Alabama Territory

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Territory of Alabama
Organized incorporated territory of United States


Flag of Alabama Territory


Location of Alabama Territory
Capital St. Stephens
Government Organized incorporated territory
 •  1817–1819 William Wyatt Bibb
 •  Established December 10, 1817[1] 1817
 •  Statehood December 14, 1819[1] 1819

The Territory of Alabama (sometimes Alabama Territory) was an organized incorporated territory of the United States. The Alabama Territory was carved from the Mississippi Territory on August 15, 1817 and lasted until December 14, 1819, when it was admitted to the Union as the twenty-second state.


The Alabama Territory[n] was designated by two interdependent Acts of the Congress of the United States on March 1 and 3, 1817,[2][3] but it did not become effective until October 10, 1817.[1][4][5] The delay was due to a provision in the Congressional Act which stated that the act would only take effect if and when the western part of the Mississippi Territory (1798-1817) were to form a state constitution and government on the road to statehood. A state constitution for Mississippi was adopted on August 15, 1817, elections were held in September, and the first legislative session convened in October,[1] with the western part of the Mississippi Territory existing since 1798 becoming the State of Mississippi on December 10, 1817.[6]

St. Stephens, located in the central area of the Alabama Territory on the Tombigbee River, was the only territorial capital during the period. William Wyatt Bibb (1781-1820) of Georgia was the only territorial governor, later elected to that position after statehood.

On December 14, 1819, Alabama was admitted to the union as the 22nd U.S. state,[4][7] with Bibb becoming the first state governor (1819–1820).

Territorial evolution of Alabama

  • West Florida, 1763–1783 (temporarily briefly possessed by Britain, acquired from Spain.

1*U.S.A. territory with land that would later become part of the Territory of Alabama:

See also


  [n] - Name "Territory of Alabama" was often used in the time period, rather than "Alabama Territory".


  1. ^ a b c d "An 1820 Claim to Congress: Alabama Territory: 1817"; The Intruders; TNGenNet Inc.; 2001; quick webpage: TN-537
  2. ^ "An Act to enable the people of the western part of the Mississippi territory to form a constitution and state government, and for the admission of such state into the union, on an equal footing with the original state"
  3. ^ "An Act to establish a separate territorial government for the eastern part of the Mississippi territory"
  4. ^ a b "Timeline 1811-1820" (events +sources); Algis Ratnikas; "Timelines of History"; 2007; webpage: TimeLine Miss
  5. ^ "Statehood Dates";; 1998/2009; webpage: 50s-statehood
  6. ^ "Resolution for the admission of the State of Mississippi into the Union"
  7. ^ "Resolution declaring the admission of the state of Alabama into the Union"
  • Williams, Lewis et al.; "An 1820 Claim to Congress: Alabama Territory : 1817." Op. cit.: Gales & Seaton; American State Papers';' Washington: 1834; retrieved 21 February 2010.

External links

  • Journal of the Convention of the Alabama territory, begun July 5, 1819 (a 1909 reprint)

Coordinates: 32°39′28.35″N 86°47′31.17″W / 32.6578750°N 86.7919917°W / 32.6578750; -86.7919917

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