Alberto Bayo

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Alberto Bayo y Giroud (March 27,1892 in Camagüey –August 4,1967 in Havana) was a Cuban military leader of the defeated left-wing Loyalists in the Spanish Civil War. He was also a poet and essayist.

He was born in Cuba and studied in the United States and Spain. Bayo's most significant action during the Spanish Civil War was his invasion and retreat from the islands of Ibiza and Majorca.

After that war was lost, Bayo had a furniture factory in Mexico, and is said to have been an instructor at the Military Academy of Guadalajara. Bayo had contact in Mexico with prominent Latin American revolutionaries, and was associate/mentor of some, including Ernesto Che Guevara and Fidel Castro. While it is not known if he continued direct contact with Soviet Union agents such as "Comandante Carlos Contreras" Vittorio Vidali after the war was lost in Spain, both were present in Mexico for throughout the same period.

Alberto Bayo died a General of the Cuban Armed Forces.

Bayo as author and poet

  • Cualquier cosilla (poetry), Spain, 1911
  • Mis cantos de aspirante (poetry), Spain, 1911
  • Cadetadas (poetry), Spain, 1912
  • Canciones del Alkázar (poetry), Spain, 1914
  • Juan de Juanes (novel), Spain, 1926
  • Uncida al yugo (novel), Spain, 1926
  • Dos años en Gomara, Spain, 1928
  • La guerra será de los guerrilleros, Spain, 1937
  • El tenorio laico (poetry), Spain, 1938
  • Mi desembarco en Mallorca, Mexico, 1944
  • Tempestad en el Caribe, Mexico, 1950
  • Cámara, México (history), 1951
  • El caballero de los tristes destinos (capitán Alonso de Ojeda), México, 1953
  • Magallanes, el hombre más audaz de la tierra, Mexico, 1953
  • 150 preguntas a un guerrillero, Mexico, 1955
  • Fidel te espera en la Sierra (poetry), Mexico, 1958
  • Mis versos de rebeldía, Mexico, 1958
  • Sangre en Cuba (poetry), Mexico, 1958
  • Mi aporte a la revolución cubana, 1960
  • El tenorio cubano (poetry), 1960
  • Versos revolucionarios, 130 pp, 1960
  • Mis versos, 223 pp, 1965

External links and references

  • Cubaliteraria: Albert Bayo (Spanish)
  • wannadoo: Alberto Bayo (Spanish)
  • El Ejército Popular Republicano (Spanish)
  • España en Guerra (Spanish) (.pdf)
  • Alberto Bayo: Gerilla Nedir? (Turkish)

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