Alas people

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Alas people
Kutacane pemamanan.jpg
Pemamanan tradition of the Alas people.
Total population
(85,600[1])
Regions with significant populations
 Indonesia (Aceh)
Languages
Alas language, Indonesian language
Religion
Islam
Related ethnic groups
Gayo people, Kluet people, Karo people (Indonesia)

The Alas people are an ethnic group that inhabits Southeast Aceh Regency, Aceh, Indonesia. They speak the Alas language, which is related to the Batak languages.

Languages

Alas people uses Alas language (Cekhok Alas) on a daily basis. This language is part of the Austronesian languages of the Kluet people in Aceh Selatan Regency, which also uses a very similar language with the language of the Alas people.[2] The Alas language also uses many similar vocabulary with Karo language of the Karo people in North Sumatra.[3] It is estimated that 80,000 people spoke the language in 2000.[4] It is thought that the Alas language might have originated from Batak languages,[3] however the Alas community refuses to be labelled as "Batak" on the basis of different religious practices.[5] Besides, it is not clearly known if the language is a separate language on its own.[5] Although Alas people live in Aceh Province, the language they use is very different with Acehnese language.

Surnames

The Alas names often include the family name or Marga (Batak) such as:[6]

  • Bangko
  • Deski
  • Keling
  • Kepale Dese
  • Keruas
  • Pagan
  • Selian
  • Acih
  • Beruh
  • Gale
  • Kekaro
  • Mahe
  • Menalu
  • Mencawan
  • Munthe
  • Pase
  • Pelis
  • Pinim
  • Ramin
  • Ramud
  • Sambo
  • Sekedang
  • Sugihen
  • Sepayung
  • Sebayang
  • Teriga

Art

A newly wedded Alas couple nearby Kutacane, Southeast Aceh Regency in 1930.

Traditional dance and musical instruments of the Alas people are such as:[7][8]

  • Mesekat dance
  • Pelabat dance
  • Landok Alun dance
  • Tangis Dilo[9]
  • Canang Situ[10]
  • Canang Buluh
  • Genggong
  • Oloi-olio
  • Keketuk layakh.

Crafts

Alas traditional house in Aceh Tenggara Regency.

The Alas people are also known to work on traditional crafts like:

Traditional cuisine

Traditional food of the Alas people includes:[11]

  • Manuk labakh
  • Ikan labakh
  • Puket Megaukh
  • Lepat bekhas
  • Gelame
  • Puket Megaluh
  • Buah Khum-khum
  • Ikan pacik kule
  • Telukh Mandi
  • Puket mekuah
  • Tumpi
  • Godekhr
  • Puket sekuning
  • Cimpe
  • Getuk

References

  1. ^ "Alas in Indonesia". Joshua Project. Retrieved 2014-11-02. 
  2. ^ John Fitzgerald McCarthy (2006). The Fourth Circle: A Political Ecology of Sumatra's Rainforest Frontier. Stanford University Press. ISBN 08-047-5212-5. 
  3. ^ a b K Alexander Adelaar & Nikolaus Himmelmann (2013). The Austronesian Languages of Asia and Madagascar. Routledge. ISBN 11-367-5509-8. 
  4. ^ "Batak Alas-Kluet". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2017-02-25. 
  5. ^ a b Rohdearni Wati Sipayung, Amrin Saragih, Roswita Silalahi & Sahron Lubis (July 2015). "The Translation of Makhioui Text from Batak Simalungun Wedding Ceremony in North Sumatra (Indonesia)" (PDF). IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science. ISSN 2279-0837. Retrieved 2017-02-25. 
  6. ^ Dr Thalib Akbar (2004). Sanksi dan Denda Tindak Pidana Adat Alas. 
  7. ^ Komisi A (2003). Musyawarah Adat Alas dan Gayo. Pemerintah Kabupaten Aceh Tenggara. 
  8. ^ Zulyani Hidayah (1997). Ensiklopedi: Suku bangsa di Indonesia. Pustaka LP3ES. ISBN 979-8391-64-0. 
  9. ^ Bakhrum Yunus (1987). Struktur sastra lisan Alas. Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa, Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. OCLC 20579319. 
  10. ^ Akifumi Iwabuchi (1994). The People of the Alas Valley: A Study of an Ethnic Group of Northern Sumatra. Clarendon Pres. ISBN 0-19-827902-7. 
  11. ^ Makarina Rina. "Makanan Khas Suku Alas". Google+. Retrieved 2014-12-12. 

See also

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alas_people&oldid=800292347"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alas_people
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Alas people"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA