Alexander Wilkie

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Alexander Wilkie
Alexander Wilkie.JPG
Wilkie in the mid 1900s.
Member of Parliament
for Dundee
In office
8 February 1906 – 26 October 1922
Serving with Edmund Robertson (1906-1908), Winston Churchill (1908-1922)
Preceded by John Leng
Edmund Robertson
Succeeded by E. D. Morel
Edwin Scrymgeour
Personal details
Born 30 September 1850
Fife, Scotland, UK
Died 2 September 1928 (aged 77)
Political party Labour

Alexander Wilkie (30 September 1850 – 2 September 1928) was a Labour Party politician in Scotland, best known for his service as a Member of Parliament for Dundee. Along with the Dundonian George Nicoll Barnes Wilkie was one of the first two Labour Members elected in Scotland.[1][2]

Biography

Alexander Wilkie was born in Fife in 1850 and prior to his political career was a ship carpenter.[3] Wilkie was known for his work in the Labour movement serving as general secretary of the Ship Constructive and Shipwrights Association. He helped to form Labour Representation Committee and visited the United States of America as a member of the Mosely Commission in 1902.[3]

He unsuccessfully contested the Sunderland constituency at the 1900 general election,[4] but was elected to the House of Commons at the 1906 general election as one of the two Members of Parliament for Dundee.[4] Wilkie's election has been argued to be an important part of a broader process of political change in Dundee which saw the city's electorate move from supporting the Liberal Party to supporting the Labour Party.[5]

While MP for Dundee, Wilkie was a Trustee of both University College, Dundee and the Dundee Technical College and School of Art.[6] He also contributed to The Tocsin a monthly periodical that backed the Labour Party in Dundee which was edited by Joseph Lee.[7]

From 1908 to 1922 his colleague as MP for Dundee was the Liberal Winston Churchill. At the 1918 general election both Wilkie and Churchill were supported by the local Unionists, as well as their own party organisations. In Wilkie's case this reflected both the fact that his political views had moved to the right since 1914 and his support for British involvement in the Great War.[7][8] The Glasgow Herald noted in 1918 that Wilkie had 'never been regarded as a rabid socialist' and had won support from many Liberal voters in the past owing his 'moderate' opinions.[9]

It was reported in 1920 that Wilkie would retire at the next general election.[10] Wilkie then stood down at the 1922 general election.[11]

References

  1. ^ "Tracing the development of Red Scotland". Archives, Records and Artefacts at the University of Dundee. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  2. ^ "Archive Services Online Catalogue Dundee City Labour Party". University of Dundee. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  3. ^ a b The Times House of Commons 1910. London: John Parkinson Bland at the Times Office. 1910. p. 94. 
  4. ^ a b Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  5. ^ Baxter, Kenneth; Kenefick William (2011). "Labour Politics and the Dundee Working Class c 1895-1936". In Jim Tomlinson and Christopher A. Whatley. Jute No More. Dundee: Dundee University Press. p. 199. ISBN 978-1-84586-090-5. 
  6. ^ The Dundee Directory 1911-1912. Dundee: James P. Mathew & Co. 1911. pp. 94–95. Retrieved 14 July 2015. 
  7. ^ a b Baxter, Kenneth. "General Election Special 1: Parliamentary Elections in Dundee 1910-2010". Archives, Records and Artefacts at the University of Dundee. University of Dundee. Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  8. ^ Baxter, Kenneth; Kenefick William (2011). "Labour Politics and the Dundee Working Class c 1895-1936". In Jim Tomlinson and Christopher A. Whatley. Jute No More. Dundee: Dundee University Press. p. 205. ISBN 978-1-84586-090-5. 
  9. ^ "Dundee Trouble in the Labour Camp". The Glasgow Herald (136th year No. 284). 27 November 1918. Retrieved 5 August 2016. 
  10. ^ "Why Wilkie is Retiring". Evening Telegraph and Post. 14 January 1920. p. 2. 
  11. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs

External links

  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Alexander Wilkie
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Leng
and Edmund Robertson
Member of Parliament for Dundee
19061922
With: Edmund Robertson 1906–1908;
Winston Churchill 1908–1922
Succeeded by
Edwin Scrymgeour
and E. D. Morel
Trade union offices
Preceded by
New position
General Secretary of the Ship Constructive and Shipwrights' Association
1882–1928
Succeeded by
Frank Purdy
Preceded by
Will Thorne
Chairman of the Parliamentary Committee of the Trades Union Congress
1897
Succeeded by
W. J. Davis
Preceded by
William Inskip and Will Thorne
Trades Union Congress representative to the American Federation of Labour
1899
With: James Haslam
Succeeded by
Pete Curran and John Weir


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