Alpha Phi

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Alpha Phi
ΑΦ
Alpha Phi Crest.png
Founded September 18, 1872; 145 years ago (1872-09-18)[1]
Syracuse University, (Syracuse, New York)
Type Social
Scope International
Motto Union hand in hand
Colors Bordeaux, silver
Symbol Ivy
Flower Lily of the Valley, Forget-me-not
Mascot Phi Bear
Publication Quarterly
Philanthropy Alpha Phi Foundation in support of Women's Heart Health
Chapters 170[2]
Members 200,000+ lifetime
Headquarters 1930 Sherman Avenue
Evanston, Illinois
USA
Website alphaphi.org

Alpha Phi International Women's Fraternity (ΑΦ) is a sorority with 170 active chapters and over 200,000 initiated members.

Founded at Syracuse University in Syracuse, New York on September 18, 1872,[3][4] it is the fourth Greek-letter organization founded for women, and the first "sorority" founded for women in the northeast.

Alpha Phi is a member of the National Panhellenic Conference, the governing council of 26 women's fraternities.[5] Its own national headquarters are located in Evanston, Illinois.

History

At the time of the founding there were only twenty women attending Syracuse; ten of them eventually formed of Alpha Phi to found an organization "on the principles of the promotion of growth in character; unity of feeling, sisterly affection, and social communion among the members."[6] Although the actual founding date is September 18, 1872, Alpha Phi has been celebrating their Founder's Day on October 10 since 1902, since many colleges and universities were not open for classes in mid-September at that time. Alpha Phi considers itself a women's fraternity because its founding date predates the invention of the word "sorority".

Four founders of Alpha Phi, reunited at a national convention in 1922: Clara Bradley Burdette, Jane Sara Higham, Louise Shepard Hancock, and Clara Sittser Williams.

Founders

Alpha Phi's founding members were:[7][8]

  • Martha Emily Foote Crow – Martha "Mattie" Foote Crow (1854 – January 1, 1924) was an educator and writer. Born in Sackets Harbor, New York,[9] she played an important role in the development of higher education for women in the United States.[10]
  • Rena A. Michaels Atchison – She served as a professor at several universities. She then served as Dean of Women's College, Northwestern University from 1886–1891.
  • Clara Bradley Baker Wheeler Burdette
  • Jane Sara Higham
  • Clara Sittser Williams
  • Florence Chidester Lukens
  • Ida Arabella Gilbert DeLamanter Houghton
  • Kate Elizabeth Hogoboom Gilbert
  • Louise Viola Shepard Hancock
  • Elizabeth Grace Hubbell Shults

Symbols

Like many other women's fraternities, Alpha Phi recognizes multiple types of symbols, with the Ivy Leaf as their primary symbol. The fraternity's official colors are bordeaux and silver. The colors were originally blue and gold; however, these colors were similar to those of the Sigma Chi fraternity so they were changed.[citation needed] The flowers are the Lily of the Valley and the Forget-me-not, and the fraternity lists its values as "Sisterhood, Scholarship, Service, Leadership, Loyalty, Character Development."

Alpha Phi's public motto is "union hand in hand". According to Alexandra Robbins, it also has a "secret" motto, "A.O.E""[11]

Badge

Like other Greek life organizations, Alpha Phi has created an individual symbol for its organization that they felt was meaningful, and as the fraternity states, "Alpha Phi was the first women's organization to use Greek letters as an emblem. Originally there was no standard badge. Until 1906 when the current badge was adopted, each member [of Alpha Phi] went to the jeweler of her choice to have her pin designed."[1] Currently, all members receive a badge when they are initiated.

  • Honor Badge – These pins are worn by international officers, and presidents of college chapters while they are serving their reign as president.
  • New member Badge – "In 1898 the Fraternity adopted a special badge to honor her newest members. The badge they selected is in the shape of an ivy leaf, set in silver pewter. An ever-growing vine, the ivy symbolizes the growth of the Alpha Phi sisterhood."[1]
  • Fifty-Year Pin – "The first fifty-year pins, silver circles with red stones, were presented at the 42nd Convention in 1958 to several alumnae who had given significant service to the fraternity for 50 years or more. These pins are replicas of the pins presented to the six living founders at the Fraternity's Fiftieth Anniversary Convention in 1922."[1]

Philanthropy

Alpha Phi fraternity participates in philanthropy via a separate arm, the Alpha Phi Foundation, founded in 1956. The fraternity officially adopted Cardiac Care as its philanthropic priority in 1946, which then became the Foundation's focus upon its founding in 1956. The Foundation supports programs and research that study heart disease in women – specifically its symptoms, its treatment and its prevention.The foundation raises and awards funds and grants for programs in leadership and academics, towards women's heart health, for members with financial needs, and for heritage preservation and education about philanthropy.[12]

The Foundation helps fund research and educational programs that support the improvement of women's heart health through its annual Heart to Heart Cardiac Care Grant, a $50,000 award towards better understanding gender differences in heart health through increasing heart disease prevention and treatment in women. The fraternity considers the first Friday of February as Red Dress Pin Day and the month of February as Cardiac Care Month where individual Alpha Phi chapters are encouraged to develop a relationship with a local cardiac care project in their community as well as to promote awareness of women's heart disease.

Collegiate chapters of Alpha Phi host a philanthropy event known as The Red Dress Gala (also called "Red Dress Ball" or "Aphiasco" by some chapters), which includes a silent auction, guest speakers, and a full dinner for sisters, alumni, and family. Traditionally, the collegiate members wear red dresses to represent their support for Women's Heart Health. This event raises funds for their Foundation and the Heart to Heart Grant. Collegiate chapters, alumnae chapters and individual members can nominate a local heart project for the Heart to Heart Cardiac Care Grant. Self-nominations are also accepted. The recipient is selected by a team of medical professionals and the Foundation board of directors.

Past recipients of the Heart to Heart Grant

Note: Texas Heart Institute has been awarded the grant twice, in 2013 and 2017.

Controversies

In 2013, Miss America 2015 Kira Kazantsev was terminated from the Theta Mu chapter at Hofstra University for abusive hazing. At the time, Kazantsev was serving the chapter as head of recruitment.[16]

In 2015, the Beta Mu chapter at the University of Alabama took down a recruitment video that was heavily criticized for its lack of diversity and the provocative way in which collegiate women were portrayed.[17]

In October 2016, the Iota Delta chapter at the University of Rhode Island charter was revoked for at least five years. On bid day, the sorority was accused of endangering the health and safety of new members and violating the university's alcohol policy.[18]

In January 2018, Harley Barber, a member of the Beta Mu chapter at the University of Alabama was terminated from the sorority and expelled from the college after posting videos on social media in which she repeatedly used the n-word and other profanities to make degrading comments about African-Americans.[19] The incident gained media coverage across the country, University President Stuart R. Bell, the University Panhellenic Association, and Linda Kahangi, executive director of Alpha Phi International Fraternity released statements.[20]

Membership

Chapters

Notable alumnae

Business

Entertainment

Literature

Medicine

News media and journalism

Politics and government

Sports

Religion

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d AlphaPhi.org Archived March 18, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ http://www.alphaphi.org/aboutus/whoweare
  3. ^ Greek Info Pages: NPC Sororities Archived July 11, 2012, at Archive.is
  4. ^ Alpha Phi International Blog
  5. ^ "Our Member Organizations". National Panhellenic Conference. Retrieved 2018-05-10. 
  6. ^ "Alpha Phi Bylaws 2012". Indiana University - beINvolved. Retrieved 3 June 2018. 
  7. ^ AlphaPhi.org, About us: Founders.
  8. ^ [The Ivy Leaf, Introduction to Alpha Phi: An Official Publication of Alpha Phi Fraternity, Inc.]
  9. ^ KM. "Martha Foote Crow Papers: an inventory of her papers at Syracuse University". Syracuse University, May 1990. http://library.syr.edu/digital/guides/print/crow_mf_prt.htm.
  10. ^ Rossiter, Margaret W. "Doctorates for American Women, 1868–1907." History of Education Quarterly 22, no. 2 (Summer): 159-183.
  11. ^ Robbins, Alexandra (2015). The Secret Life of Sororities. Hachette. p. 285. ISBN 978-0786888597. Retrieved 9 August 2016. 
  12. ^ "Mission/ Vision". Alpha Phi Foundation. Archived from the original on April 21, 2012. Retrieved December 29, 2011. 
  13. ^ Eventsoftheheart.org Archived July 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ Womenheart.org
  15. ^ "Heart to Heart Grant Recipients - Alpha Phi Foundation". Alpha Phi Foundation. Retrieved 2017-12-19. 
  16. ^ Hutchinson, Bill. "Miss America engaged in 'dirty pledging' at Hofstra University sorority: report - NY Daily News". nydailynews.com. Retrieved 2018-06-17. 
  17. ^ Bromwich, Jonah (2015-08-18). "Sorority Video Generates Charges of Discrimination". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-01-20. 
  18. ^ http://www.providencejournal.com/news/20161031/uri-revokes-sororitys-charter-following-alcohol-violation
  19. ^ "Harley Barber's mom says daughter is degrading herself, OK with punishment". AL.com. Retrieved 2018-06-17. 
  20. ^ Eltagouri, Marwa (2018-01-17). "She recorded herself making racial slurs on MLK Day. Her college expelled her". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-06-17. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am "Alpha Phi Fraternity – Famous Phis". Alpha Phi Fraternity. Archived from the original on March 18, 2007. Retrieved March 25, 2007. 
  22. ^ a b "Not Available" (PDF). Alphaphi.org. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  23. ^ "Alpha Phi Fraternity Quarterly" (PDF). Alpha Phi Fraternity. 2006. Retrieved 2007-03-25. 
  24. ^ "Gabrielle Ruiz* ~ Bio". www.gabrielleruiz.net. Archived from the original on 2016-04-01. Retrieved 2017-10-13. 
  25. ^ [1] Archived February 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.

External links

  • Alpha Phi Homepage
  • Alpha Phi Foundation
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