Alan Percy, 8th Duke of Northumberland

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His Grace
The Duke of Northumberland
KG, CBE, MVO, TD
Alan Ian Percy 8th Duke of Northumberland - Alexander Bassano - pre-1913.jpg
Alan Ian Percy, in a Grenadier Guards uniform, by Alexander Bassano - 1900s
Lord Lieutenant of Northumberland
In office
19 July 1918 – 23 August 1930
Personal details
Born (1880-04-17)17 April 1880
London
Died 23 August 1930(1930-08-23) (aged 50)
London
Spouse(s)
Children 6, including Henry, Hugh, and Elizabeth
Parents Henry Percy, 7th Duke of Northumberland
Lady Edith Campbell
Garter-encircled shield of arms of Alan Percy, 8th Duke of Northumberland, KG, as displayed on his Order of the Garter stall plate in St. George's Chapel.

Alan Ian Percy, 8th Duke of Northumberland, KG, CBE, MVO, TD (17 April 1880 – 23 August 1930) was the son of Henry Percy, 7th Duke of Northumberland, and Lady Edith Campbell.

Military career

Percy was a second lieutenant of the 2nd Volunteer Battalion the Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment), when he was admitted as a second lieutenant in the Grenadier Guards on 24 January 1900.[1] He served with his regiment from 1901 to 1902 in South Africa during the Second Boer War, for which he received the Queen's South Africa Medal. Following the end of the war, he returned to the United Kingdom in August 1902.[2] In 1908 he was in the Sudan Campaign, taking part in the operations in Southern Kordofan and gaining the Egyptian medal. For a time he acted as Aide-de-Camp to Earl Grey. During his time as ADC in Canada, he undertook a wager to walk 111 miles from one city to another in three days - despite blizzards and heavy snowfall, he completed the challenge and won the wager. During the First World War he served with the Grenadier Guards, working with the Intelligence Department to provide eyewitness accounts of battles and the front line. His brother Lord William Percy also served during the War: wounded in 1915, he spent the remainder of the War working as a military attorney. He was made a Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur.

Political activities

Politically Percy was a Tory diehard[3]. He was a staunch supporter of the House of Lords.

From 1921 he funded the Boswell Publishing Company, and then in 1922 until his death the Patriot, a radical right-wing weekly which published articles by Nesta Webster and promulgated a mix of anti-communism and anti-semitism.[4]

In 1924 he acquired an interest in The Morning Post.

Other activities

The Duke was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Northumberland. For one year before his death he served as Chancellor of the University of Durham, a role his father had also held.

Marriage and family

On 18 October 1911, Percy married Lady Helen Magdalan Gordon-Lennox (daughter of Charles Gordon-Lennox, 7th Duke of Richmond). They had six children:[5]

The 8th Duke died in 1930 and was buried in the Northumberland Vault, within Westminster Abbey.[6] He was succeeded in the dukedom and his other titles by his eldest son, Henry.

Ancestry

Works

  • A Year Ago: Eye-witness's Narrative of the War from March 30th to July 18th, 1915, with E. D. Swinton, Longmans, Green & Co., 1916.
  • "The Realities of the Situation," The Patriot, Vol. I, No. 1, February 9, 1922.
  • First Jewish Bid For World Power, Reprinted from the Patriot, January, 1930.
  • The Shadow on the Moor, 1930
  • “La Salamandre” The story of a vivandière 1934

Other

  • W. H. Mallock, Democracy; being an Abridged Edition of 'The Limits of Pure Democracy', with an introduction by the Duke of Northumberland, Chapman & Hall, Ltd., 1924.

References

  1. ^ "No. 27156". The London Gazette. 23 January 1900. p. 431.
  2. ^ "The War - Return of Troops". The Times (36842). London. 9 August 1902. p. 11.
  3. ^ Roy Palmer Domenico, Mark Y. Hanley (editors) Encyclopedia of Modern Christian Politics: L-Z Greenwood Press (2006) p440
  4. ^ Markku Ruotsila, 'The Antisemitism of the Eighth Duke of Northumberland's the Patriot, 1922-1930', Journal of Contemporary History 39:1 (2004), 71–92
  5. ^ Lundy, Darryl (4 July 2015). "Alan Ian Percy, 8th Duke of Northumberland". The Peerage. Wellington, New Zealand: John Cardinal's Second Site. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  6. ^ "Elizabeth, Duchess of Northumberland & Percy Family". Westminster Abbey. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 25 August 2018.

Further reading

  • Ruotsila, Markku (2005). "The Catholic Apostolic Church in British Politics," Journal of Ecclesiastical History, Vol. LVI (1), pp. 75–91.

External links

  • Works by or about Alan Percy, 8th Duke of Northumberland at Internet Archive
  • Alnwick Castle website
  • Pedigree at Genealogics
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Percy
Duke of Northumberland
1918–1930
Succeeded by
Henry Percy
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Northumberland
Lord Lieutenant of Northumberland
1918–1930
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Trevelyan, Bt
Academic offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Durham
Chancellor of the University of Durham
1929–1930
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Londonderry

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