Alawi (sheikhdom)

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‘Alawi Sheikhdom
مشيخة العلوي
State of the Federation of South Arabia

1743–1967
Location of ‘Alawi
Map of the Federation of South Arabia
Capital Al Qasha
Government Sheikhdom
Historical era 20th century
 •  Established 1743
 •  Disestablished 1967

The Alawi Sheikhdom (Arabic: مشيخة العلويMashyakhat al-‘Alawī), or Alawi (Arabic: علوي‘Alawī) — was a Sheikhdom located in the Adan region of southwestern Yemen. Its capital was Al Qasha. The state was abolished in 1967 with the independence of the People's Republic of South Yemen.[1]

History

`Alawi was one of the original "Nine Cantons" that signed protectorate agreements with Great Britain in the 18th century.

In 1863 it became part of the larger British Aden Protectorate, coinciding with the opening of the Suez Canal in the same year.

In the 1960s it was in the Federation of Arab Emirates of the South, and its successor, the Federation of South Arabia. The last sheikh, Salih ibn Sayil Al Alawi, was deposed and his state was abolished on 28 Aug 1967 upon the founding of the communist-led People's Republic of South Yemen (1967-1990). Since 1990 the area is part of the Republic of Yemen.

Rulers

The rulers of the `Alawi Sheikhdom had the style of Shaykh al-Mashyakha al-`Alawiyya.[2]

Sheikhs

  • 1800 - 1839 Sha'if al-`Alawi
  • 1839 - 18.. Hilal ibn Sha´if al-`Alawi
  • 18.. - Mar 1875 Sha´if ibn Sha´if al-`Alawi
  • 1875 - 1892 Sa`id ibn Salih al-`Alawi
  • 1892 - Apr 1898 Sha´if ibn Sa`id al-`Alawi
  • 1898 al-Husayn ibn Salih al-`Alawi
  • 1898 - Jul 1920 `Ali ibn Nasir al-`Alawi
  • 1920 - 1925 `Abd al-Nabi ibn `Ali al-`Alawi
  • 1925 - 1940 Muhsin ibn `Ali al-`Alawi
  • 1940 - 28 Aug 1967 Salih ibn Sayil al-`Alawi

See also

References

  1. ^ Paul Dresch. A History of Modern Yemen. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000
  2. ^ States of the Aden Protectorates

External links

  • Map of Arabia (1905-1923) including the states of Aden Protectorate

Coordinates: 13°28′05″N 44°39′22″E / 13.468°N 44.656°E / 13.468; 44.656


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