Albanian Riviera

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Topographical map of the Albanian Riviera.

The Albanian Riviera ( Albanian pronunciation: [ɾiˈvi:ɛɾa ʃcipˈta:rɛ]Albanian: Riviera Shqiptare), also popularly known as Bregu, is a coastline along the Northeastern Ionian Sea in the Mediterranean Sea encompassing the districts of Sarandë and Vlorë in Southwestern Albania. It forms an important section of the Albanian Ionian Sea Coast dotted with the villages of Palasë, Dhërmi, Vuno, Himara, Qeparo, Borsh, Piqeras, Lukovë and Sarandë.[1]

The riviera should not be confused with the entire coastline of the country, which includes the Ionian Sea Coast, and the mostly flat Adriatic Sea Coast in the north. The Ceraunian Mountains separates the coast from the hinterland. The area is a major nightlife, ecotourist, and elite retreat destination in Albania. It features traditional Mediterranean villages, ancient castles, churches, monasteries, secluded turquoise beaches, bays, mountain passes, seaside canyons, coves, rivers, underwater fauna, caves, and orange, lemon, and olive groves. During the classical times, 48 BC during his pursuit of Pompey, Julius Caesar set foot and rested his legion at Palasë. He continued onto Llogara Pass in a place later named Caesar's Pass.

The region gained international attention after the 2009 reconstruction of the coastal road SH8, the 2010 tour stop of DJ Tiësto in Dhermi,[2] and the filming of a Top Gear episode featuring a breathtaking car pursuit along the winding coastal road.[3][4] The Albanian Riviera was proclaimed as the 2012 Top Value Destination by Frommer's.[5] The area has been host to several international music festivals such as Soundwave Albania and Turtle Fest, while becoming known for its long standing nightclubs such as Havana Beach Club near Dhermi and recently opened Folie Marine in Jale beach.

As part of the regional master plan,[6] the World Bank and other institutions are financing local infrastructure projects,[7][8] including the renovation of roofs and facades of traditional houses overlooking the Riviera, town squares redesign, and the construction of water supply and treatment plants.[9][10]

Landmarks

  • Sarandë is one of the most important tourist attractions of the Albanian Riviera. Near the city are the remains of the ancient city of Butrint.
  • Ksamil is one of the most frequented coastal resorts by both domestic and foreign tourists. The Ksamil Islands are a small archipelago just off the coast of the village bearing the same name.
  • Dhërmi is built on a slope of the Ceraunian Mountains at approximately 200 meters in altitude. The coastal area has seen a boom in the construction of accommodation facilities, such as wooden villa complexes and modern boutique hotels. In addition, it is considered a nightlife destination.
  • Gjipë Canyon, located in between Dhërmi and Jalë can only be reached by hiking from the Monastery of St. Theodore.
  • Borsh is the largest beach on the Ionian sea (7 km). Tourism here is still developing and there are a handful of small hotels and guesthouses.
  • Himara, has long white sandy beaches and the few hills close to the sea are terraced and planted with olive and citrus trees. Above is the Old Town which features a castle and some fortified stone houses.
  • Qeparo is situated on the western slope of Mount Gjivlash, at about 450 metres (1,480 ft) above sea level and is split up into two settlements. Old Qeparo crowns the hilltop overlooking acres of olive groves and the sea. The new settlement climbs the hillside above the beach. Many of the houses have steps that lead directly to the beach. A couple of hotels and a few guesthouses provide accommodations. A new seaside promenade was recently constructed and is popular with families in the evenings.
  • Palasë is a village close to the Llogara National Park and also a very popular destination for foreign tourists. On January 4, 48 BCE during his pursuit of Pompey, Julius Caesar landed in Palasë.
  • Lukovë is a village Vlorë County with great beaches and olive groves planted on terraced hillsides.
  • Piqeras village is the birthplace of the Albanian national hero Vasil Laçi who attempted to assassinate Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy and Shefqet Bej Vërlaci, Prime Minister of Albania after the occupation of Albania by fascist Italy.[11]
  • Karaburun Peninsula is the only national marine park of Albania. The Karaburun Peninsula is completely undeveloped and offers an abundance of hiking opportunities. A part of the Mountains is designated as a national park which is rich in wildlife, including deer, foxes, wild boars and even wolves.
  • Jalë is known for its nightlife. The Folie Marina is located in Jalë.
  • Llaman, is known for the gravel beaches with deep, clear waters.
  • Zvërnec Island is an island within the Narta Lagoon. The island is a tourist attraction because it contains the well preserved 13th century Byzantine Zvërnec Monastery.
  • Porto Palermo Castle is a castle situated in the bay of Porto Palermo. Huffington Post ranked Porto Palermo first among 15 Undiscovered European Destinations for 2014.
  • Butrint was an ancient city and is protected under UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

National Parks

The Llogara National Park is known from its vibrant flora and fauna with over 100 different types of wild animals and birds including: deer, wild cats, foxes, etc. The mixture of refreshing high altitude mountain air and proximity of the sea makes it very attractive destination for tourists. The area is also important for the growth of eco-tourism, picnic, hiking and air sports.

Butrint National Park
(Parku Kombëtar i Butrintit)
Llogara National Park
(Parku Kombëtar i Llogarasë)
Karaburun-Sazan National Park
(Parku Kombëtar Karaburun-Sazan)

Castles

The Ali Pasha Castle was named after Ali Pasha of Tepelenë, who resided there until 1820. The current fortress was rebuilt in 1819 from its surface with 3 towers. Until 1820, it was the second residence of Ali Pasha. The castle described and pictured is popularly known as The Triangular Fortress. Built under Venetian dominion in the late 15th or early 16th century, it provided a stronghold for the Venetians on Corfu to exploit fishing, grazing, olives and timber in and around Butrint.[12] The Borsh Castle is also known as the Castle of Sopot by the name of the hill on which it is located.

Lëkurësi Castle is located on a strategic hill point overlooking the horseshoe bay of Sarandë. From here one can view the entire town as well as the islands of Ksamil, Corfu Island and the Butrint Lagoon.

Porto Palermo Castle located a few kilometers south of Himarë in southern Albania. It is situated in the bay of Porto Palermo. Huffington Post ranked Porto Palermo first among 15 Undiscovered European Destinations for 2014.

Ali Pasha Castle
(Kalaja e Ali Pashës)
Porto Palermo Castle
(Kalaja e Porto Palermos)
Lëkurësi Castle
(Kalaja e Lëkurësit)

See also

References

  1. ^ Gloyer, Gillian (2008). The Bradt Travel Guide Albania. Bradt Publications UK. p. 199. ISBN 1-84162-246-X.
  2. ^ "DJ me famë botërore Tiesto, vjen për herë të parë në Shqipëri, ç'po ndodh në Dhërmi". noa.al (in Albanian). Retrieved 30 July 2009. Lajmi fantastik është se ditën e Enjte, datë 6 Gusht, DJ Tiesto do të shkelë për herë të parë tokën shqiptare, duke luajtur në "Havana Beach Club", në Dhërmi.
  3. ^ Driving in Albania – Top Gear – BBC YouTube (8 June 2011). Retrieved on 19 October 2011.
  4. ^ High Speed Albanian Police Chase – Top Gear Series 16 Episode 3 – BBC Two. YouTube (8 February 2011). Retrieved on 19 October 2011
  5. ^ "Top Value Destination Albanian Riviera". frommers.com. Unsung, undeveloped and eminently affordable, the Albanian Riviera has all the natural attractions of its Croatian counterpart further north but without the crowds and considerable expense. Here you have white-sand beaches, crystal-clear waters, and Mediterranean villages barely changed since long before King Zog.
  6. ^ "{title}". Archived from the original on 9 August 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011.
  7. ^ http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EXTINSPECTIONPANEL/Resources/AlbaniaICZMCPManagementResponseFinal.pdf
  8. ^ http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2010/03/17/000020953_20100317103239/Rendered/INDEX/535540ISDS0ALB0integrated0coastal0rev.txt
  9. ^ "{title}". Archived from the original on 9 August 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011.
  10. ^ "{title}" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 March 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
  11. ^ Owen Pearson (11 July 2006). Albania in the Twentieth Century, A History: Volume II: Albania in Occupation and War, 1939-45. I.B.Tauris. pp. 153–. ISBN 978-1-84511-104-5.
  12. ^ http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/570

External links

  • Lonely Planet Albania
  • AKB - National Coastal Agency of Albania
  • Visit Albania
  • Visit Ksamil
  • The best European beach 2016
  • On the Albanian Riviera, a Frugal Paradise
  • Discover the Albanian Riviera for yourself
  • Blocal Guides: Albanian Riviera
  • Albanian Riviera: Revealing the Secrets of Europe's Cheapest Beach Paradise
  • Invading Albania's Party Beaches
  • 52 Places to Go in 2014 - The New York Times
  • 20 destinations for 2015: Albania
  • The Best of Albania
  • 15 Best Places to Visit in Albania
  • 10 Places That Deserve More Travelers
  • 20 of the best beaches in Europe
  • Sorpresa dell’estate 2016
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