Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence

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Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence
Founded 2013; 5 years ago (2013)
Founder Paul Allen
Headquarters Seattle, Washington, U.S.
Key people
Oren Etzioni

The Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence (abbreviated AI2) is a research institute funded by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen to achieve scientific breakthroughs by constructing AI systems with reasoning, learning, and reading capabilities.[1] Oren Etzioni was appointed by Paul Allen in September 2013 to direct the research at the institute.[2][3][4]


  • Aristo: A flagship project of AI2, inspired by a similar project called Project Halo carried out by Seattle-based artificial intelligence company Vulcan.[5] The goal is to attempt to design computers that can pass school science examinations (4th grade, 8th grade, and 12th grade) after preparing for the examinations from the course texts and study guides.[5][6] The focus of the project is explained by the guiding philosophy that artificial intelligence is about having a mental model for how things operate and refining that mental model based on new knowledge.[6][7] It was found that computers could learn better from study guides than from ordinary textbooks because study guides offered information more directly and avoided metaphorical language and digressions.[7]
  • Euclid: A project focused on understanding and solving mathematical word problems and diagram-based geometry problems. The project integrates both diagram understanding and natural language understanding and seeks to create state-of-the-art solvers for both problem types.[8]
  • Plato: A ground-breaking research project on visual knowledge extraction that capitalizes on the wealth of information available in images. Project Plato aims to create knowledge bases composed entirely of information derived from images, both static and video.[9]
  • Semantic Scholar: This project is a new service for scientific literature search and discovery, focusing on semantics and textual understanding. This search engine allows users to find key survey papers about a topic or to produce a list of important citations or results in a given paper.[10][11] Semantic Scholar officially launched on November 2, 2015.[12] In September 2017, Semantic Scholar added biomedical papers to its corpus.[13]


In 2018, the institute partnered with the University of Washington to explore deep learning artificial intelligence designed to predict how dogs would respond to stimulus. Researchers used over 20,000 frames of video to train A.I. in hopes they would be able to predict movements, and learn other dog behavior.[14]

AI2 also partnered with the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and the University of Washington to develop an artificial intelligence named Composition, Retrieval and Fusion Network (Craft). After the A.I. was trained with a database of over 25,000 videos from the U.S. television show The Flintstones, it was able to create video clips that resembled the cartoon it was based on.[15]

Startup Incubator

Launched in 2015, the institute's startup incubator will try to develop technologies in the artificial intelligence field.[16]

Media coverage

AI2 was the subject of an in-depth article in The Verge.[6] Its launch was covered in Xconomy,[3] and GeekWire.[4] Allen and Etzioni co-authored an article for CNN about artificial intelligence and AI2 in December 2013.[17] AI2 has also been mentioned in other articles discussing the current state of and trends in artificial intelligence research.[18]

See also


  1. ^ "AI2: Home". Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Paul G. Allen appoints Head of Artificial Intelligence Institute" (PDF). Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence. September 4, 2013. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Romano, Benjamin (September 4, 2013). "Paul Allen Hires Oren Etzioni for New Artificial Intelligence Push". Xconomy. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Cook, John (September 4, 2013). "Going beyond Siri and Watson: Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen taps Oren Etzioni to lead new Artificial Intelligence Institute". GeekWire. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Project Aristo". Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c Brandom, Russell (October 24, 2013). "Paul Allen and the Machines: teaching the next generation of artificial intelligence". The Verge. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b Clark; Harrison; Balasubramanian (2013). "A Study of the Knowledge Base Requirements for Passing an Elementary Science Test" (PDF). Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  8. ^ "AI2 : Euclid". 
  9. ^ "AI2 : Plato". 
  10. ^ "AI2 : Semantic Scholar". 
  11. ^ "Semantic Scholar". 
  12. ^ "Semantic Scholar Utilizes Artificial Intelligence Methods to Transform Scientific Search for Computer Scientists" (PDF). 
  13. ^ Coldewey, Devin. "Allen Institute for AI's Semantic Scholar adds biomedical papers to its AI-sorted corpus". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2017-11-20. 
  14. ^ "Forget Cloning Dogs, A.I. Is The Real Way to Let Your Pooch Live Forever". Digital Trends. 13 April 2018. 
  15. ^ "Researchers Trained an AI to Create Flinstones Cartoons". The Next Web. 12 April 2018. 
  16. ^ John Cook. "Paul Allen's Artificial Intelligence Institute launches startup incubator with top minds in AI - GeekWire". GeekWire. 
  17. ^ Allen, Paul; Etzioni, Oren (December 11, 2013). "From Star Trek to Siri: How the Machine-Reading Revolution will dictate the future". CNN. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  18. ^ "AI2: Press". Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 

External links

  • Official website
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