal and Diploma.

World War I

With the declaration of War on Germany in April 1917, DeCarre, who was already promoted to the rank of captain on March 26, was transferred to the 5th Marine Regiment, where he was appointed Commanding officer of the Regiment's Headquarters Company.

DeCarre arrived at Saint-Nazaire, France, in July 1917 and was subsequently assigned for instruction to the Signal School in the town of Génis. He was back with his headquarters company in the trenches in Verdun Sector in March 1918 and served there until May 1918.

During the Battle of Belleau Wood in June 1918, Captain DeCarre participated with his company in the advance against enemy positions and was the only officer who led his company in the correct direction during the assault. He was able to flank the enemy machine gun position, which pinned down the rest of allies unit participating in advance, and capture entire the enemy machine gun company consisting of three officers and 169 men only with 6 men. For his efforts during the battle, DeCarre was decorated with Distinguished Service Cross and later also with Navy Cross.[2]

He subsequently participated with his headquarters company in the Aisne-Marne Offensive, Battle of Château-Thierry, Battle of Soissons, before he was promoted to the temporary rank of major on September 6, 1918 and appointed operations and intelligence officer of the 5th Marine Regiment.

DeCarre served in this capacity during the Battle of Blanc Mont Ridge and was decorated with Silver Star citation for gallantry in action on October 9, 1918.[2] He was also decorated with Légion d'honneur, rank of Chevalier and Croix de guerre 1914-1918 with Palm by the Government of France for his part in the battle. He was also wounded and stayed in the field hospital until the end of October. After his recovery, DeCarre returned to his post of operations and intelligence officer and served during Meuse-Argonne Offensive.[3]

Interwar period

DeCarre remained in the Marine Corps after the War and served with 5th Marine Regiment during the Allied occupation of the Rhineland. He returned to the United States on 5 April 1919 and was reverted to the rank of captain. After brief leave, he was appointed executive officer during the National Rifle Matches. DeCarre was detached to Marine Barracks at Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, where he was assigned to the 1st Marine Regiment. He then served aboard USS Prometheus during shore duties in Haiti and Santo Domingo.

He also served with Marine Legation Guard in Peking, China from January 25, 1922 to January 1924, when he was ordered back to the United States and assigned to the Marine Barracks in San Diego.

On 26 June 1926, DeCarre attended course at Naval War College and graduated year later. He was promoted to the rank of major on 12 March 1928. He was then ordered to Marine Corps School at Marine Corps Base Quantico, where he attended Junior Course and subsequently also Field Officer's Course. He was then ordered for shore duty during Nicaraguan Campaign with 2nd Marine Brigade.

On 31 August 1934, DeCarre was appointed director of United States Marine Corps History Division. He was succeeded by Lieutenant Colonel Clyde H. Metcalf on 5 February 1935. He was subsequently assigned to Marine Barracks at Norfolk Navy Yard and served there until May 1936.

Following a tour of duty at Headquarters Marine Corps in Washington, D.C., DeCarre was transferred to Marine Barracks in San Diego on 10 June 1937. He was promoted to the rank of colonel on September 5, 1938.

He was appointed commander of the Marine Barracks at Puget Sound, Washington in June 1939. In this capacity, he also served as district Marine officer and commander of 13th Reserve District.

World War II

At the time of the United States entry into the World War II, DeCarre still served with the Marine Barracks at Puget Sound. He remained in this capacity until end of July 1942, when he was transferred to the 2nd Marine Division in San Diego and appointed its Assistant Division Commander. For his new duties, he was also promoted to the rank of brigadier general on August 19, 1942.

The 2nd Division was sent to the Pacific Theater in December 1942 under the command of Major General John Marston. The 2nd Division subsequently participated in the Guadalcanal Campaign; however, general Marston remained in New Zealand, because he was superior in time in rank to Army General Alexander M. Patch, who was in charge of the entire offensive. This step has been made for the sweetening of the relationships between Marine Corps and Army. Nonetheless DeCarre was in charge of all marine ground units during the campaign.[4]

General DeCarre remained temporarily in command of the 2nd Marine Division until May 1943, when he was relieved by Major General Julian C. Smith. In the capacity of assistant division commander, he was succeeded by Brigadier General Leo D. Hermle. DeCarre then returned to the United States in June 1943 and was admitted to the Naval Hospital in San Diego for the treatment with tropical disease.[5] For his service on Guadalcanal, DeCarre later received a Letter of Commendation for his outstanding work during the campaign from General Patch.[4]

After his recovery, DeCarre was assigned to Camp Pendleton, where he was appointed chief of staff to Major General Joseph C. Fegan Sr., commander of this facility.[6] DeCarre was later transferred to the Marine Corps Base Quantico in April 1944 and served there for the rest of the War. He retired from the Marine Corps in June 1946 and was advanced to the rank of major general on the retired list for having been specially commended in combat.[3]

After his retirement from the Marine Corps, DeCarre resided in Coronado, California together with his wife Mildred and their daughter Patricia.[4] Major general Alphonse DeCarre died while in Hightstown, New Jersey.[7] He is buried at Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery in San Diego.[1]

Decorations

   Fourragère CG.png
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
1st Row Navy Cross Distinguished Service Cross Silver Star French Fourragère
2nd Row Navy Commendation Medal Purple Heart Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal with one service star Haitian Campaign Medal
3rd Row World War I Victory Medal with five battle clasps Army of Occupation of Germany Medal Nicaraguan Campaign Medal (1933) China Service Medal
4th Row American Defense Service Medal American Campaign Medal Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with two service stars World War II Victory Medal
5th Row Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur French Croix de guerre 1914-1918 with Palm Haitian Medal of Honour and Merit with Diploma, Officer Haitian Distinguished Service Medal and Diploma
Military offices
Preceded by
John Marston
2nd Marine Division
March, 1943 - May, 1943
Succeeded by
Julian C. Smith

References

  1. ^ a b "MG Alphonse DeCarre (1892 - 1977) - Find a Grave Memorial". findagrave.com. Retrieved 2016-08-27. 
  2. ^ a b c "Valor awards for Alphonse DeCarre". valor.militarytimes.com. Retrieved 2016-08-27. 
  3. ^ a b "Decorated Marines of the Fourth Brigade in World War I". George B. Clark. Retrieved 2016-08-27. 
  4. ^ a b c "Local Marine Officer Commended For Outstanding Work". cdnc.ucr.edu. Retrieved 2016-08-27. 
  5. ^ "New Command given to Gen. Larsen". historicperiodicals.princeton.edu. Retrieved 2016-08-27. 
  6. ^ "Maj. Gen. Vogel to take Parris Island Command". historicperiodicals.princeton.edu. Retrieved 2016-08-27. 
  7. ^ "Maj. Gen. DeCarre". cdnc.ucr.edu. Retrieved 2016-08-27. 
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