Aldama Municipality, Tamaulipas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Show de Municipality in the State

Aldama is a municipality of the northeastern Mexican state of Tamaulipas. According to the census of 2010, the municipality had an area of 3,672 square kilometres (1,418 sq mi) and a population of 29,470, including the town of Aldama with a population of 13,661.[1]

History

The region of Aldama prior to the arrival of the Spaniards in the early 16th century was the northern outpost of the Huastec culture, a maize growing culture remotely related to the Maya. The first European to traverse the region was Francisco de Garay in 1523. Maize cultivation reached approximately to the Tropic of Cancer beyond which lived the hunter-gathering Coahuiltecan people.[2]

Spanish settlement of Aldama began in 1785 when arrival of 76 families comprising 293 persons from the Mexican state later known as Guerrero. A Catholic mission called San Vicente del Platanal was established to convert the local Indian people, wean them away from their semi-nomadic livestyle, and concentrate them into settlements. Aldama was founded on April 15, 1790, under the name of Villa de la Divina Pastora de las Presas del Rey. In 1828, the municipality was renamed Aldama in honor of Ignacio Aldama, a hero of the Mexican Revolution.[3]

Geography

Aldama is bordered by the municipalities of Soto La Marina to the north, Altamira to the south, Casas and González to the west and the Gulf of Mexico to the east. The northwestern corner of Aldama is at the southern extremity of the mountain range known as the Sierra de Tamaulipas.

The primary natural vegetation found in Aldama is tropical thorn forest (Tamaulipan matorral). At higher elevations with higher rainfall and lower temperatures, are three major vegetation types. Tropical deciduous forest is found at elevations of 1,000 to 2,300 feet (300 to 700 m). The average height of this closed-canopy forest is about 25 feet (7.6 m). Montane scrub is found in dry areas between 2,000 and 2,900 feet (610 and 880 m) elevation. This vegetation type consists of low thickets and savanna. Huisache is a common shrub. Pine-oak forests are found a small area of elevation greater than 2,600 feet (790 m).[4]

A cenote similar to those found in the Sierra de Tamaulipas

Near the town of Aldama is a limestone karst area in which many caves and cenotes (water-filled sinkholes) are found, including Zacatón which is the deepest sinkhole in the world with a depth of 1,112 feet (339 m).[5] In 1994, cave-diving pioneer Sheck Exley died attempting to dive to the bottom of Zacatón.

Climate

Freezes are rare in Aldama with an all-time low temperature of −2 °C (28 °F)

Climate data for Aldama, Tamaulipas (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.0
(95)
39.8
(103.6)
39.0
(102.2)
43.0
(109.4)
48.0
(118.4)
39.5
(103.1)
38.5
(101.3)
38.5
(101.3)
38.0
(100.4)
36.5
(97.7)
33.2
(91.8)
34.0
(93.2)
48.0
(118.4)
Average high °C (°F) 25.2
(77.4)
26.6
(79.9)
29.0
(84.2)
31.4
(88.5)
33.4
(92.1)
33.8
(92.8)
33.1
(91.6)
33.4
(92.1)
32.0
(89.6)
30.2
(86.4)
27.5
(81.5)
25.0
(77)
30.1
(86.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19.1
(66.4)
20.0
(68)
22.6
(72.7)
24.9
(76.8)
27.4
(81.3)
28.3
(82.9)
28.0
(82.4)
28.0
(82.4)
26.9
(80.4)
24.4
(75.9)
21.5
(70.7)
19.1
(66.4)
24.2
(75.6)
Average low °C (°F) 12.9
(55.2)
13.4
(56.1)
16.1
(61)
18.4
(65.1)
21.5
(70.7)
22.9
(73.2)
23.0
(73.4)
22.7
(72.9)
21.9
(71.4)
18.7
(65.7)
15.6
(60.1)
13.1
(55.6)
18.4
(65.1)
Record low °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
0.0
(32)
3.0
(37.4)
9.0
(48.2)
12.0
(53.6)
15.0
(59)
15.0
(59)
10.0
(50)
10.0
(50)
3.5
(38.3)
1.0
(33.8)
0.0
(32)
−0.5
(31.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10.4
(0.409)
9.0
(0.354)
15.8
(0.622)
17.0
(0.669)
28.8
(1.134)
107.1
(4.217)
118.2
(4.654)
116.1
(4.571)
92.7
(3.65)
54.5
(2.146)
15.6
(0.614)
17.7
(0.697)
599.9
(23.618)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.3 2.0 2.1 2.5 3.2 7.7 8.1 7.1 7.6 4.5 2.7 2.6 52.4
Source: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional[6][7]

Aldama's climate borders on three different Koppen climatic classifications:: Tropical savanna (Aw), Steppe (BS), and Humid subtropical (Cwa). The higher elevations of the municipality are slightly cooler and wetter.

Hydrography

There are 3 important rivers in Aldama: the Tigre river, the Barbarena river and the Carrizal river.

Economy

Cattle are by far the most important agricultural product of the municipality. The most valuable crops grown are chili peppers, onions, tomatoes, and soybeans. Fishing is important as a source of income and food. Among the products are oysters, huachinango (red snapper), snook, tarpon, shrimp, crab, tilapia and sea trout.

Tourism

The municipality has several natural attractions. There are pristine and undeveloped beaches among them: Barra del Tordo, Morón and Rancho Nuevo. They are very popular among bass fishing aficionados and winter Texans. They are easily reached from Tampico, Monterrey or Brownsville, TX. Cenotes attract sight-seers and cave divers.

Coordinates: 22°55′01″N 98°04′01″W / 22.917°N 98.067°W / 22.917; -98.067

External links

References

  1. ^ http://www.campotamaulipas.gob.mx/oeidrus/pdfs/basica/aldama.pdf, accessed 7 Dec 2014
  2. ^ Salinas, Martin. Indians of the Rio Grande Delta Austin: University of Texas Press, 1990, p. 73. In the opinion of most authorities, Salinas mistakenly identifies the Soto La Marina River as the Rio Grande.
  3. ^ http://www.campotamaulipas.gob.mx/oeidrus/pdfs/basica/aldama.pdf, accessed 8 Dec 2014.
  4. ^ Martin, Paul S., Robins, C. Richard, and Heed, William B. "Birds and Biogeography of the Sierra de Tamaulipas, an Isolated Pine-Oak Habitat" The Wilson Bulletin, Vol 66, No 1 (Mar 1954), pp. 41-42, 55
  5. ^ http://www.ri.cmu.edu/publication_view.html?pub_id=6144; "Cenotes de Aldama: RTP-94" http://www.conabio.gob.mx/conocimiento/regionalizacion/doctos/rtp_094.pdf, accessed 26 Feb 2013
  6. ^ "Estado de Tamaulipas-Estacion: Aldama (DGE)". Normales Climatologicas 1951–2010 (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorologico Nacional. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  7. ^ "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for Aldama (DGE) 1985–2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aldama_Municipality,_Tamaulipas&oldid=863114574"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aldama_Municipality,_Tamaulipas
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Aldama Municipality, Tamaulipas"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA