Albanian parliamentary election, 2013

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Albanian parliamentary election, 2013

← 2009 23 June 2013 2017 →

All 140 seats in the Assembly of the Republic of Albania
71 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 53.5% Increase

  First party Second party
  Msc 2006-Saturday, 16.00 - 18.00-Berisha.jpg
Leader Edi Rama Sali Berisha
Party Socialist Democratic
Alliance ASHE APMI
Last election 65 seats 68 seats
Seats won 65 50
Seat change Steady 0 Decrease 18
Popular vote 713,407 528,373
Percentage 41.4% 30.6%
Alliance 993,904 680,677
Percentage 57.6% 39.5%
Alliance seats 83 57

Zgjedhjet e përgjithshme 2013 (harta qarqeve).svg
Alliance results on county level. The Alliance for a European Albania won all counties, with the exception of Kukës and Lezhë.

Prime Minister before election

Sali Berisha
Democratic

Elected Prime Minister

Edi Rama
Socialist

Coat of arms of Albania.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Albania

Parliamentary elections were held in Albania on 23 June 2013.[1] The result was a victory for the Alliance for a European Albania led by the Socialist Party and its leader, Edi Rama.[2] Incumbent Prime Minister Sali Berisha of the Democratic Party-led Alliance for Employment, Prosperity and Integration conceded defeat on 26 June,[3] widely viewed as a sign of growing democratic maturity in Albania.[4]

Background

The previous parliamentary elections were held on 28 June 2009 and resulted in a victory for the Democratic Party of Albania-led Alliance of Change, which received 46.92 of the vote, winning 70 of the 140 seats. The opposition Union for Change headed by Edi Rama of the Socialist Party received almost 45.34% of the vote and won the other 66 seats. The Democratic Party led by Sali Berisha formed the government with Berisha as Prime Minister.

Electoral system

The 140 members of Parliament were elected in twelve multi-member constituencies based on the twelve counties using closed list proportional representation with an electoral threshold of 3% for parties and 5% for alliances.[5] Seats were allocated to alliances using the d'Hondt method, then to political parties using the Sainte-Laguë method.[6]

Alliances

Prior to the election two major coalitions were formed, whilst four parties and two independent candidates ran alone.[7] In total there were 66 parties.

  • Alliance for Employment, Prosperity and Integration (Aleanca për Punësim, Mirëqenie dhe Integrim) is a coalition of 25 centrist and center-right parties. It was led by the then Prime Minister, Sali Berisha.
  • Alliance for a European Albania (Aleanca për Shqipërinë Europiane) is a big tent coalition containing 37 opposition parties that vary from far left to right-wing. It was led by the then Leader of the Opposition, now Prime Minister, Edi Rama.

Opinion polls

By party

By alliance

Conduct

The Central Election Commission was criticised for not replacing three of the seven member committee who had resigned in April following a dispute between the government and the opposition.

On election day, a shootout occurred in Laç resulting in the death of the LSI activist Gjon Pjeter Gjoni and injuring the PD candidate Mhill Fufi.[19]

Results

Alliance Party Votes % Seats +/–
Alliance
for a
European
Albania
Socialist Party 713,407 41.36 65 0
Socialist Movement for Integration 180,470 10.46 16 +12
Unity for Human Rights Party 14,722 0.85 1 0
Social Democracy Party of Albania 11,891 0.69 0 0
Social Democratic Party of Albania 10,220 0.59 0 0
People's Alliance 8,927 0.52 0 New
Christian Democratic Party 7,993 0.46 1 New
Real Socialist Party 91 6,135 0.36 0 0
Democratic Party for Integration and Prosperity 4,550 0.26 0 New
National Arbëreshë Alliance 3,575 0.21 0 New
Moderated Socialist Party 3,119 0.18 0 New
G99 2,977 0.17 0 0
Law and Justice Party 2,489 0.14 0 0
Albanian Future Party 2,284 0.13 0 New
Party for the Defence of the Rights of the Emigrants 2,275 0.13 0 0
Albanian Social Labour Party 2,174 0.13 0 New
Green Party 2,084 0.12 0 0
Albanian Party of Democratic Reforms 1,371 0.08 0 0
Albanian Communist Party of 8 November 1,352 0.08 0 New
Party of the Liberal Right Thought 1,210 0.07 0 New
Democratic Movement for Change 1,159 0.07 0 New
Albanian Labour Party (2002) 955 0.06 0 New
Albanian Communist Party 901 0.05 0 New
Path of Freedom Party 808 0.05 0 0
Alliance for European Equality and Justice 728 0.04 0 New
Reorganised Albanian Labour Party 622 0.03 0 New
Albanian Homeland Party 555 0.03 0 New
Albanian National Reconciliation Party 545 0.03 0 New
National Unity Party 513 0.03 0 New
Albanian Movement for Justice 508 0.03 0 New
Albanian Republican Unon 489 0.03 0 New
Albanian Affairs Party 476 0.03 0 New
Party of Disabled People 459 0.03 0 New
Environmental Party 452 0.03 0 New
Christian Democratic Alliance 416 0.02 0 New
Albanian Workers Movement Party 316 0.02 0 New
New Tolerance Party 287 0.02 0 0
Total 993,904 57.63 83
Alliance for
Employment,
Prosperity
and
Integration
Democratic Party 528,373 30.63 50 –18
Republican Party 52,168 3.02 3 +2
Party for Justice, Integration and Unity 44,957 2.61 4 +3
Demochristian Party of Albania 13,288 0.77 0 0
Legality and Unity of the Right 6,089 0.35 0 0
Movement for National Development 5,429 0.31 0 0
National Front Party 4,868 0.28 0 0
Party for the Future of the Greek Minority 3,305 0.19 0 New
Liberal Democratic Union 2,681 0.16 0 0
Environmentalist Agrarian Party 2,640 0.15 0 0
Albanian Emigration Party 2,325 0.13 0 New
New Albania Movement 2,320 0.13 0 New
Democratic National Front Party 2,242 0.13 0 0
Democratic Alliance Party 1,384 0.08 0 0
Macedonian Alliance for European Integration 1,229 0.07 0 0
Albanian Christian Democratic Movement 1,190 0.07 0 New
Alliance for Democracy and Solidarity 1,065 0.06 0 0
New European Democracy Party 970 0.06 0 0
Time of Albania 770 0.04 0 New
Party of the Real Albanian Path 635 0.04 0 New
Conservative Party 633 0.04 0 0
Albanian Democratic Union Party 606 0.04 0 New
Party of Denied Rights 554 0.03 0 New
New Party of Denied Rights 550 0.03 0 0
Peoples Union of Albanian Retirees Party 406 0.02 0 New
Total 680,677 39.46 57
New Democratic Spirit 29,310 1.70 0 New
Red and Black Alliance 10,196 0.59 0 New
League for Justice and Progress 1,068 0.06 0 New
Christian Democratic People's Party of Albania 416 0.02 0 New
Independents 9,208 0.53 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 24,099
Total 1,748,898 100 140 0
Registered voters/turnout 3,271,885 53.52
Source: CEC, IFES

By county

County Socialist Democratic LSI PDIU Republican Other parties
County Seats Votes % S Votes % S Votes % S Votes % S Votes % S Votes % S
Berat 8 42,897 46.94% 4 19,022 20.81% 2 21,549 23.58% 2 783 0.86% 0 1,962 2.15% 0 5,183 5.67% 0
Dibër 6 25,103 33.66% 2 30,137 40.41% 3 10,019 13.43% 1 248 0.33% 0 2,219 2.98% 0 6,856 9.19% 0
Durrës 13 60,833 39.24% 6 52,703 34.00% 5 11,605 7.49% 1 3,785 2.44% 0 10,519 6.79% 1 15,586 10.05% 0
Elbasan 14 75,086 43.26% 6 46,788 29.96% 4 18,484 10.65% 2 12,110 6.98% 1 6,266 3.61% 1 14,842 8.55% 0
Fier 16 89,637 44.18% 9 46,374 22.86% 4 19,677 9.70% 2 9,058 4.46% 1 3,881 1.91% 0 34,235 16.87% 0
Gjirokastër 5 25,148 42.36% 3 13,509 22.76% 1 11,534 19.43% 1 196 0.33% 0 2,642 4.45% 0 6,332 10.67% 0
Korçë 12 63,584 43.50% 6 47,061 32.20% 5 14,416 9.86% 1 1,440 0.99% 0 4,442 3.03% 0 15,216 10.41% 0
Kukës 4 11,384 24.32% 1 22,428 47.91% 3 5,648 12.06% 0 541 1.16% 0 2,397 5.12% 0 4,419 9.44% 0
Lezhë 7 26,433 32.90% 2 31,605 39.34% 4 8,820 10.98% 1 594 0.74% 0 1,388 1.73% 0 11,503 14.32% 0
Shkodër 11 37,984 31.12% 4 45,799 37.53% 5 12,772 10.46% 1 247 0.20% 0 4,930 4.04% 0 20,312 16.65% 1
Tiranë 32 198,837 44.05% 16 151,472 33.56% 11 35,394 7.84% 3 9,173 2.03% 1 10,561 2.34% 1 45,970 10.18% 0
Vlorë 12 56,481 46.62% 6 21,475 17.72% 3 10,552 8.71% 1 6,782 5.60% 1 981 0.81% 0 24,890 20.54% 1
Albania 713,407 41.36% 65 528,373 30.63% 50 180,470 10.46% 16 44,957 2.61% 4 52,168 3.02% 3 205,404 11.91% 2

Aftermath

Early on election day both Sali Berisha and Edi Rama claimed victory.[19] On 25 June, Edi Rama gave his victory speech saying, "I will be your prime minister, but also your prime servant. The duty will be mine; the authority will be yours."[20] On 26 June, after vote counting was finally complete, the outgoing Prime Minister, Sali Berisha, publicly accepted the result, took responsibility for the loss, resigned from his functions in the Democratic Party, and wished his opponent well in his new duties.[3]

Notes

  1. ^ Only in the municipality of Tirana

References

  1. ^ "Country Profile: Albania". IFES Election Guide. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
  2. ^ Robinson, Matt (25 June 2013). "Albanians hand Socialists a landslide, wait on PM to concede". Reuters. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Berisha jep dorëheqjen". Top Channel. 26 June 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  4. ^ Koleka, Benet (26 June 2013). "Albanian leader concedes defeat, soothes fears of poll dispute". Yahoo. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
  5. ^ Election Profile IFES
  6. ^ Electoral system IPU
  7. ^ "Lista shumemërore". CEC. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
  8. ^ "Zgjedhjet 2013, sondazhi i parë - Top Channel". top-channel.tv. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
  9. ^ "Sondazhi në Tiranë, PS fiton 37.1% të votave, PD 31.0% të votave | Gazeta Tema". gazetatema.net. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
  10. ^ "Sondazh i “Albstat”: PS 40.4 për qind, gjithë opozita 60 për qind | Gazeta Tema". gazetatema.net. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
  11. ^ "Sondazhi i dytë i AlbStat: PD ka vetëm 31.2%, PS ka 41.2% të votave | Gazeta Tema". gazetatema.net. Archived from the original on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
  12. ^ "SONDAZHI i dytë i Kult: PS merr 41%, PD merr 30% dhe AK është pranë 15% | Gazeta Tema". gazetatema.net. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
  13. ^ "Sondazhi i Soros për zgjedhjet: Fiton Partia Demokratike. Rritet numri i abstenuesve. | GAZETA REPUBLIKA". gazetarepublika.al. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
  14. ^ a b "SONDAZHI i Piepolit: Koalicioni i majtë 50.5%, koalicioni i djathtë 42%. Në Tiranë diferenca shkon 12 pikë | Gazeta Tema". gazetatema.net. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
  15. ^ a b "time.al - Sondazhi i "IPR Marketing" e "Ora News", sot të dhënat në rang kombëtar dhe për Fierin - Na ndiqni ne, të ndiqni lajmet". time.ikub.al. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
  16. ^ a b c "Sondazhi i Piepoli: E majta merr 73 mandate, e djathta 66 mandate, FRD 1 mandat | Gazeta Tema". gazetatema.net. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
  17. ^ "NOA Lajme - Agjencia Kombëtare e Lajmeve". noa.al. Archived from the original on 24 May 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
  18. ^ "Portali Albeu.com, Lajmet e fundit, sport, shqiperi, kosove, maqedoni -". albeu.com. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
  19. ^ a b "Violence mars Albania's general election". Al Jazeera. 23 June 2013. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
  20. ^ "Rama: Unë, Kryeministri dhe kryeshërbëtori juaj". Top Channel. 25 July 2013. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
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