Alexander, Prince of Orange

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Alexander
Prince of Orange
Alexander der Nederlanden 1851 - 1884.jpg
A drawing by F.A. Tilly
Born (1851-08-25)25 August 1851
Noordeinde Palace, The Hague, Netherlands
Died 21 June 1884(1884-06-21) (aged 32)
The Hague, Netherlands
Burial 17 July 1884
Nieuwe Kerk, Delft, Netherlands
Full name
Willem Alexander Karel Hendrik Frederik
House Orange-Nassau
Father William III of the Netherlands
Mother Sophie of Württemberg

Alexander, Prince of Orange (Willem Alexander Karel Hendrik Frederik; 25 August 1851 – 21 June 1884), was heir apparent to his father King William III of the Netherlands from 11 June 1879 until his death.

For a span of 116 years, from the birth of Alexander (1851) until the birth of the present king Willem-Alexander (1967), no male heirs were born into the Dutch Royal House.

Life

Prince Alexander of the Netherlands was born in The Hague on 25 August 1851.[1] He was the third child of King William III and Queen Sophie. His second brother, Prince Maurice had died the previous year.[2] Unlike his brother William, the crown prince, he was disciplined, intellectual and well-read. His mother, Queen Sophie died in 1877. After Prince William's death two years later on 11 June 1879, he became heir apparent to the Dutch throne and as such the Prince of Orange.

Alexander held the position of heir apparent until his own death, at age 32, on 21 June 1884 in The Hague from typhus.[1] Although he never married, negotiations were held for him to marry, firstly Princess Thyra of Denmark, and supposedly secondly the Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal. He was buried in the new royal burial vault in the Nieuwe Kerk in Delft on 17 July 1884.[3] After his death, his half-sister, the future Queen Wilhelmina, became heiress presumptive to the Dutch throne.[4] Alexander's death meant that on the death of William III the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg came into the hands of Duke Adolphus from the Walram line of the House of Nassau, as under the terms of the house-treaty a princess could not succeed to that title.

Prince Alexander was Grand Master of the Grand Orient of the Netherlands.

Titles and styles

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ a b (in Dutch) Prins Alexander (1851 -1884). Retrieved on 2008-07-28.
  2. ^ (in Dutch) Stamboom Koninklijk Huis. Retrieved on 2008-07-28.
  3. ^ The royal burial vaults. Retrieved on 2008-07-28.
  4. ^ "Genealogy of the Royal Family of the Netherlands". Archived from the original on 2009-10-28. Retrieved 2013-05-04. 

External links

  • Biography of Alexander of the Netherlands (1851-1884)
Alexander, Prince of Orange
Born: 25 August 1851 Died: 21 June 1884
Dutch royalty
Preceded by
Willem
Prince of Orange
1879-1884
Vacant
Title next held by
Willem-Alexander
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